Epistemology definitions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Epistemology definitions Deck (13)
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1

Necessary condition

X is necessary for Y when you can't possibly find a case of Y without X

2

Sufficient condition

X is sufficient for Y when you can't possibly find a case of X without Y

3

Innate knowledge

Innate knowledge is instilled in us from birth and does not come about through experience

4

Proponant

Someone who defends a view

5

Propositional knowledge

'Know that'- knowledge about things e.g. I have propositional knowledge that the sky is blue

6

Acquaintance knowledge

'Know of'- knowledge of things e.g. I have acquaintance knowledge of the position of the furniture in my bedroom

7

Ability knowledge

'Know how'- knowledge of how to do things e.g. I have ability knowledge of how to tie my shoelaces

8

Simple concept

A concept which cannot be broken down into parts e.g. red, cold, sour

9

Complex concept

A concept which can be broken down into multiple simple concepts e.g. house, love, unicorn

10

Deductive argument

Linking from a general fact to a specific fact. The truth of the premises guarantee the truth of the conclusion.

11

Inductive argument

Linking from a specific fact to a general fact. The truth of the premises would at best make the truth of the conclusion probable.

12

A priori knowledge

Knowledge gained through thinking and reasoning

13

A posteriori knowledge

Knowledge gained through experience and experiments