Enzymes Flashcards Preview

Biology > Enzymes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Enzymes Deck (10)
Loading flashcards...
1

What do catalysts do?

They increase the rate of chemical reactions without being used up

2

What are biological catalysts called?

Enzymes

3

Which type of molecule are enzymes made from?

Proteins

4

What property of enzymes is vital for its function?

The shape of the enzyme molecule

5

What do high temperatures do to enzymes?

Change the shape of the enzyme molecule - the enzyme is denatured

6

What other factor is important for enzymes to function correctly?

pH

7

What does denatured mean?

When the active site of an enzyme changes shape

8

What does amylase do?

It catalyses the breakdown of starch into sugars in the mouth and small intestine

9

What does protease do?

It catalyses the breakdown of proteins into amino acids in the stomach and small intestine

10

What does lipase do?

It catalyses the breakdown of lipids (fats and oils) into fatty acids and glycerol in the small intestine