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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (87):
1

Name the ligaments of the uterus

Broad ligament
Round ligament

2

Name the 3 parts of the broad ligament of the uterus

Mesometrium
Mesovarium
Mesosalpinx

3

Which muscle gives the cremaster muscle

Internal abdominal oblique

4

Name the 3 ligaments of the male repro

Proper ligament of testis
Ligament of tail of epididimis
Scrotal ligament

5

What is the expansion of the corpus spongiosum

Bolbus glandis

6

What passes through the inguinal canal (6)

Spermatic cord
Genitofemoral nerve
External pudental artery and vein
Vaginal tunic
Cremaster muscle
Ductus deferens
Pampiriform plexus
Round ligament of the uterus

7

What protects the urethra in the male

Tunica albuginea

8

Which lymph nodes drain the prostate

Sublumbar lymph node

9

What contains vaginal tunic

Spermatic cord
Ductus deferens
Pampiriform plexus

10

What forms the pelvic diaphragm

Levator ani
Coccygeus

11

What are the borders of the ischiorectal fossa

Lateral: ischiatic tuber
Medial: pelvic diaphragm
Ventral: pelvic floor

12

Name the 4 pouches

Pararectal fossa
Rectogenital pouch
Vesicogenital pouch
Pubovesical pouch

13

Name the 3 ligaments of the urinary bladder

Median ligament
Lateral ligament
Round ligament

14

In the fetus the median ligament of the bladder contains what

Urachus

15

In the fetus the lateral ligament of the bladder contains what

Umbilical arteries which turn into round ligament and we can find the ureters in the adult

16

What is the muscle surrounding the urethra

Urethralis

17

Which muscle will squeeze and empty the urinary bladder

Detrusor muscle

18

In the female where does the female urethra empties

External urethral orifice

19

In the male the opening of the ductus deferens and the prostate is what

Colliculus seminal is

20

Describe testicular descent

First phase gubernaculum increases length dilating inguinal canal
Second phase gubernaculum regress into small fibrous to make room for the testis

21

The internal lamina of the prepuce terminates where

At the fornix then becomes continuous with skin

22

Which artery of the equine is analogous to distal caudal femoral artery in the dog

Caudal femoral artery

23

Caudal tibial artery in the equine forms and S shaped anastomoses with which artery at which level of the limb

Saphenous artery at the level of the artery

24

At which level of the limb does the dorsal pedal continues the cranial tibial artery

At the level of the tarsus

25

The dorsal pedal becomes the great metatarsal artery at which level of the limb

At the level of the tarsometatarsal Joint

26

Which lymph node drains the prostate

Sublumbar lnn

27

What is one of the most common complications of mare parturition

Perineal laceration

28

What separates the right and left side of the mammae in LA

Medial laminae you would make an incision here for mastectomy

29

The lateral laminae stretched like the medial laminae
True
False

False

30

An open castration means the parietal vaginal tunic has been incised
True
False

True

31

The spines of the cat are testosterone dependent
True
False

True

32

The boar taint is an attribute from which structure

Preputial diverticulum

33

In the bull the urethral diverticulum curves around the ischial arch
True
False

True clinically important for catheter

34

Which nerve provides parasympathetic innervation that cause dilation of the dorsal artery of the penis

