EXAM 1 Intro to Cariology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in EXAM 1 Intro to Cariology Deck (20)
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what are dental caries lesions?

  • lesions that occur due to activity within plaque that covers a toth
  • a multifactorial process of demineralization and concurrent remineralization, and are often reversible


dental caries lesions are considered signs and symptoms of what?

metabolisms with plaque


where can dental caries lesions occur?

enamel, dentin, or cementum


what can happen in the biofilm is left undisturbed for a period of time on any tooth surface?

a caries lesion may form


what is dental plaque?

  • a biofilm
  • an active community of microorganisms that work together


what are signs and symptoms?

the effects of the metabolic processes within a community of microorganisms that work together for their own benefit


what is the surgical model?

  • "drill, fill, and bill"
  • to "treat the source of infection" with a filling
    • patient needs to be more proactive


describe the population health model

  • caries lesions are treated by elimination or reduction of risk factors
  • medicaments are used, in addition to oral hygeine education and nutritional education
  • no longer treta tooth by tooth, but treat the patient as a whole


causal factors of dental caries include an agent, host, and environment.  describe this.

  • agent
    • plaque biofilm
      • s. mutans, s. sobrinus, lactobacilli, and others
  • host
    • the tooth, saliva quanitity, saliva quality, immune responses
  • environment
    • dietary fermentable carbohydrates


what are some host factors that contribute to dental caries?

  • tooth anatomy, texture of surface, protected surfaces
  • salivary flow rates
  • salivary quality and buffering capacity
  • systemic disease


what are some environmental factors that contribute to dental caries?

  • diet
    • fermentable carbohydrates, frequency of meals, acidity of meals
  • oral hygiene and compliance
  • fluoride exposure


what are some bacterial factors that contribute to dental caries?

  • streptococcus mutans and sobrinus
  • lactobacilli
  • other non-cariogenic bacteria can become cariogenic for shot periods of time under certain conditions


describe streptococcus mutans

  • gram positive organisms
  • primary causative agent in the formation of dnetal caries
  • metabolizes sucrose to lactic acid


the rate of caries formation is dependent on what?

  • frequent intake of carbohydrates
  • oral hygiene
  • saliva quantity
  • saliva quality
  • microbial status
  • tooth surface
  • host defense


what is enamel composed of?

  • 95% mineral, 5% water
  • composed of long, thin crystallites of hydroxyapatite, or carbonated apatite


once erupted, enamel is in dynamic transformation. describe

  • teeth slowly erupt, therefore enamel undergoes subclinical changes, due to exposure to oral microbes, and salivary minerals
  • once fully erupted into occlusion, enamel is also subjected to mechanical modifications


describe dentin

  • mesodermal origin
  • 75% inorganic, 20% organic, 5% water
  • has reparative mechanism (odontoblasts)
  • works in concert with the pulp (dentino-pulpal organ)


dentin is living tissue, made up of tubules, each of which contain ___



describe the types of dentin

  • primary dentin forms before eruption
  • secondary dentin forms through root formation
  • tertiary dentin forms in response to stimuli from the biproducts of bacterial invasion in advance of the bacteria


describe the process of decay

  • begins with the dissolution of the minerals in the enamel
  • bacteria induce tubular sclerosis
  • zone of demineralization, results from acids produced by the bacteria
  • dentin is exposed to bacteria will decompose
  • reactive/reparative dentin may form before dentinal invasion