Exam 1 - Pain management Flashcards Preview

Med Surg III > Exam 1 - Pain management > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 - Pain management Deck (5)
Loading flashcards...
1

o Cutaneous stimulation
o Massage thermal therapies
o Transcutaneous electric nerve simulation (tens unit) – used by chiropractors/ortho – constantly sending stimulus to “confuse” neves and not transmit pain response
o Distraction
o Relaxation techniques
o Guided imagery
o Hypnosis
o Music therapy
o Alternative therapies

Nonpharmacologic therapy

2

Using more than one treatment modality

Combination therapies

3

Stress response increases metabolic rate, cardiac output, and risk for physiologic disorders
Sudden onset

Acute pain

4

Constant or intermittent pain that lasts 6 months or longer
Can lead to depression, increased disability, and suppression of immune function

Chronic pain

5

Characteristics of pain

Intensity
Timing
Location
Quality
Personal meaning
Aggravating/alleviating factors
Pain behavior