Exam 3 (Ch 7, 9, & 10) Flashcards Preview

Child Psychological Science > Exam 3 (Ch 7, 9, & 10) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3 (Ch 7, 9, & 10) Deck (157)
Loading flashcards...
1

concept

general ideas that ties things together in a meaningful way; crucial for understanding the world

2

two theories on concepts

nativists and empiricists

3

nativists

innate sensitivity to some concepts, critical for development

4

empiricists

concepts arise from general learning mechanisms

5

category

group of things in the world that go together, can be perceptual or conceptual

6

a category is

a special kind of concept

7

children for categorical hierarchies beyond infancy

superordinate, basic, and subordinate

8

superordinate

most general, not specifically tied to one object or characteristic

9

basic

middle level, 1st to develop due to consistent characteristics

10

subordinate

most specific level within a hierarchy

11

causal (intentional) understanding

understanding why things belong to a category helps children learn and make new categories

12

figuring how things in the world are _____ helps learning

alike

13

knowing what category things belong to allows kids to _____ new knowledge

infer

14

at 4 mos.

perceptual categorization

15

perceptual categorization

objects that look alike go together (color, size, movement)(based on parts rather than whole)(begins in infancy)

16

at 2 yrs.

categorize global properties, such as shape

17

all learning is _________

inference

18

(Beyond perceptual categorization) at age 1

begin to group by object function

19

at 18 mos.

focus on specific parts of objects, rather than whole object

20

at 2 yrs.

focus on overall shape and function

21

Studies with infant and children suggest that there is a __________ to __________ over development

perceptual, conceptual shift

22

infants primarily form __________ categories

perceptual

23

as children become more sophisticated

they start forming more conceptual categories

24

dead reckoning

ability to keep track continuously of one's location relative to the starting point and be able to go back to it

25

theory of mind

an organized understanding of how the mind works and how what you think influences behavior

26

dorsal stream

"where" pathway

27

ventral

"what" or "how"

28

spatial info is processed where?

both left and right hemispheres

29

the spatial coding systems are

allocentric and egocentric

30

allocentric is

object-object; encodes info about location of one object with respect to another