Exam 3 - Skin Flashcards Preview

GM System Path 2 > Exam 3 - Skin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3 - Skin Deck (40):
1

What system is the skin a part of

Integumentary system

2

What are the skins functions

Barrier (fluid loss, UV rays), lymphocytes, antigen presenting cells

3

What vitamin is helped produced by the skin

Vitamin D

4

What layers of the epidermis is associated with pathologies

Stratum corneum, stratum basale

5

What is all the stuff that make up the skin

Adnexa

6

What macroscopic term describes flat discoloration

Macule

7

What macroscopic term describes skin elevated dome

Papule

8

What macroscopic term describes skin flat topped elevation

Plaque

9

What macroscopic term describes skin dry, horny, plate like growth

Scale

10

What macroscopic term describes skin with fluid filled area (<5mm)

Vesicle

11

What macroscopic term describes skin with a fluid filled area greater than 5 mm

Bulla

12

What macroscopic term describes skin with a raised area of edema (hive)

Wheal

13

What macroscopic term describes skin with a loss of keratinocyte adhesion

Acantholysis

14

What macroscopic term describes skin with epidermal hyperplasia

Acanthosis

15

What macroscopic term describes skin with hyperplasia of stratum corneum

Hyperkeratosis

16

What macroscopic term describes skin with intracellular epidermal edema

Spongiosis

17

What are 4 acute inflammatory dermatoses

Urticaria, acute eczematous dermatitis, erythem multiform, acne

18

What is the alternate name for urticaria

Hives/welts

19

Urticaria is mc what type of reaction

Type 1 hypersensitivity allergic reaction causing vasodilation of upper dermis

20

What skin problem is characterized by Red lesions that are rounded papules that itche (wheals)

Urticaria

21

What type of urticaria deals with common allergens

IgE dependent

22

What type of urticaria deals with ADR (opiates, antibiotics)

IgE independent

23

What age is most likley to get urticaria

Ages 20-40

24

What type of urticaria is caused from leaning/sitting, backpacks, tools

Pressure uticaria

25

What skin condition deals with excessive complement activation, dermal edema, and is inherited C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency

Hereditary angioedema

26

What type of deficiency is associated with hereditary angioedema

C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency

27

What condition is a skin rash produced from different stimuli that is itchy and has variable appearances (redness, blister, flaking)

Actue eczematous dermatitis (eczema)

28

What type of eczema produces red, vesicles, oozing, crusting

Acute

29

What type of eczema has scaling plaque

Chronic

30

What is the range of eczema

Spongiosis and hyperkeratosis

31

What type of hypersensitivities deals with eczema

Type 1 and 4

32

What can cause more trauma with eczema

Scratching

33

What type of hypersensitivity has a delayed reaction

Type 4 hypersensitivity

34

What is the most common form of eczema

Allergic contact dermatitis (type 4 hyper)

35

What type of eczema deals with CD4 and T cell sensitizaiton and is limited to the contact site

Eczema

36

What type of eczema has a genetic risk, childhood onset, family history and usually improves with age

Atopic dermatitis (eczema)

37

What is the descriptor of family history of atopy that is with eczema associated with dermatitis, asthma, rhinitis

The atopic triad

38

What is the atopic triad

Dermatitis, asthma, rhinitis

39

What is a rare skin condition that is characterized by a broad range of severity and has a red macule with a pale eroded center

Erythema multiforme

40

What condition has “targetoid” skin lesions and possible vesicles/bullae

Erythema multiforme