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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (131)
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1

A person who suffered from the form of mass madness called lycanthropy beloved themselves to be possessed by what?

Wolves

2

What is a trephine?

A stone instrument used to cut away a circular section of the skull

3

All forms of therapy have 3 essential features what are they?

A sufferer, a healer and a series of contacts between the sufferer and healer

4

Behavior that is psychologically abnormal is not called what?

Mental instability

5

Judgments of abnormality depend on social norms as well as what?

Specific circumstances

6

Who was the Boston school teacher who made humane care a public and political concern in 19th century America

Dorothea Dix

7

Insurance parity laws are concerned with what?

Providing equal coverage for mental and medical problems

8

The policy of releasing patients from public mental health hospitals is known as what?

Deinstitutionalization

9

What is the role of a clinical practitioner in abnormal psychology?

To detect, assess and treat abnormal patterns of functioning

10

Before the 1950s almost all outpatient care for psychological disturbances took the form of what?

Private psychotherapy

11

The treatment mechanism associated with touching a troubled area of a patients body either a special rod is known as what?

Mesmerism

12

What was the earliest term to describe the mentally ill?

Unstable

13

What did Dorothea Dix work lead to the establishment around the country?

State hospitals

14

Which single viewpoint dominates clinical field as much as the psychoanalytic perspective ounce did?

The Cognitive model

15

What 19th century perspective held the view that abnormal psychological functioning had physical causes?

Somatogenic>body

16

What did Hippocrates believe caused abnormal behavior?

Imbalances In bodily fluids

17

Who argued societies invent the concept of mental Illness so they can control people whose unusual patterns of function upset or threaten the social order?

Thomas Sazazs

18

What is the role of clinical practitioners?

Gathering systematic information so they can describe, predict and explain the phenomenon of their study

19

Which viewpoint dominates the clinical field as the psychoanalytical perspective did?

Cognitive

20

The most prominent forerunner to the modern community mental health program was at gheel where is gheel located?

Belgium

21

What is one of the traits eccentric people exibit?

They have fewer emotional problems then the general population

22

Who was the French physician associated with asylum reform at La bicetre?

Philippe pineal

23

What is the dominate form of insurance coverage for mental hearth patients?

Managed care

24

When was the federal parity law requiring insurance companies to provide equal coverage for medical and mental problems enacted?

2011

25

What is the area of psychology concerned with the study and enhancement of positive feelings, traits and abilities?

Positive psychology

26

What perspective view views the chief causes of abnormal functioning as psychological?

Psychogenic

27

What percentage of current psychology graduate students are female?

72%

28

What was the dance in the Middle Ages people used to rid themselves of resulting symptoms of a wolf spider bite called?

Tarantella

29

What is the main difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist

Psychiatrists are trained medical doctors who can provide therapy, a psychologist is not a medical doctor but they can provide therapy

30

Clinical practitioners seek what type of understanding of abnormal behavior?

Idiographic understanding