Exam 5 Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 5 Review Deck (50):
1

Which form of DM has a sudden onset?

Type 1

2

T/F DKA could develop in a stable diabetic with an infection--

True

3

T/F Polyuria and polydypsia have to do with osmotic effect of high insulin levels moving
through kidneys--

True

4

Central obesity with high triglycerides and low HDL is what disease?

Metabolic Sydnrome

5

Coffee grounds emesis bleeding from what organ--

stomach

6

McBurney’s point diagnoses what?

Appendicitis

7

NSAIDs and Aspirin use is commonly associated with what?

acute gastritis

8

T/F A baby can be born with both esophageal atresia and tracheal fistula--

True

9

T/F A complication of chronic gastritis is pernicious anemia--

True

10

T/F H. Pylori is a beneficial bacteria in the large intestine--

False

11

T/F Irritable bowel syndrome is more frequent in men than women--

False

12

T/F A bowel volvulus can result in necrosis--

True

13

Barrett Esophagus commonly associated with long term what?

Acid Reflux

14

Which begins in the rectum and spreads proximally in a continuous pattern?

Ulcerative Colitis

15

Which disease has danger of perforation and fistula formation?

Ulcerative Colitis

16

Which Hepatitis most common for liver transplant?

Hep C

17

Esophageal Varices most commonly cause what?

Frank bleeding

18

T/F A ruptured diverticulum can cause peritonitis--

True

19

T/F The pancreas is easy to palpate and detect cancers--

True

20

T/F Alcoholic liver disease characterized by fatty liver is reversible--

True

21

T/F Portal hypertension is responsible for serious complications with cirrhosis of the
liver--

False

22

45 year old overweight woman. Recurrent episodes RUQ pain particularly after eating. Urine looks like darker than usual. Stool is gray. What is your diagnosis?

Hepatitis

23

Two cardinal signs of bowel obstruction:

abdominal pain and hypoactive bowel sounds

24

One complication of peritonitis:

ascites

25

Two dietary preventions of colon cancer:

fiber and antioxidants

26

People with Type 1 diabetes who exercise are at increased risk of what:

hypoglycemia

27

Diabetic retinopathy characterized by retinal:

hemorrhaging

28

DKA common in Type 1 diabetics when mobilization of ______ causes excessive ketones:

fatty acids

29

Hospital patient Type 1 diabetic has a scheduled dose of insulin. What effect results from the insulin?

Promotion of glucose uptake by cells

30

Patient with Type 2 diabetes has high blood sugar levels after emergency surgery. Why?

Cortisol

31

44 year old obese man. Newly diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. What pathophysiological process occurred to give him his Type 2?

Beta cells exhausted from long standing
insulin resistance

32

Which assessment findings of a male patient yields metabolic syndrome diagnosis?

Central obesity, low HDL, high LDL, hypertension, DIabetes

33

Major causes of mechanical bowel obstruction include

postoperative adhesions

34

Hospital patient. Increasingly fatigued. Nurse finds him unarousable. Glucose level is 22. What should she give him?

50% glucose IV

35

What signs and symptoms suggest needing an endoscopy to rule out esophageal cancer?

Dysphagia with no history of neuro disease

36

C Diff. Which patient is at greatest risk?

Pt on spectrum antibiotics

37

66 year old woman with diverticular disease of the colon. What should she do?

Eat more fiber and exercise

38

Major factor in developing hepatic encephalopathy:

high levels of ammonia

39

20 year old man with appendicitis. What entologic process helped the development of appendicitis?

obstruction of the intestinal lumen

40

Factors that contribute to gallstone formation:

abnormal amount of stasis or bile

41

Which patient should a nurse observe closely for symptoms of paralytic ileus?

Post op day 1 after surgery

42

Acute pancreatitis can cause _______ of surrounding tissues:

autodigestion

43

16 year old girl in ER. She attempted suicide, eating 2000 mg of Tylenol. She’s at severe risk of

acute fulminant hepatitis

44

Which individual is most likely to develop chronic pancreatitis?

Woman who has 8 alcoholic drinks a night

45

Nurse providing care for pancreatic cancer patient should prioritize what assessments?

DVT

46

Man positive for Hep A. How could it have been prevented?

Vaccines

47

If you have liver injury. Which serum levels…?

Albumin

48

Individual with liver disease with excessive ammonia. How does liver process ammonia in healthy people?

Convert it into urea

49

Abnormally high bilirubin causes:

jaundice

50

Which comorbidity is the greatest risk for diabetic foot ulcers?

Distal symmetric neuropathy