Erikson, RAM, Maslow Flashcards Preview

NURS 115 > Erikson, RAM, Maslow > Flashcards

Flashcards in Erikson, RAM, Maslow Deck (48):
1

viewing the world as safe and reliable. viewing relationships as maturing, stable, dependable

Basic trust vs Mistrust
Birth - 18 months

2

achieving a sense of control and free will

Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
18 months - 3 years

3

beginning development of a conscience; learning to manage conflict and anxiety

Initiative vs Guilt
3-6 years

4

emerging confidence in own abilities; taking pleasure in accomplishments

Industry vs. Inferiority
6-12 years

5

forming a sense of self and belonging

Identify vs. role confusion
12-20 years

6

forming adult, loving relationships and meaningful attachments to others

Intimacy vs. Isolation
20-40 years

7

being creative and productive, establishing the next generation

Generativity vs. Stagnation
40-65 years

8

accepting responsibility for ones self and life

Integrity vs. Despair
65- death

9

develops trust in itself, its parents, and the world; trust results from affection and gratification of needs

Basic trust
Birth -18 mths

10

Develops fears and suspicions. Results from consistent abuse, neglect, deprivation of love and affection

Mistrust
birth -18 mths

11

Develops sense of self-control without loss of self-esteem. able to cooperate. results from encouragement of parent to feed, dress, and toilet self

autonomy
18 mths -3 yrs

12

may feel shame and doubt, if parents overprotective, or have expectations that are too high, curtails learning basic skills

Shame and Doubt
18 mths - 3 yrs

13

seeks out new experiences, lively imagination, vigorously tests reality, imitates adults, explores how and why of activities. results if parent try to understand, answer questions, and accept active play

Initiative
3- 6 yrs

14

reluctant to act on their own desires, hesitates to attempt more challenging skills. results if child experiences restrictions or reprimands for seeking new experiences or skills

Guilt
3-6 yrs

15

gains pleasure from finishing projects and receiving recognition for accomplishments. results if opportunities given to succeed, given recognition

Industry
6-12 yrs

16

lack of self-worth develops, avoids strong competition. results if not accepted by peers or cannot meet parental expectation

Inferiority
6-12 yrs

17

has sense of who he/she is and what he/she stands for. tries on roles, experiences sexual polarized

Identity
12-20 yrs

18

self-conscious, and may have bisexual confusion, value confusion

Role Confusion
12-20 yrs

19

capacity to commit self to others, individual develops the capacity to work toward specific career. able to care about and share with another person without fear of losing oneself in the process

Intimacy
20-40 yrs

20

avoids intimacy, withdraws; results is not formed secure identity. may form limited ties that lack spontaneity and genuineness

Isolation
20-40 yrs

21

desires to make contribution to world, active concern for young people and their welfare; has parental pride and pleasure, establishes and guides the next generation

Generativity
40-65 yrs

22

self-absorbed, obsessed with own needs, is nonproductive, may experience early invalidism. total self-absorption

Stagnation
40-65 yrs

23

acquires a sense of satisfaction in looking back upon his or her life. Accepts life as "worthy"

Integrity
65-death

24

feels as if time is too short, believes life has been a series of failures or misses directions

Despair
65-death

25

health care profession that focuses on the life processes and patterns of people with commitment to promote health and full life-potential for individuals, families, groups, and global society

RAM definition of Nursing

26

RAM Elements

1. Adaptation
2. Person
3. Environment
4. Health
5. Goal of Nursing

27

process and outcome whereby the thinking and feeling person as individuals or groups use conscious awareness and choice to create human and environmental integration

RAM - adaptation

28

adaptive system described as a whole comprised of parts. functions as unity for some purpose

RAM - Person

29

All conditions, circumstances, and influences surrounding and affecting the development and behavior of persons or groups

RAM - Environment

30

state and process of being and becoming integrated and whole

RAM - Health

31

promote adaptation for individuals in the 4 adaptive modes, contributing to health, quality of life, and dying with dignity

RAM - Goal of Nursing

32

RAM Nursing Process

1. Assessment of behavior
2. Assessment of Stimuli
3. Nursing diagnosis
4. Goal setting
5. intervention
6. evaluation

33

cope with, or adapt to, changes in health status

RAM - Assessment of Behavior

34

influence behaviors - physiologic response

RAM - Assessment of Stimuli

35

statements that interpret the collected data

RAM- Nursing Diagnosis

36

clear statements of behavioral outcomes of nursing care

RAM - Goal Setting

37

selection of nursing approaches to promote adaptation by changing stimuli or strengthening adaptive process - teach or educate

RAM - Intervention

38

effectiveness of nursing intervention

RAM - Evaluation

39

4 modes in RAM for the Individual

1. Physiologic Mode
2. Self - Concept Mode
3. Role - Function Mode
4. Interdependence Mode

40

includes oxygenation, nutrition, elimination, activity and rest, protection, fluid, neurologic and endocrine function

RAM - Physiologic Mode

41

includes body image, sexual function, coping strategies for loss, and self-esteem; worthy of love - effect people positively

RAM - Self-Concept Mode

42

includes role clarity, role transition, role performance, coping with role change, role integration and role mastery

RAM - Role-Function Mode

43

includes dependency and independency, relationships, giving and receiving love, respect, and value

RAM - Interdependence Mode

44

Maslows hierarchy of needs 1st level

physiological - oxygen, fluids, nutrition, body temp, elimination, shelter, sex

45

Maslows hierarchy of needs 2nd level

Safety and security - Physical and Psychological safety

46

Maslows hierarchy of needs 3rd level

Love and belonging needs

47

Maslows hierarchy of needs 4th level

Self-esteem

48

Maslows hierarchy of needs 5th level

Self-actualization