Flashcards in Exam 3 (Ch 7, 9, & 10) Deck (157)
general ideas that ties things together in a meaningful way; crucial for understanding the world
two theories on concepts
nativists and empiricists
innate sensitivity to some concepts, critical for development
concepts arise from general learning mechanisms
group of things in the world that go together, can be perceptual or conceptual
a category is
a special kind of concept
children for categorical hierarchies beyond infancy
superordinate, basic, and subordinate
most general, not specifically tied to one object or characteristic
middle level, 1st to develop due to consistent characteristics
most specific level within a hierarchy
causal (intentional) understanding
understanding why things belong to a category helps children learn and make new categories
figuring how things in the world are _____ helps learning
knowing what category things belong to allows kids to _____ new knowledge
at 4 mos.
objects that look alike go together (color, size, movement)(based on parts rather than whole)(begins in infancy)
at 2 yrs.
categorize global properties, such as shape
all learning is _________
(Beyond perceptual categorization) at age 1
begin to group by object function
at 18 mos.
focus on specific parts of objects, rather than whole object
at 2 yrs.
focus on overall shape and function
Studies with infant and children suggest that there is a __________ to __________ over development
perceptual, conceptual shift
infants primarily form __________ categories
as children become more sophisticated
they start forming more conceptual categories
ability to keep track continuously of one's location relative to the starting point and be able to go back to it
theory of mind
an organized understanding of how the mind works and how what you think influences behavior
"what" or "how"
spatial info is processed where?
both left and right hemispheres
the spatial coding systems are
allocentric and egocentric