Europe ca 1400 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Europe ca 1400 Deck (22):
1

Manorial System

Also known as the Feudalism system. The Manorial system is comprised of Kings > Nobles > Knights > peasants.

2

Lord's and Fiefs

Own and rent out land.

3

Vassals and Homage

Vassals manage the land, and pay homage from the land to their Lord.

4

serfs

Work the land

5

Medieval warmness period

Warm period in History that allowed farms to produce more grain and food thus allowing population to increase.

6

Urbanization

serfs moving into cities and urban centers

7

Guilds

insured product quality and also controlled the production of products and could increase and limit production

8

Merchants

travelled around selling goods outside of guilds.

9

Merchant towns

founded by Merchants who got charters form lords to found towns, sold goods freely.

10

Types of Cities:

City States, Imperial Cities, Capital Cities, Merchant Towns.

11

Benedictine monks

THE MAJOR monastic order of the 1400's

12

Carthusians

Hermit (Monsastic Order)

13

Cistercians

A more strict version of the Benedictine monks

14

Franciscans

Dedicated themselves to serving the poor

15

Dominicans

Intellectuals

16

Augustinians

Famous for Luther.

17

Univserities

Arose after "renaissance" of Latin and Greek works and Literature

18

Scholasticism

Harmonizes religion with secular teachings

19

Thomas Aquinas

Famous Scholastic

20

Power of Papacy

Innocent III (1198-1216) Vicar of Christ (Consolidate power for the office of pope)

21

4th Lateran Council (1215)

Affirmation of Pope's power, Transubstation is affirmed, and the celibacy of the clergy is affirmed.

22

Gothic Cathedral

Symbol of High Middle Ages, Church and God are the center of the town and civ.