Exam 1 - Schizophrenia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 - Schizophrenia Deck (58):
1

alogia

the inability to speak due to a mental illness

2

ambivalence

experience of conflicting emotions

3

anergia (pos or neg?)

lack of energy

negative

4

anhedonia (pos or neg?)

inability to enjoy anything pleasant

negative

5

ansognosia (pos or neg?)

the inability to realize they are mentally ill

negative

6

apathy (pos or neg?)

lack of ability to feeling emotion

negative

7

associative looseness (pos or neg?)

the shifting of topics while talking - unrelated topic to unrelated topic

positive

8

autistic thinking

focus is directed inward - a lot of daydreams and fantasy

9

catatonia (pos or neg?)

excitement is modeled by psychomotor purposelessness and random movements

negative

10

circumstantiality (pos or neg?)

a type of conversation that leads to immense detail in conversations

positive

11

clang association (pos or neg?)

a pattern of speech that is composed due to rhyming

positive

12

delusions (pos or neg?)

a false personal belief that they will stand by no matter the correction

positive

13

echolalia (pos or neg?)

the repetition of words that are spoken by the person speaking (ECHOING)

POSITIVE

14

echopraxia (pos or neg?)

meaningless repetition of another persons movement

positive

15

erotomania

the belief that another person is in love with them even though it is false

16

flight of ideas

continuous FAST speech that may change from one topic to another, but may still have the same idea

17

grandiose

exaggerated feeling of importance (i.e. "god")

18

hallucinations (pos or neg?)

false sensory perceptions not associated with real stimuli

positive

19

ideas of reference

idea that small ideas in life mean something big

20

illusions (pos or neg?)

incorrect perception of a real stimulus

positive

21

labile

a mood state that defines wild and inconsistent mood changes

22

magical thinking (pos or neg?)

an idea that makes a person believe that thinking of something will make it happen (i.e. it snowed because i wished it would)

positive

23

mutism (pos or neg?)

anxiety disorder that causes the individual to remain mute (refusal)

positive

24

negative symptoms

decrease in normal function

25

neologism (pos or neg?)

new words created that are meaningless to others

positive

26

paranoia

extreme suspicion
characterized by delusions and hallucinations

27

perseveration

repetition of the same words to different questions

positive

28

positive symptoms

excessive distortion in normal functioning -- extreme symptoms but still is manageable

29

posturing (pos or neg?)

voluntary assumption of bizarre positioning

negative

30

poverty of thought

reduction of thought or focus on the same topics

31

premorbid

state of function prior to onset of schizophrenia

32

prodromal symptoms

the initial onset of symptoms prior to schizophrenia diagnosis

33

psychosis

a mental state where there is an extreme loss of touch with reality

34

religiosity (pos or neg?)

excessive demonstration with a religious idea (i.e. listening to god)

positive

35

residual symptoms

beliefs, attitudes, experiences that can contribute to low self esteem

36

somatic (pos or neg?)

false idea of function of their body (doctor says not pregnant but i am)

positive

37

tangentiality (pos or neg?)

inability to reach a point in their story

positive

38

volition (pos or neg?)

inability to initiate goal directed activities

negative

39

waxy flexibility (pos or neg?)

positions themselves in whichever way someone would like

negative

40

word salad (pos or neg?)

a group of words that are put together without logical fashion

positive

41

what are the four phases of schizophrenia?

premorbid
prodromal
active or "schizophrenia"
remission

42

what happens during the premorbid phase of schizophrenia

usually normal functioning occurs along with shy ness and withdrawal

43

what happens during the prodromal phase of schizophrenia

deterioration of normal function and cognitive impairment

44

what is a diagnosis of schizophrenia based on

2 or more symptoms including hallucinations and delusions
decrease in normal function
symptoms for 6+ months
other disorders ruled out
medical reasons ruled out
pre-existing conditions ruled out and assessed

45

what are psychological treatments (nonpharm)

individual psychotherapy
group
behavior therapy
social skills training
social treatments

46

What is delusional psychosis disorder

delusions that last for at least 1 month

47

what is brief psychotic disorder

symptoms that last for 1 d to 1 month

48

what is substance induced psychosis

psychosis from intoxication

49

what is schizophreniform

1 m to 6 m of schizophrenia symptoms

50

what is schizoaffective disorder

schizophrenia symptoms with depression and mania involved

51

blocks dopamine receptors and may affect cholinergic, adrenergic, and histamine receptors

typical antipsychotics

52

weaker dopamine receptor antagonist - more potent serotonin antagonists - affects cholinergic, adrenergic, and histamine receptors

atypical antipsychotics

53

weight gain and sedation is caused most by what type of antipsychotic med

histamine blockers

54

extrapyramidal symptoms are most caused by what type of antipsychotic med

dopamine blockers

55

dry mouth, blurred vision, urinary retention, constipation, and tachycardia is most often caused by what kind of antipsychotic medication

cholinergic blockers

56

dizziness, orthohypotension, tremors, and reflex tachycardia is most often caused by what type of antipsychotic medication?

adrenergic blockers

57

what is neuroleptic malignant syndrome

antipsychotic side effect that is very rare

58

what are the symptoms of NMS

high fever
diaphoresis
muscle rigidity
tachycardia
unstable BP
coma