Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

Intro to Anthropology > Exam 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (30):
1

shared, integrated, and symbolic pattern of human knowledge
primary means for adapting to the environment
flexible and learned

Culture

2

the beliefs and ideas concerning existence and reality

World View

3

development of novel solutions to problems (both technical and conceptual)

Innovation

4

borrowing, trading, adopting

Diffusion

5

loss of a culture

Extinction

6

the increases intensification of interactions and increased movement of human culture

Globalization

7

Divergence from cultures norms

Deviance

8

cultures improve and become more civilized

Cultural Evolutionism

9

some cultures are creative while others are not
independent inventions followed by borrowing and trading

W.H.R. Rivers
(diffusionism)

10

function to satisfy biological needs
-protection satisfies safety
-activity satisfies movement
-ect...

Bronislaw Malinowski
(Functionalism)

11

each culture and history is unique

Franz Boas
(historical Particularism)

12

each culture has a distinct personality type

Ruth Benedict
(culture and personality)

13

culture is shaped by the enviornment

Julian Steward
(cultural Ecology)

14

formal description of a culture

Ethnography

15

the study of allocation, production, distribution, and consumption of resources

Economics

16

reliance on wild food resources
hunting, gathering edible and medicinal plants, fishing

Foraging

17

the herding of domesticated animals

Pastoralism

18

cycled gardens, no permanently cultivated fields

Horticulture

19

the creation of artificial ecosystems, with domesticated biota

Agriculture

20

the study of human language both past and present

Linguistic Anthropology

21

describe and preserve human language

Descriptive Linguistics

22

Human language evolution

Historical Linguistics

23

social and cultural contexts of human language

Sociolinguistics

24

a system of arbitrary symbols used to encode, communicate, and transmit culture

Language

25

regional or class variations of a language that are mutually intelligible
differences in pronunciation, accent, vocab, ect.

Dialect

26

open- infinite number of meanings can be expressed
stimulus free- we don't need to experience something to talk about it
flexible- capable of invention

human language

27

group of relatd languages that all derive from a common protolanguage

language family

28

the use of all fields of anthropology to address problems

applied anthropology

29

participant observation

cultural data gathering teqniqe:
involves- gaining trust, living with the culture, learning language, ect
document details- language, maps, politics, technology, ect

30

Cultural filters

prohibits you from fully understanding another culture due to your structured veiws