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Flashcards in Exam 5 Deck (28):
1

Addition polymer

A polymer formed by the linking together of many alkene molecules through addition reactions

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Addition reaction

Forms alkane. Breaks double bonds to form single

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Alkane

A hydrocarbon that contains only single bonds

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Alkene

A hydrocarbon containing one or more double bonds

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Alkyl halide

Aka Haloalkane
A derivative of an alkane in which one or more hydrogens are replaced by halogens

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Alkyne

A hydrocarbon containing one or more triple bonds

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Aromatic hydrocarbon

Any organic compound that contains the characteristic benzene ring or similar feature

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Combustion

Oxygen reacts
H20 and CO2 are products

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Covalent bond

The attractive force that results between two atoms that are both attracted to a shared pair of electrons

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Cycloalkane

An alkane in which carbon atoms form a ring

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Halogenation

a chemical reaction that involves the addition of one or more halogens to a compound or material.

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Hydration

The addition of water to a multiple bond

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Hydrocarbon

An organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen

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Hydrogenation

A reaction in which the addition of hydrogen takes place

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Hydrohalogenation

is the electrophilic addition of hydrohalic acids like hydrogen chloride or hydrogen bromide to alkenes to yield the corresponding haloalkanes.

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Ionic bond

The attractive force that holds together ions of opposite charge

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Isomer

A molecule with the same formula but different arrangement of atoms

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Organic chem/compound

Study/compound that’s carbon containing

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Phenyl

A benzene ring w/ one hydrogen absent
C6H5-

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Saturated hydrocarbon

Another name for alkane

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Saturated solution

Max amount of dissolved solute in a stable situation

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Substitution

also known as single displacement reaction or single substitution reaction) is a chemical reaction during which one functional group in a chemical compound is replaced by another functional group.

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Unsaturated hydrocarbon

A hydrocarbon containing one or more multiple bonds

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Organic chemistry

The study of carbon containing compounds

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Amorphous

No definite structure ‘soot’

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Graphite

Layered sheets of rings

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Diamond

Tetrahedral

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Spherical

Combination of rings