Exam #1 Terms Flashcards Preview

Intro to Visual Arts > Exam #1 Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam #1 Terms Deck (38):
1

Composition

the way the painting is organized or laid out
ex. all over composition vs. weighted composition

2

symmetry

balance in a painting

3

scale

size of an artwork

4

medium

what materials are used / what the painting is made out of

5

fresco

pigment mixed with wet plaster

6

encaustic

melted wax to build up texture and color

7

intaglio

etching or carving with wood plates and mezzotint rocker process

8

repousse

hammered into brass to make a mold

9

assemblage

collage, mixed media: making you think about fantastical ideas with realistic grounding

10

iconography

what is on the canvas at that point in time, what you actually see

11

painterly

blended, paint strokes, Indistinct and soft
how color works with color

12

low relief sculpture

carves the background out so it slightly comes out into space

13

sunken relief

etching - has texture but does not come into space

14

high relief

projects into space the most - more delicate but not freestanding

15

contrapposto

how weight is distributed naturally on a body

16

volume

how much is going on

17

mass

how "heavy" does it feel- how compact everything is

18

horror vacui

fear of empty space (Romans)

19

texture

the feel, appearance, or consistency of a surface

20

chiaroscuro

the way light and dark an create shape

21

1 point perspective

1 vanishing point

22

2 point perspective

2 vanishing points

23

atmospheric perspective

blend paint to force perspective

24

foreshortening

things that are closer to you appear bigger

25

pastoral

peaceful, calm, weightless

26

picturesque

natural beauty nearly perfect

27

sublime

being in awe at the power of nature and feeling very small being human

28

sfumato

using hazy color to give a sense of depth
a glaze that softens edges

29

trompe l'oeil

fool the eye - realistic

30

tondo

round painting

31

tenebrism

a nearly velvety blackness punctuated by bright points of light

32

barrel vault

rounded arches
Romanesque

33

groin vault

two barrel vaults crossed at right angles

34

rib vault

pointed arches

35

flying buttress

a pier with a supporting "limb" that helps hold up walls and arches

36

apse

the curved section at the end of a church

37

nave

rectangular open center space

38

clerestory

upward extension of nave