Flashcards in Europe ca 1400 Deck (22):
Also known as the Feudalism system. The Manorial system is comprised of Kings > Nobles > Knights > peasants.
Lord's and Fiefs
Own and rent out land.
Vassals and Homage
Vassals manage the land, and pay homage from the land to their Lord.
Work the land
Medieval warmness period
Warm period in History that allowed farms to produce more grain and food thus allowing population to increase.
serfs moving into cities and urban centers
insured product quality and also controlled the production of products and could increase and limit production
travelled around selling goods outside of guilds.
founded by Merchants who got charters form lords to found towns, sold goods freely.
Types of Cities:
City States, Imperial Cities, Capital Cities, Merchant Towns.
THE MAJOR monastic order of the 1400's
Hermit (Monsastic Order)
A more strict version of the Benedictine monks
Dedicated themselves to serving the poor
Famous for Luther.
Arose after "renaissance" of Latin and Greek works and Literature
Harmonizes religion with secular teachings
Power of Papacy
Innocent III (1198-1216) Vicar of Christ (Consolidate power for the office of pope)
4th Lateran Council (1215)
Affirmation of Pope's power, Transubstation is affirmed, and the celibacy of the clergy is affirmed.