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Flashcards in Epilepsy Deck (13):
1

What is a seizure?

A seizure is a release of excessive and uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain

2

What is epilepsy?

Is a neurological condition that in different times produce brief disturbances in the electrical functions of the brain.

3

What's included in an evaluation of a single seizure?

History of events
Medical history
Family history
Social history
Laboratory evaluation- eeg Mri bloods
Physical examination
Neurological examination

4

Role of mental health nurse in managing seizures?

Learn specific types of seizures and there differences in description
Check they have control and assist in any issues
Learn their specific warnings scores and aura?
Build a person centred care plan with these warning signs and managing plan
Learn of any injuries
Learn of any disabilities
Check compliance

5

What medication do people with epilepsy take?

Anticonvulsants
Valproic acid
Lamotrigine
Topirinate
Tegretol

6

Epilepsy first aid?

Protect from injury
Cushion head
Look for epilepsy card
Recovery position
Reassurance

7

Different types of seizure

Generalised - a tonic , clonic, tonic-clonic, tonic, myoclonic, absence- atypical/typical
and partial

8

Explain tonic clonic seizure

In the tonic stage you lose consciousness and your body can go stiff and fall to the floor.
Your limbs jerk, lose bladder/bowel control , bite tongue or mouth, can stop breathing
The clonic stage you can have severe headache, feel tired, unwell, confused/memory problems, go into deep sleep

9

Explain tonic seizure

Same as tonic clonic with the jerk

10

Explain atonic seizure

Also known as the drop attack. You lose muscle tone and fall to the fall

11

Explain Myoclonic

Isolated or short lasting jerks, these don't last long

12

Explain absence seizure

There are two types of Absence
Atypical - change of muscle tone, clumsy
Typical - unconscious for a few seconds,can look like your day dreaming

13

How to manage epilespy?

Check compliance of medication
Have annual reviews
Community care assessments if nec for seizure alarm
Risk assessments
Keep seizure diary