Exam 1 Review Part 2: PREMOLAR Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 Review Part 2: PREMOLAR Deck (21):
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SLIDE 22: PERMANENT MAXILLARY FIRST PREMOLAR --FACIAL
(Select any or all of the following that can be correct question)

Q: What is the shape of the CUSP TIP?
Q: Is the cusp tip slightly MESIAL or DISTAL to the mesiodistal long axis bisector?


A: relatively POINTED
A: DISTAL to the mesiodistal long axis bisector

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SLIDE 22: PERMANENT MAXILLARY FIRST PREMOLAR --FACIAL
(Select any or all of the following that can be correct question) ****

Q: What is so distinctive regarding to the characteristic of this tooth that no other permanent tooth shares?

Q: Which cusp tip is taller? (FACIAL CUSP TIP OR THE LINGUAL CUSP TIP)?

A: The mesial cuspal ridge of the facial cusp is longer than the distal cuspal ridge.

*******A: The FACIAL cusp tip is taller than the lingual cusp tip.

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SLIDE 23: PERMANENT MAXILLARY FIRST PREMOLAR--MESIAL
(FILL IN THE BLANK QUESTION)

Q: 1) The ______________ ( mesial or distal cuspal ridges??) of the facial and lingual cusps ____________ ( converge or concave???) cervically from their respective cusp tips to meet the facial and lingual segments of the mesial marginal ridge.
Q2: The crest of this mesial marginal ridge is almost __________________ (parallel or perpendicular) to the faciolingual long axis bisector.
Q3: The crest of this mesial marginal ridge is divided into a facial and lingual segment by the ___________ ____________ _____________ __________ (MMDG) which crosses the ridge from the __________ (cervical or occlusal or lingual) surface and extends on the _________ (mesial or distal) surface.
Q4: Which development depression (mesial or distal) must always be of concern to the dentist during restorative and periodontal treatment procedures.

Q1) MESIAL cuspal ridges.
CONVERGE
Q2): PERPENDICULAR
Q3): MESIAL MARGINAL DEVELOPMENTAL GROOVE.
OCCLUSAL
MESIAL
Q4: MESIAL

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SLIDE 24: PERMANENT MAXILLARY FIRST PREMOLAR --OCCLUSAL
("FILL IN THE BLANK KIND OF QUESTION")

Q1: The _________ (mesial or distal) segment of the outline measures _________ (more or less) faciolingually than the ___________ (mesial or distal) segment/outline.

Q2: The mesial outline reflects the contour of a _____ figure ____(#) due to the presence of the _________________- (mesial or distal) marginal ridge developmental groove.

Q1: MESIAL, LESS, DISTAL
Q2: REVERSE FIGURE 3, MESIAL MARGINAL RIDGE DEVELOPMENTAL GROOVE.

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SLIDE 25: PERMANENT MAXILLARY FIRST PREMOLAR --OCCLUSAL

Q1: Where to the triangular ridges of the facial and lingual cusps meet? (Be specific. More towards which cusp)

A1: Near the center of the occlusal table but slightly LINGUAL to the faciolingual bisector of the crown.

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SLIDE 25: PERMANENT MAXILLARY FIRST PREMOLAR --OCCLUSAL
-(Most likely a true or false question)

Q: Can a true transverse ridge exist in the occlusal surface of the permanent maxillary first premolar? ( If so, would it be separated by a deep central PIT or GROOVE?

YES. It would be separated by a DEEP CENTRAL GROOVE!

7

SLIDE 26: PERMANENT MAXILLARY FIRST PREMOLAR --OCCLUSAL

Q: Describe the relationship between the mesial and distal triangular fossae.
- Where are they close to (location wise)?

A: The mesial and distal triangular fossae are VERY FAR APART from each other.
- They are close to their respective MESIAL and DISTAL OCCLUSAL OUTLINES.

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SLIDE 27: PERMANENT MAXILLARY SECOND PREMOLAR --FACIAL
(He will have some false information on here. Be sure to choose the correct word).

Q1: The facial cusp tip will be slightly _______ (mesial or distal) to the mesiodistal long axis bisector (line dividing the tooth in half).
Q2: Which cuspal ridge is shorter? (MESIAL or DISTAL)

Q1: slightly MESIAL
Q2: MESIAL cuspal ridge is shorter than the distal cuspal ridge r

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SLIDE 28: PERMANENT MAXILLARY SECOND PREMOLAR --MESIAL

Q1: Which cusp tip is more pointed? (Lingual or Facial)
Q2: What's unique about the facial cusp tip? (it's relationship to the facial vertical line that marks the greatest facial curvature and the faciolingual long axis bisector of the crown).

The FACIAL cusp tip is more pointed than the lingual cusp tip. ****
- The lingual cusp tip is more rounded.

Q2: The facial cusp tip is located about half way (btwn those two vertical lines). Right in the middle of the two.

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Slide 29: PERMANENT MAXILLARY SECOND PREMOLAR --MESIAL
(Multiple Answer Question --be on the lookout to see which one's correct)

Q1) The slants of the triangular ridges are ________ (more steep or not as steep) as those seen in the maxillary first premolar.
Q2) What does the mesial marginal ridge look like? (Is it curved or straight)?
Q3) The mesial marginal ridge is __________ (continuous or non continous) across the tooth.
- Is the mesial marginal ridge (divided or not divided) into two segments by a groove.

