exam 4 Flashcards Preview

developmental > exam 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in exam 4 Deck (38)
Loading flashcards...
1

Unified traits, integrating principles, social virtues are changes in ____________.

self concept

2

New dimensions: romantic appeal, close friends, job competency are changes in _____________.

Self esteem

3

What did Erikson call the psychological conflict of adolescences?

Identity vs. role confusion

4

What are the four identity statuses?

Identity achievement, identity foreclosure, identity moratorium, and identity diffusion

5

When you have high exploration and high commitment you get________.

Identity achievement

6

When you have high exploration and low commitment you get _____.

Identity moratorium

7

When you have low exploration and high commitment you get _______.

Identity foreclosure

8

When you have low exploration and low commitment you get _____.

Identity diffusion

9

Kohlburg emphasized that moral maturity is not about the content of the response but the way you ____________.

reason about a moral dilema

10

How do males tend to differ in friendships?

they stress justice or focus equally on both

11

How do females tend to differ in friendships?

Females tend to emphasize care

12

What type of parenting is most effective for parent adolescent relationships during social and emotional development?

warm, supportive, and balanced

13

What is a small tightly knit groups: 5–7, similar in family background, attitudes, and values and more important to girls

Clique

14

What is composed of several cliques, membership based on reputation, stereotype affiliations reflect abilities and interests (e.g., “brains,” “jocks,” “populars,” “nonconformists”) or express ethnicity.

Crowd

15

How do friendships change in adolescences?

they have less best friends, they value intimacy, understanding loyalty

16

How do dating goals change with age in early adolescence.

recreation, peer status

17

How do dating goals change with age in late adolescence?

intimacy, compatibility, social support

18

When does aging begin?

Young adulthood

19

What influences aging?

Genetic, Lifestyle, Environment, Historical period

20

What are the consequences obesity?

health, social and mental health

21

Heart disease, diabetes, various forms of cancer, early death are _________ consequences of obesity.

Health

22

Finding mates, getting housing, education aid, jobs mistreatment by family members, peers are ________ consequences of obesity

Social discrimination

23

Anxiety, depression, and lower self-esteem, which perpetuate poor eating habits are ___________ consequences of obesity.

Mental Health

24

__________ is personal effort and social experiences increase rational, flexible, and flexible ways of thinking ( start combining facts and opinions to come to your own conclusions)

Epistemic Cognition

25

_________ is moving away from hypothetical situations with increased real-world experience, specializing in ways of thinking (college majors think differently about things because of education)

Pragmatic Thought

26

__________ is emotional intelligence, increased awareness of conflicting perspectives and motivations of others.

Cognitive-Affective Complexity

27

_________ and __________ are huge influences to cognition in this time

Experience and Education

28

___________ is a psychosocial conflict that occurs during adolescence.

identity vs role confusion

29

_____________ are slowly declining for U.S. adults

cigarettes

30

Most of the cigarette decline is in ____________

college graduates