Pelvic nerve

35

The ischiourethralis muscle constricts which vein

Dorsal vein of the penis

36

The pudental nerve stimulates contraction of which 3 muscles in the erection

Ischiocevernosum
Ischiourethralis
Bulbospongiosum

37

Prolonged erection of penis causing ischemia is called

Paraphymosis

38

What female part engorges around the penis of the dog

Vestibular bulbs

39

Which animals have musculocavernosum penis

Dog
Stallion
Humans

40

Which animals have fibroelastic penis

Ruminant
Boar

41

Name the two glands in the dog penis

Bulbous glandis
Pars long glandis

42

Name the two erectile tissue

Corpus spongiosum
Corpus cavernosum

43

The ampulla is the enlargement of the ductus deferens
True
False

True

44

In which species do we find the ampulla

Ruminant
Stallion

45

In which species do we find the vesicular glands

Ruminants
Stallion
Boar

46

In which species do we find a prostate

Ruminant
Boar
Tom
Dog

47

In which species do we find bulbourethral glands

Ruminant
Stallion
Boar
Tom

48

The cremaster muscle is somatic innervated
True
False

True

49

What are two locations in the mare to test for CEM

Clitoral fossa
Clitoral sinuses

50

The cow has prominent dorsal and ventral intercornual ligaments located between each uterine horn
True
False

True

51

In which species is the ovary medulla and cortex reversed

The mare

52

What divides the quarters of the cow to left and right sides

Median groove

53

The median laminae of the tits are derived from what

Tunica flava and is elastic tissue

54

The lateral laminae is comprised of dense connective tissue
True
False

True

55

The blood supply for the small animal mammary comes from

Cranial and caudal superficial epigastric

56

The milk vein continues as the subcutaneous abdominal vein and perforated the abdominal wall the milk well and drains into internal thoracic vein
True
False

True

57

Fremitus is a vibration perceptible on auscultation
True
False

True

58

In the mare the ovulation only occurs in the ovulation fossa
True
False

True

59

Which lymph node drains the mammary

Superficial inguinal lnn

60

The tarsus receives innervation from which nerves

Common peroneal
Tibial nerve
Saphenous

61

The tarsus and the digits receive innervation from which nerves

Common peroneal
Tibial nerve

62

The mare has a Hymen better known as transverse fold
True
False

True

63

Describe th cervical canal for each species
Dog
Mare
Ruminant
Porcine

Dog smooth
Mare longitudinal folds
Ruminants annular rings
Porcine interdigitating

64

Explain different of blood supply of the uterus for each species

Dog: internal iliac —

65

Name the layers of the testis

Skin
Tunica Dartos
Spermatic fascia
Parietal vaginal tunic
Vaginal space
Visceral vaginal tunic
Tunica albuginea

66

Which of these muscles is more lateral
Coccygeus
Levator ani

Coccygeus

67

What is the function of the parental sinuses

Territorial sent

68

Internal anal sphincter is composed of smooth muscle
True
False

True

69

The hypocrisy tic nerve carries what and supplies what

Carries post synaptic sympathetic nerves and supplies the pelvic viscera

70

The pelvic nerve carries what and supplies what

Carries pre synaptic parasympathetic nerves and supplies the pelvic viscera

71

Genitofemoral nerve is somatic nerves
True
False

True

72

The genitofemoral nerve supplies what

Skin sensation of medial thigh prepuce mammary and inguinal region

73

The pudental nerve carries what and what does it supply

Carries somatic nerves and supplies the perineal, anus region

74

Name the 3 important lymph nodes of the pelvic area

Medial iliac lymph node
Hypogastric lymhnode
Superficial inguinal lymph node

75

The vestibular bulbs are homologous to what in the male

Bulbous glans

76

You can see the internal pudental artery in the pelvic diaphragm
True
False

True

77

Erection is a parasympathetic action by the pelvic nerve
True
False

True

78

Ejaculation is a sympathetic action by the hypogastric nerve
True
False

True

79

In what animals can you see a suburethral diverticulum

Sow and cow

80

The ductus deferens opens into what

Canniculus seminalis

81

Where is the vascular lacuna

Between the inguinal ligament and the pelvis

82

What are the borders of the femoral triangle

Cranial: caudal head of sartorius
Caudal: pectineus
Proximal inguinal ligament

83

Which vessels could be use for blood draw in the dog

Dorsal pedal artery
Cranial branch of saphenous vein

84

Which artery could be used for pulse in the dog

Dorsal pedal artery

85

The obturator nerves passes through where

Obturator foramen

86

The cranial gluteal nerve supplies what

Deep and middle gluteal muscles

87

The caudal gluteal nerve supplies what

Superficial gluteal muscle