A1: NOT AS STEEP
A2: the mesial marginal ridge is almost HORIZONTAL across the tooth
A3: **** CONTINUOUS across the tooth. It is NOT DIVIDED into two segments by a groove.

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Slide 30: PERMANENT MAXILLARY SECOND PREMOLAR ---OCCLUSAL
(Multiple answer question. So be on the lookout of the correct ones)

Q1: This tooth has mesial and distal triangular fossae that are _______ (regularly or irregularly) shaped?
Q2: The triangular fossae are _______ ( nearer or further) to the center of the maxillary first molar.
Q3: This tooth has what kind of central groove and marginal ridges?

A. IRREGULARLY Shaped.
B. NEARER
C. RELATIVELY SHORT central groove and relatively WIDE marginal ridge.

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Slide 31: PERMANENT MANDIBULAR PREMOLARS:
- CLASSIC TRAITS and KEY CONSIDERATIONS.
-only one answer should be correct in this question.

Q1: *** Viewed from the proximal aspect, the facial profiles are significantly inclined lingually from where to where?
Q2: What kind of facial cusp do they have?
Q3) The faciolingual measurement is greater than mesiodistal measurement by only ____mm or less.
Q4: The lingual height of contour is situated more occlusally much _______ (nearer or further) the tips of the lingual cusps.

A1: ***inclined lingually from the HEIGHT OF CONTOUR (cervical ridge) TO THE TIP OF THE FACIAL CUSP
A2: SINGLE, WELL-DEVELOPED FACIAL CUSP
A3: 1.0mm or less (Faciolingual measurement is greater than mesiodistal measurement.
A4: NEARER THE TIPS

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SLIDE 32: PERMANENT MANDIBULAR FIRST PREMOLAR -- LINGUAL VIEW
(Multiple answer question. Choose one right answer)
Q1: *** The lingual cusp tip is approximately _______ (#) the height of the facial cusp tip.
Q2: The occlusal table slants ________ (cervically, medially, lingually)
Q3: Much of the triangular ridge of the facial cusp is _______ (visible or non-visible)?
Q4: the ________ (facial or lingual) cusp has consistent cingulum qualities to the anatomy.
Q4: A pointed and CENTERED lingual cusp tip is ______ (evident or not evident).

Q1: *****two-thirds the height of the facial cusp tip.
Q2: CERVICALLY
Q3: VISIBLY
Q4: lingual
Q5: EVIDENT

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SLIDE 33: Permament Mandibular first premolar --MESIAL View:
(T/F Question)

Q1: *****The lingual cusp tip is ________ (supported or not supported) by the root structure.
Q2: In fact, the lingual cusp tip actually is more _____________ (lingually or facially) positioned than the confines of the lingual root surface.

Q1: NOT SUPPORTED
Q2: MORE LINGUALLY POSITIONED.

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SLIDE 34: PERMANENT MANDIBULAR FIRST MOLAR -- MESIAL VIEW

Q1: Where is the height of contour located on the lingual surface of this tooth? (.... only if the measurement is from the...... is used)

A1: Height of contour is in the MIDDLE ONE-THIRD of the lingual surface, if a measurement from the CERVICAL LINE to the HIGHT OF THE ***FACIAL CUSP TIP is used.

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SLIDE 35: PERMANENT MANDIBULAR FIRST PREMOLAR --- OCCLUSAL VIEW:

Q1: The mesial triangular fossa has a ___________ (mesial or distal) groove at the bottom of it that is ________ (angular or linear) in shape and is continuous with the ______________ (ML,MF,MD,DF) groove.

A1: MESIAL groove at the bottom of it
LINEAR in shape
continuous with the MESIOLINGUAL groove.

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SLIDE 36: PERMANENT MANDIBULAR SECOND PREMOLAR --FACIAL view.

Q1: The mesial cuspal ridge of the facial cusp is __________ (shorter or longer) than the distal cuspal ridge.

-SHORTER

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SLIDE 37: PERMANENT MANDIBULAR SECOND PREMOLAR -- MESIAL VIEW
(Which of the following is correct question)

Q1: The mesial marginal ridge is at a __________ (higher or lower) level occlusally and is more ____________ (vertical or horizontal-positioned), than the mesial marginal ridge of the mandibular first premolar.

A1: HIGHER LEVEL occlusally
HORIZONTAL-POSITIONED

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SLIDE 38: PERMANENT MANDIBULAR SECOND PREMOLAR --DISTAL VIEW.
Multiple choice question:

Q1: List all three cusp that can be seen in the distal view of this tooth.

Q2: The ___________ (mesiolingual or distolingual) cusp can be seen over the tip of the ____________ (mesiolingual or distolingual) cusp.

A1: MESIOLINGUAL, DISTOLINGUAL, and FACIAL CUSP.

A2: MESIOLINGUAL, DISTOLINGUAL

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SLIDE 39: PERMANENT MANDIBULAR SECOND PREMOLAR ---- OCCLUSAL VIEW

Q1: When viewing a permanent mandibular second premolar (occlusal view), where is the facial cusp tip positioned?

The facial cusp tip is SLIGHTLY MESIAL and FACIALLY positioned.

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SLIDE 40: PERMANENT MANDIBULAR PREMOLARS --mesial view -- comparison and contrast.

Q1: What piece of anatomy (on the two premolars) can not help you distinguish between the first and 2nd premolar?

A1: the CURVATURE of CERVICAL LINES
(both are pretty much the same)