Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

Nursing > Exam 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (61):
1

When it comes to instruments which is better, Pakistan or German?

German

2

Can you mix Pakistan and German instruments when cleaning and/or in packs?

no

3

What does a general surgery pack include?

towel clamps, tissue forceps, thumb forceps, scissors, needle holders, scalpel handle, allis tissue forceps, rochester carmalts

4

What kind of tissue forceps come in a general surgery pack?

Kelly, Crile, and Mosquito

5

What kind of thumb forceps come in a general surgery pack?

Brown, Adson, and rat tooth

6

What are tissue forceps used for?

clamp and hold tissue

7

What are Hemostatic forceps used for?

clamping tissue and/or vessels for clamping, crushing and holding blood vessels for hemostats

8

What are needle holders used for?

hold curved suture needles during suturing, perform instrument ties, and attach scalpel blade to handles

9

What are scissors used for?

to cut certain material

10

What type of scissors are there?

mayo, metzenbaum, bandage, iris, tenotomy, suture

11

What are towel clamps used for?

to attach towels and drapes to patient

12

What are retractors used for?

used rather than hands to retract tissues and provide good visibility

13

What are suction tips used for?

to remove excess fluid/ blood

14

How does stapling compare to suturing?

its easier and faster

15

What must you do when removing staples?

use a staple remover

16

When should you collect a fecal sample?

right away

17

Why is it important to have a fresh fecal sample?

so the parasites are fresh

18

How much feces do you need for a sample?

about a teaspoon

19

How can you collect a fecal sample?

pick it up off the ground, use a loop, or gloved finger

20

What is a way to collect a fecal sample in a feedlot setting?

pooled sample

21

When the owner of the patient is collecting a fecal sample what should they bring it in?

an airtight container

22

What should the owner of the patient do if they cannot bring the sample in right away?

store in the fridge

23

What should you do with a fresh sample?

examine within a few hours or refrigerate

24

What should you look for when examining a fecal sample?

color, odor, consistency, blood, mucus, parasites

25

Where are anal sacs located?

4 and 8 o' clock on either side of rectum

26

What is the purpose of anal sacs?

scent glands for marking

27

What are some problems that can happen with anal sacs?

inflammation, impaction, infection

28

What are some clinical signs of problems with anal sacs?

scooting, pain, don't want it touched, inflammed

29

How can you treat anal sacs?

internally or externally express them, change diet

30

What animal has the most issues with anal sacs?

small dogs

31

What are some reasons to do an enema?

constipation, ate something bad, prior to GI radiograph study, heatstroke, hypothermia

32

What are the most common reasons to do an enema?

constipation and prior to GI radiograph study

33

What is an important thing to know when using enemas to treat heatstroke or hypothermia?

don't make the water too hot or too cold

34

What are some enema contraindications?

acute abdomen or decreased bowel viability

35

What is constipation?

difficulty pooping

36

What supplies are needed when performing enemas?

gloves, lube, enema bag, solution, somewhere easy to clean, restrainer, forceps to clamp tubing, tubing, enema tip or foley catheter

37

What are some enema solutions?

Isotonic and hypertonic

38

Why should the enema solution be gentle and mild?

to prevent dehydration and electrolyte imbalances

39

What is the best way to get the solution in the colon during an enema?

gravity flow

40

How long should you do an enema?

until stool is clear or animal has had enough

41

What should be avoided when performing enemas?

rapid injection of large volumes of solutions and trapping fluid in rectum

42

What happens when you use fast flow in or overload the animal during an enema?

can cause reverse flow vomiting

43

What are the ways drugs can be administered?

Parenterally, Orally, and Injection

44

What is Parenteral?

anything but GI

45

What are some parenteral routes?

SQ, IM, IV, ID, IP, IO

46

What is IP?

Intraperitoneal (into peritoneum)

47

What is IO?

Intraosseous (into bone marrow)

48

Why would you need to inject in the bone marrow?

for emergencies, can't find a vein, too small to get a catheter

49

What animals are cephalic venipuncture performed?

cats and dogs

50

What animals are jugular venipunctures performed?

dog, cat, ruminant, and horse

51

What animals are saphenous venipuncture performed?

cats and dogs

52

What does extravasation mean?

outside the vein

53

What would cause a vessel to collapse?

too much pressure on plunger of syringe or too much tension placed on skin

54

What supplies do you need to perform venipuncture?

alcohol, gauze, needle, syringe, clippers, white tape, vacutainers, restrainer

55

Where do you occlude the vessel for a jugular venipuncture?

jugular furrow

56

Where do you occlude the vessel for a cephalic venipuncture?

by the elbow

57

Where do you insert the needle for venipuncture?

Stay as far from the heart as you can so you can move up and re-insert needle if needed

58

What should you do when doing a SQ injection in cattle?

use caution with needle and know where the chute is

59

Why do we not give vaccines to animals until a certain age?

need to wait until maternal antibodies are gone. Vaccine won't work until a certain age

60

Why do we give vaccines in the same location when we administer?

So we know what vaccine was given if theres ever a problem

61

Why do we administer distally on cats?

if they get a tumor its easier to take off the back legs