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Flashcards in equine infectious anaemia Deck (21):
0

equine infectious anaemia shortform is

EIA

1

equine infectious anaemia is also known as

swamp fever

2

equine infectious anaemia is caused by which virus

lentivirus

3

characteristic clinical signs of EIA virus

it is demonstrated in blood as long as the animal lives

4

tell about the spread of EIA virus/lentivirus

transmitted mechanically be
mosquitoes(culex) or
bitting flies(stomoxys,tabanus)

5

characteristic point regarding spread of EIA

not spread by direct contact
requires vector

6

why is the disease called equine infectious anaemia

anaemia occurs due to haemolysis & erythrophagocytosis

7

RBC are coated by ______ and _________ in EIA infection

antiviral antibodies
complement 3

8

what is the reason of GLOMERULITIS in EIA?

deposition of IgG and C3 in kidney

9

EIA can be divided into 3 types. i.e.

acute
subacute
chronic

10

in acute form of EIA death occurs in

1 momnth

11

what is the count of RBC in acute form of EIA

4 million/mm2

12

main feature of subacute form of EIA

relapsing fever

13

RBC count in subacute form of EIA

1.5 million/mm3

14

RBC count in chronic form of EIA

2-3 million/mm3

15

RBC count in EIA
acute
subacute
chronic

ACUTE=4
SUBACUTE=1.5
CHRONIC=2 to 3

16

main postmortem lesion in chronic form of EIA

hypertrophy of
spleen
bone marrow

17

why there is hypertrophy of speen and bone marrow in EIA

due to stimulus of haematopoeisis

18

what type of anaemia occurs in equine infectious anaemia

normocytic
normochromic

19

name the specific test for diagnosing EIA

coggins test

20

what is coggins test?

agar gel immunodiffusion test (AGID)
detects humoral antibodies in serum