Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

OB/Peds > Exam 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (167)
Loading flashcards...
1

3 Risk factors for hydatidiform moles?

Teens
Women over 35 y.o
Previous miscarriage

2

What is the most common presenting symptom of hydatidiform moles?

Vaginal bleeding

3

What does a hydatidiform mole appear as on ultrasound?

snowstorm pattern

4

Where is the most common side of an ectopic pregnancy: Cervix, ovary, tube, or abdomen?

Tube (97%)

5

What condition presents with abdominal tenderness along with vaginal bleeding?

Ectopic pregnancy-likely ruptured

6

What is the term for a pregnancy complicated by bleeding before 20wks gestation?

Threatened abortion

7

What constitutes someone to have 'recurrent spontaneous abortions'?

3 or more consecutive pregnancy losses

8

What accounts for 49% of spontaneous abortions (loss of preg. before 20wks)?

Chromosomal abnormalities

9

What is it called when the woman has a dilated cervix prior to the 20wk gestation mark?

Inevitable abortion

10

What is the term for implantation of the placenta over or near the internal os?

Placenta previa

11

Bright red, painless bleeding that occurs after 27wks gestation is most likely ___ ____.

Placenta Previa

12

What condition studied is NOT diagnosed via ultrasound?

Abruptio placentae

13

What is abruption placentae?

Separation of placenta after 20wks gestation; accompanied by bleeding, abdomen or back pain

14

What is the most common cause of abruption placentae?

Maternal hypertension (44%)

15

With twins, are you more likely to see oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios?

Polyhydramnios

16

T/F: Fetal ballottement is easier to perform with polyhydramnios.

True

17

What is gestational hypertension?

Blood Pressure: Over 140/90 mmHg
After 20wks gestation
NO PROTEIN IN THE URINE

18

If they have 140/90mmHg BP, after 20wks, with protein in the urine it is called ____.

Preeclampsia

19

Preeclampsia affects ___% of pregnancies?

5-7%

20

T/F: C-section is preferred if diagnosed with preeclampsia.

False: Vaginal is preferred unless there is physiological stress

21

What is HELLP?

Associated with preeclampsia; Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, Low Platelet count

22

New seizures in a woman with preeclampsia is called what?

Eclampsia

23

What are the two forms of treatment for eclampsia?

Magnesium sulfate,
Antihypertensive meds

24

Preterm labor is cervical effacement &/or dilation before __ wks of gestation.

37

25

What is the greatest risk factor for preterm labor?

Having a previous preterm delivery

26

What does tocolytic therapy do for preterm labor?

Slows down or halts uterine contractions

27

What do corticosteroids do with regards to preterm labor?

Enhance pulmonary maturity of baby

28

What is the definition of post-term pregnancy?

Pregnancy that reaches 42+ wks gestation

29

What is gestational diabetes?

A glucose intolerance that begins during pregnancy

30

T/F: Gestational diabetes increases your chances of having Type 2 diabetes later on.

True