Flashcards in Exam 5 Review Deck (50):
Which form of DM has a sudden onset?
T/F DKA could develop in a stable diabetic with an infection--
T/F Polyuria and polydypsia have to do with osmotic effect of high insulin levels moving
Central obesity with high triglycerides and low HDL is what disease?
Coffee grounds emesis bleeding from what organ--
McBurney’s point diagnoses what?
NSAIDs and Aspirin use is commonly associated with what?
T/F A baby can be born with both esophageal atresia and tracheal fistula--
T/F A complication of chronic gastritis is pernicious anemia--
T/F H. Pylori is a beneficial bacteria in the large intestine--
T/F Irritable bowel syndrome is more frequent in men than women--
T/F A bowel volvulus can result in necrosis--
Barrett Esophagus commonly associated with long term what?
Which begins in the rectum and spreads proximally in a continuous pattern?
Which disease has danger of perforation and fistula formation?
Which Hepatitis most common for liver transplant?
Esophageal Varices most commonly cause what?
T/F A ruptured diverticulum can cause peritonitis--
T/F The pancreas is easy to palpate and detect cancers--
T/F Alcoholic liver disease characterized by fatty liver is reversible--
T/F Portal hypertension is responsible for serious complications with cirrhosis of the
45 year old overweight woman. Recurrent episodes RUQ pain particularly after eating. Urine looks like darker than usual. Stool is gray. What is your diagnosis?
Two cardinal signs of bowel obstruction:
abdominal pain and hypoactive bowel sounds
One complication of peritonitis:
Two dietary preventions of colon cancer:
fiber and antioxidants
People with Type 1 diabetes who exercise are at increased risk of what:
Diabetic retinopathy characterized by retinal:
DKA common in Type 1 diabetics when mobilization of ______ causes excessive ketones:
Hospital patient Type 1 diabetic has a scheduled dose of insulin. What effect results from the insulin?
Promotion of glucose uptake by cells
Patient with Type 2 diabetes has high blood sugar levels after emergency surgery. Why?
44 year old obese man. Newly diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. What pathophysiological process occurred to give him his Type 2?
Beta cells exhausted from long standing
Which assessment findings of a male patient yields metabolic syndrome diagnosis?
Central obesity, low HDL, high LDL, hypertension, DIabetes
Major causes of mechanical bowel obstruction include
Hospital patient. Increasingly fatigued. Nurse finds him unarousable. Glucose level is 22. What should she give him?
50% glucose IV
What signs and symptoms suggest needing an endoscopy to rule out esophageal cancer?
Dysphagia with no history of neuro disease
C Diff. Which patient is at greatest risk?
Pt on spectrum antibiotics
66 year old woman with diverticular disease of the colon. What should she do?
Eat more fiber and exercise
Major factor in developing hepatic encephalopathy:
high levels of ammonia
20 year old man with appendicitis. What entologic process helped the development of appendicitis?
obstruction of the intestinal lumen
Factors that contribute to gallstone formation:
abnormal amount of stasis or bile
Which patient should a nurse observe closely for symptoms of paralytic ileus?
Post op day 1 after surgery
Acute pancreatitis can cause _______ of surrounding tissues:
16 year old girl in ER. She attempted suicide, eating 2000 mg of Tylenol. She’s at severe risk of
acute fulminant hepatitis
Which individual is most likely to develop chronic pancreatitis?
Woman who has 8 alcoholic drinks a night
Nurse providing care for pancreatic cancer patient should prioritize what assessments?
Man positive for Hep A. How could it have been prevented?
If you have liver injury. Which serum levels…?
Individual with liver disease with excessive ammonia. How does liver process ammonia in healthy people?
Convert it into urea
Abnormally high bilirubin causes: