Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (26):
1

soprano range

middle C- G

2

alto range

low G- high E

3

tenor range

D- G

4

bass range

below staff E- Middle C

5

open score

each voice part gets own staff

6

closed score

tenor/ bass share; sop/ alto share

7

how far apart can voice parts be?

bass-tenor: 12th
tenor-alto: octave
alto- sop: octave

8

open position

tenor- sop= greater than an octave

9

closed position

tenor- sop= less than an octave

10

pitch

the relative highness or lowness we hear in sound measured in cycles per second (hertz), known as frequency

11

intensity

the degree of loudness or softness, amplitude, volume. More energetic frequency corresponds to a higher amplitude.

12

timbre

the tone quality that distinguishes it from other tones of the same pitch, determined by the shape of the sound waves.

13

duration

the length of time in which vibration (or silence) is maintained without interruption.

14

amplitude

musical volume, measured in decibels

15

elements of music

performing forces (types of instruments), tonality (major/ minor), texture, tempo, meter, form, purpose, dynamics

16

major 7th

major triad + major third

17

dominant 7th

major triad + minor third

18

minor 7th

minor triad + minor third

19

half diminished 7th

diminished triad + major third

20

fully diminished 7th

diminished triad + minor third

21

study baselines

study baselines

22

what do you double in root position or 2nd inversion

double the root

23

what to double in first inversion

double soprano

24

chords of natural minor

i, ii°, III, iv, v, VI, bVII

25

chords of harmonic minor

i, ii°, III+, iv V#, VII, vii°

26

chords of melodic minor

i, ii, III+, IV, V, vi°, vii°