Flashcards in Environmental Safety Lecture 3 Deck (18):
As a nurse what are the primary responsibilities for safety?
Assessment (of both the patient and the environment; chart, patient, and thorough questions and interview)
Education (screen patients appropriately and educate them on proper information in association with what brought them to you.)
What are the factors affecting patient safety
age and development
mobility and health status
sensory perceptual alterations
ability to communicate
the ability to perceive environmental stimuli and body reactions and to respond appropriately through thought and action. Clients with an impaired function include people lacking sleep, people who are unconscious, disoriented people who may not understand where they are or who they are, people who perceive stimuli that is not there
Through knowledge and accurate assessment of the environment people learn to protect themselves from many injuries.
Age and Development (study over chart on page 641)
Factors that place people at risk for injury include unsafe work environments; residence in neighborhoods that have high crime rates; access to firearms; insufficient income to purchase safety equipment or make necessary repairs; and access to illict drugs
alterations in this factor is related to paralysis, muscle weakness, diminished balance and lack of coordination place clients at a risk for injury
Mobility and Health Status
People with impaired perception, hearing, taste, smell, and vision are highly susceptible to injury
Sensory - Perceptual Alterations
An extreme state of this factor can alter the ability to perceive environmental hazards. stressful situations can reduce a person's level of concentration, cause errors of judgement and decrease awareness of external stimuli
Individuals with diminished ability to receive and convey information are at risk of injury.
Ability to communicate
Information is crucial to safety. Clients in unfamiliar environments frequently need specific safety information. Lack of knowledge is a potential safety hazard.
Client safety is affected by the health care setting. Depending on the client situation the nurse may need to assess the environment of the home, workplace or community
What does RACE stand for when considering fire safety
What does the PASS acronym stand for ?
Pull the fire extinguisher
Aim hose at the fire
Sweep hose side to side
What is the leading cause of injury in older adults?
Name universal fall precautions in hospital settings
Bed in low position
non slip footwear
teach patient how to use the call button
orient patient to the environment
keep the call light in reach
use night lights
floor surfaces are clean and dry
handrails (only 2 siderails)
hourly patient rounds
What are the three things to check off when completing patient rounds?
position, bathroom assistance, pain assessment)
What items should be bedside for seizure precaution