Environmental Safety Lecture 3 Flashcards Preview

Nur 111 - Theory Unit 1 Exam > Environmental Safety Lecture 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Environmental Safety Lecture 3 Deck (18):
1

As a nurse what are the primary responsibilities for safety?

Assessment (of both the patient and the environment; chart, patient, and thorough questions and interview)
Education (screen patients appropriately and educate them on proper information in association with what brought them to you.)

2

What are the factors affecting patient safety

cognition
age and development
mobility and health status
lifestyle
sensory perceptual alterations
environmental factors
safety awareness
ability to communicate
emotional state

3

the ability to perceive environmental stimuli and body reactions and to respond appropriately through thought and action. Clients with an impaired function include people lacking sleep, people who are unconscious, disoriented people who may not understand where they are or who they are, people who perceive stimuli that is not there

Cognitive

4

Through knowledge and accurate assessment of the environment people learn to protect themselves from many injuries.

Age and Development (study over chart on page 641)

5

Factors that place people at risk for injury include unsafe work environments; residence in neighborhoods that have high crime rates; access to firearms; insufficient income to purchase safety equipment or make necessary repairs; and access to illict drugs

LIfestyle

6

alterations in this factor is related to paralysis, muscle weakness, diminished balance and lack of coordination place clients at a risk for injury

Mobility and Health Status

7

People with impaired perception, hearing, taste, smell, and vision are highly susceptible to injury

Sensory - Perceptual Alterations

8

An extreme state of this factor can alter the ability to perceive environmental hazards. stressful situations can reduce a person's level of concentration, cause errors of judgement and decrease awareness of external stimuli

Emotional State

9

Individuals with diminished ability to receive and convey information are at risk of injury.

Ability to communicate

10

Information is crucial to safety. Clients in unfamiliar environments frequently need specific safety information. Lack of knowledge is a potential safety hazard.

Safety Awareness

11

Client safety is affected by the health care setting. Depending on the client situation the nurse may need to assess the environment of the home, workplace or community

Environment

12

What does RACE stand for when considering fire safety

Rescue
Alarm
Confine
Extinguish

13

What does the PASS acronym stand for ?

Pull the fire extinguisher
Aim hose at the fire
Squeeze handle
Sweep hose side to side

14

What is the leading cause of injury in older adults?

Falls

15

Name universal fall precautions in hospital settings

Bed in low position
non slip footwear
teach patient how to use the call button
orient patient to the environment
keep the call light in reach
use night lights
floor surfaces are clean and dry
handrails (only 2 siderails)
hourly patient rounds

16

What are the three things to check off when completing patient rounds?

position, bathroom assistance, pain assessment)

17

What items should be bedside for seizure precaution

blankets
suction equipment
oxygen equipment

18

Hospital National Safety Goals

Identify patients correctly
improve staff communications (directly related to test results)
use medication safely
use alarms safely
prevent infection (central line and post surgical site)
Identify patient safety risks (suicide risk)
Preventing surgical mistakes (