Ex.1-Orientation and Directional Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ex.1-Orientation and Directional Terms Deck (11):
1

Toward the head end of the upper body; above

Superior (cranial). Ex, The head is superior to the abdomen.

2

Away from the head end or toward the lower part of the structure of the body; below

Inferior (caudal). Ex. the navel is inferior to the chin.

3

Toward or at the front of the body; in front of

Ventral or Anterior. Ex. The breastbone is anterior to the spine.

4

Toward or at the back of the body; behind

Dorsal or Posterior. Ex. The heart is posterior to the breastbone

5

Toward of at the midline of the body; on the inner side of

Medial. Ex. The heart is medial to the arm

6

Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of

Lateral. Ex. The arms are lateral to the chest

7

Between a more medial and a more lateral structure

Intermediate. The collarbone is intermediate "between" the breastbone and the shoulder.

8

Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

Proximal. Ex. The elbow is proximal to the wrist.

9

Farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

Distal. The knee is distal to the thigh.

10

Toward or at the body surface

Superficial (external) Ex. The skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles

11

Away from the body surface; more internal

Deep (internal). Ex. The lungs are deep to the skin