Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal fistula Flashcards Preview

Cameron's Esophagus and Spleen > Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal fistula > Flashcards

Flashcards in Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal fistula Deck (12):
1

What is the most common type of tracheoesophageal fistula?

Type C, 85% (proximal EA, with distal TEF)

2

What is the second most common EA/TEF abnormality?

PUre EA without TEF

3

What is the most common abnormalities are associated with EA/TEF?

VACTERL (vertebral,anal,cardiac,TE, renal, limb abnormalities)

4

During what gestational period are the esophagus and trachea a common diverticulum of the primitive foregut?

4th week (At 22 to 24 days of gestation)

5

What are common fetal US findings in babies with a pure EA?

Polyhydraminos, a blind ending esophageal pouch and a small/absent gastric bubble.

6

How do newborns with EA/TEF usually present?

Drooling, and excessive salivation, coughing, choking or regurgitation with feeding.

7

What percentage of patients will have an anastomotic leak postoperatively?

15%

8

Motility studies in a patient with a history of EA/TEF?

Often shows discoordinated esophageal contraction or an immobile segment of esophagus.

9

Percentage of dysphagia in adult patients with h/o of EA/TEF

15%

10

Strictures may form in up to what percentage of patients with EA/TEF?

1/3 (30%)

11

What condition is seen in 50% of patients with EA/TEF?

GERD

12

Patients who present with symptomatic tracheomalacia (w/ EA/TEF) may be candidates for what surgery?

aortopexy