exam 4 Flashcards Preview

Sociology > exam 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in exam 4 Deck (54):
1

what fraction of people with just a high school degree are in poverty

1/3

2

what fraction of children in arkansas are in poverty

1/4

3

leads to greater levels of inequality
(from Paul Krugman video)

inheritance

4

how much more money do CEO's make than the average worker

380 times more

5

___% of all corporate assets are held by ___ companies

70 held by 100

6

Beeghley's monopoly example

all americans do not have the chance of achieving the American dream because unlike monopoly we do not start off at the same level

7

"go for the throat and attack the basic premises of stratification"

conflict theory

8

if we got rid of social security tomorrow, the amount of old people in poverty would go from __% to __%

12 to 50

9

top __% of population owns __% of wealth

10 owns 92

10

bottom __% of population owns __% of wealth

40 owns 0.2

11

asset poverty

bottom 20% of people in country, working poor and under class have a negative net worth meaning they owe more than they own (are in debt)

12

relative poverty

worried about food costs and having enough income, poverty line, people are poor relative to others

13

absolute poverty

no access to basic resources (food, shelter, etc.)

14

children's block example

if we have blocks representing $500 a piece, most americans would be a couple meters tall, top 1% would be as tall as Mt. Everest

15

3 things that define Socioeconomic Status

income, education, occupation

16

best indicator of social class

occupation

17

life chances

extent to which individuals have access to important societal resources such as food clothing and shelter

18

decrease in wages since 1979

26%

19

weber's 3 dimensions of stratification

wealth, power, and prestige

20

does slavery still exist? examples?

yes. debt bondage, sex trafficking

21

interlocking directorates

when one person sits on more than one board, can be bad because it consolidates power

22

another name for upper middle class

corporate class

23

intergenerational mobility

mobility across generations (daughter goes to college, gets great job, makes more money than her father ever did)

24

intragenerational mobility

mobility within a lifetime (born in to poverty, saves money, goes to college, gets a high paying job, ends up very successful)

25

what class do most people think they are a part of

middle class, 75% of people claim it

26

factors that influence who will experience poverty

race, gender, age, geographic location

27

status consistency

high end job, large income, respected in community, lots of authority

28

status inconsistency

makes a lot of money, but not with a prestigious job OR has a very prestigious job but makes hardly any money

29

how is wealth measured?

what you own minus what you owe

30

apartheid

system of segregation in South Africa that ended in the 90's, caste system (either born white or born black), kind of like Jim Crow laws but even worse

31

does inheritance still matter

yes it is a huge factor for upper upper class

32

pink collar jobs

low skill, low pay, mostly held by women, secretary and caretaker type jobs, considered working poor class (by Holyfield)

33

bourgeoisie

capitalist class, own assets and means of production

34

proletariat

working class, sell labor for wages

35

deindustrialization

tearing down of factories, moving them over seas for cheaper labor, caused a decline in middle class and an increase of low paying jobs and pink collar jobs

36

lower upper class

new money, CEOs, celebrities, 0.5%

37

factors to rank occupations? have these changed over time?

amount paid, service to humanity, education, number of people supervised; no

38

is wealth or income a better indicator of social class

wealth

39

what class does the alice and roberto example illustrate

working poor

40

fraction and number of Americans at risk of poverty

1/4, about 82 million

41

mobility in our generation vs mobility in our parents

we have lower standard of living than parents, we are less likely to have mobility

42

achieved status

something you work for and accomplish over the course of your life

43

ascribed status

something you are born in to

44

from 1% film, how do rich people get poor people to move out of a neighborhood they hope to gentrify?

build police stations, tear down public schools, and tear down basketball courts

45

% of upper middle class

14%

46

% of middle class

30%

47

% of working class

30%

48

% of working poor class

20%

49

% of under class

5%

50

% of upper upper class

1%

51

functionalist theory

some degree of social inequality is necessary for the smooth functioning of society and thus is inevitable

52

conflict theory

powerful individuals and groups use ideology to maintain their favored positions in society at the expense of others

53

symbolic interactionist theory

the beliefs and actions of people reflect their class location in society

54

social stratification

hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on their control over basic resources