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Flashcards in Exam 2 (Middle Ages) Deck (20)
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1

How many years did the middle ages last?

1000 years

2

When did the middle ages begin?

It began with the collapse of the Roman empire

3

When did the Roman empire collapse?

450 AD

4

Why did they collapse?

The Visigoths invaded their empire in 410AD and cont. their reign until 1450

5

In the earlier part it was characterized by..?

Famine
Disease
Depopulation
Deurbanization
War

6

Black Death was caused by the

Bubonic Plauge

7

Why was the Middle Ages also known as the Dark Ages?

Because of the loss of classical civilization

8

In the late middle ages, what was the central role?

Churches (Holy Roman Empire)
Raiders became Catholic so they can have a bigger following

9

Did the late Middle Ages get any better?

Yes

10

What was there a resurgence of in the late middle ages?

Agriculture, Urban centers, and some universities were created.

11

Who was the Gregorian chant named after?

Pope Gregory I

12

How long was he Pope?

590 - 604

13

What elements do the Gregorian chant encompass?

Roman and Gallican chant

14

Who are the 2 important composers of the organum?

Leonin and Perotin

15

Where were they active?

Notre Dame in Paris

16

What was the first treatsie to recognize organum?

Musica Enchiriades (9th century) c.895

17

Organum Varients: Name all 3

Parallel
Contrary and Oblique motion
Free and Florid

18

Parallel

A second voice follows in parallel motion to the original chant

19

Contrary and Oblique motion

A Second voice moves in oblique or contrary motion

20

Free and Florid

In general, lower voice present sings in minimal motion while upper voices sing, fast-moving lines