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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (22):
1

List the Hierarchy of Complexity (9)

Atom
Molecule
Macromolecule
Organelle
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ System
Organism

"Ammo C Tooo"

2

List the characteristics of water (5)

Solvent
Adhesive
Cohesive
Chemical Reactivity
Thermal Stability

SACCRTS

3

List the functional groups and their appropriate symbol (5)

Hydroxyl (OH)
Methyl (CH3)
Carboxyl (COOH)
Amino (NH2)
Phosphate (H2PO4)

4

List the Monosaccharides (5)

Glucose
Fructose
Galactose
Ribose
Deoxyribose

5

List the Polysaccharides (3)

Glycogen (animal energy storage)
Starch (plant energy storage)
Cellulose (plant cell wall)

6

List the features of Enzymes (5)

Protein (monomer amino acid)
Specific
Not Consumed
Lower the activation energy
Active or Binding site present

7

What are the levels of protein structure? (4)

Primary Structure - first level, sequence of amino acids joined by peptide bonds

Secondary Structure - Hydrogen bonds interactions are responsible, beta sheet or alpha helix formed

Tertiary Structure - half proteins in your body are done by this one, other chemicals in the reaction groups cause the shape changes (unpredictable think ugly ribbon)

Quaternary Structure - two pieces of protein are made separately as subunits (polypeptide chain) or preformed subunits put together to form protein

8

What are the components of Nucleotides (3)

Pentose Sugar
Nitrogenous Base
Phosphate Group

9

What are the steps in Aerobic Cellular Respiration? (3)

Glycolysis (in cytoplasm)
Matrix Reactions (in matrix)
Electron Transport Chain (Inner Mitochondrial Membrane)

10

Cell Theory (2)

Everything that is alive is made of at least one cell
Cells come form pre-existing cells

11

Nucleus

Organelle, DNA located here

12

Ribosome

Tiny little organelle floating around cytoplasm job is PROTEIN SYNTHESIS/ MAKE protein

13

Mitochondria

Energy production ATP Power plant of cell, organelle

14

Cytoplasm

Watery juice where everything swims, GLYCOLYSIS occurs here

15

Membrane

Skin of cell, PHOSPHOLIPID Bilayer

16

Lysosome

little bag of enzymes (proteins - amino acids)

17

Na+/K+ Pump (ATP - ase)

Sodium Potassium Pump, made out of AMINO ACIDS from DEHYDRATION synthesis. Removes 3 sodium ions, brings in two potassium

18

What are the organic compounds and their corresponding monomers? (4)

Protein - amino acids
Carbohydrates - monosaccharides
Lipids - fatty acids
Nucleic Acids - nucleotides

19

Purines "Pure as Gold"

Adenine and Guanine

20

Pyrimidines

Cytosine, Thymine, and Uracil

21

Proton Motive Force (PMF)

Hydrogens being put out from NADH, note PMF is located in the INTER membrane space and is composed of HYDROGEN

22

Final electron acceptor in aerobic respiration?

Oxygen