Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (26):
middle C- G
low G- high E
below staff E- Middle C
each voice part gets own staff
tenor/ bass share; sop/ alto share
how far apart can voice parts be?
alto- sop: octave
tenor- sop= greater than an octave
tenor- sop= less than an octave
the relative highness or lowness we hear in sound measured in cycles per second (hertz), known as frequency
the degree of loudness or softness, amplitude, volume. More energetic frequency corresponds to a higher amplitude.
the tone quality that distinguishes it from other tones of the same pitch, determined by the shape of the sound waves.
the length of time in which vibration (or silence) is maintained without interruption.
musical volume, measured in decibels
elements of music
performing forces (types of instruments), tonality (major/ minor), texture, tempo, meter, form, purpose, dynamics
major triad + major third
major triad + minor third
minor triad + minor third
half diminished 7th
diminished triad + major third
fully diminished 7th
diminished triad + minor third
what do you double in root position or 2nd inversion
double the root
what to double in first inversion
chords of natural minor
i, ii°, III, iv, v, VI, bVII
chords of harmonic minor
i, ii°, III+, iv V#, VII, vii°