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Latin II Hrs. > EXAM 2GRAMMAR > Flashcards

Flashcards in EXAM 2GRAMMAR Deck (50):
1

latin does not use an ....... to express purpose

infin

2

purpose clauses are introduced by the word ....

ut

3

necesse + est goes with ...

gerundive mood

4

-nd & -ndum

gerundive

5

they are used to descibe the result of something mentioned in the main clause

result clauses

6

trigger words...

tam, tantus, tot, adeo

result clause

7

the imperative mood is used when making a ....

direct command

8

they are expressed using a subjunctive clause introduced by ut

indirect commands

9

-statement of fact
-direct question

indicative

10

-as a noun
-complementary

infinitive

11

-direct commands

imperative

12

-adjectives

participle

13

-to show necessity

gerundive

14

-cum cluase
-purpose cause
-result clause
-indirect question
-indirect commands

subjunctive`

15

its used to express the means or instrumet used to accomplish some action

ablative of means / intrument

16

used to express the tie when something occur

ablative time of when

17

trigger words ..

hora, dies/nox, mensis, annus

abl time of when

18

it used to express the length of time some action goes on -

acc. duration of time

19

no person does them -

impersonal verbs

20

it is proper, ought -

decet

21

it is right, sould

oportet

22

it is tiring -

taedet

23

verbs that describe what the subj does

act voice

24

verbs that describe what is done to the subj

pass voice

25

what type of personal endings -

-o,-m -mus
-s -tis
-t -nt

active

26

what type of personal endings -

-r / -or -mur
-ris -mini
-tur -ntur

passive

27

these clauses simply indicate the purpose of the action in the main clause

purpose clause w/ ut

28

when we want to stress the person or thing that is performing the task, the relative pronoun is used to introduce this clause -

purpose clause by qui, quae, quod

29

when we want to stress the location where the task is being performed, the adverb ubi is used to introduce this clause -

purpose clause by ubi

30

what voice forms the perf and pluperf tense verbs

pass

31

perfect passive uses what tense -

present

32

pluperfect passive uses what tense

imperfect

33

trigger words ..
when , since , after , with

abl. absolute

34

ordering someone to do something is ...

positive command

35

ordering someone not to do something

negative command

36

postive direct commands use what mood ...

imperative

37

negative direct commands use what mood ....

infinitive

38

positive purpose clauses are introduced by ...

ut or (qui, ubi)

39

negative purpose clauses are introduced by ....

ne

40

verbs that look passive, but translated as active

deponent verbs

41

they are used to describe what a noun is about to do or going to do

future act participle

42

-ulus, -ula, -ulum

are added to a noun to make a new noun for a ..... version of the original noun

smaller

43

action that will take place in the future -

fut. act. indic

44

they use the tense indicator -bi (-b, -bu-, -ba-)

1 / 2 conjugation verbs

45

here the -i stem vowel at the pres tense is replaced by an -e-

3rd conjugation verbs

46

here an -e- is added after the -i- of the pres stem

4 conjugation verbs

47

sum uses ....

eri

48

this tense is used to indicate the action which must be completed before some other action in the future

fut. perf. act. indic.

49

pres. pass. infin is formed by replacing the final -e of the present act. infin form with an ............

-i

50

here passive personal endings are added (or, ris, tur, mur, mini, ntur)

fut. pass. indic