Flashcards in EQ1 - 3.1 The World Is Becoming Increasingly Urbanised (A) Deck (12):
What is urbanisation?
- The growth in the proportion of a country's population living in urban areas.
- Happening globally, 50%+ people living in urban areas (3.9B) - still increasing.
What happens in smaller population urbanisation?
- 35% of the population in developing countries live in urban areas.
- Fastest rates of urbanisation in the world are developing countries.
What are megacities?
- High rates of urbanisation lead to the growth of megacities.
- An urban area with over 10M people living in it.
What is a primate city?
- One city dominates the country it is in.
- Much bigger population than the 2nd biggest city - usually 2x as big.
- Influence the country economically.
What are the economical factors of a primate city?
- Investment; businesses often located there, attracting investment in infrastructure and services.
- Migration; there are many jobs so people move there to work. High skilled workers are attracted by higher paid jobs.
- Transport; international ports and airports are often located there, encouraging further investment and migration.
What are the political factors of a primate city?
- Governments and the HQ's are powerful, high earning businesses are located there.
- Means that the decision about development will only favour the city and not the whole country.
Why is urbanisation creating more megacities in the developing/emerging countries?
- As there is more space to develop.
- More people look to the centre for job opportunities.
- People would rather make a living in the centre of the city; better quality of life etc.
How does a primate city dominate its country?
- As it is in a double population so it is easier to allow them to trade and do business.
- They normally have the services to dominate the country - dock lands, CBD, airports and government.
What are urban areas?
- Towns and cities.
- Popular places to be and getting ever more so.
What will urbanisation most likely to do in 2050?
- The rate will stay at the rate urbanisation is now (rapid).
- It will mean that the majority of th global population, even ones in rural areas, will be living in urban areas instead.
What characteristics does a megacity require/possess?
- 10M + people.