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1

What are the 10 compositional techniques

rule of odds
rule of thirds
rule of space
worms eye
birds eye
dutch angle
symmetrical balance
leading lines
point of power
framing

2

what is rule of odds

groups of 3,5,etc... frame subject with even number of elements

3

what is rule of thirds

subject is along one of the lines, horizontally or vertically

4

what is rule of space

leave some negative space for your subject to look, walk, run into

5

what is worms eye view

pic taken from below looking up-- this can make the subject look powerful or threatening

6

what is birds eye view

pic from above looking down-- this can make the subject look weak or fragile

7

what is dutch angle

pic taken on an angle-- gives a feeling of tension or uneasiness; out of balance/unrest

8

what is symmetrical balance

equal distribution on either side

9

what is leading lines

interesting lines leading to the subject

10

what is point o fpower

intersecting lines from the rule of thirds

11

what is framing your subject

your subject needs to be "framed"... window or doorway or tree, etc.. draws attention to the subjects

12

what are the elements of design

line, shop/form, space, texture, value colour

13

what are the principles of design

dominance, balance, contrast, movement/rhythm, pattern/repetition, unity

14

what is aperture

your aperture opens up and lets more light into the camera sensor

15

what do the aperture numbers mean

f1.5 is big and has a very shallow depth of field, f16 is very small and has a very large depth of field

16

what is a contact sheet

a sheet made that has all the pictures you have taken displayed on it

17

what is cropping

reducing the size of an image to get rid of edges that are unwanted

18

what is a digital image

electronic snapshots taken of a scene or scanned from documents, such as photographs, manuscripts, printed texts, and artwork. The digital image is sampled and mapped as a grid of dots or picture elements (pixels)

19

what is exposure

exposure is the amount of light reaching a photographic film or electronic image sensor,

20

how do you adjust exposure

determined by shutter speed, lens aperture and scene luminance

21

what is a JPEG

a format for compressing image files

22

what is RAW

A camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of either a digital camera, image scanner, or motion picture film scanner. Raw files are named so because they are not yet processed and therefore are not ready to be printed or edited

23

what are pixles

a minute area of illumination on a display screen, one of many from which an image is composed.

24

what is natural lighting

lighting that comes from the sun and not artificial lighting

25

what is overexposure

overexposure is a term used to describe the process of exposing film to too much light, which results in the photograph being too bright. In digital photography, where there is no film, overexposure refers to a white-looking or washed-out image (overexposed image)

26

what is resolution

Digital cameras are identified based on their resolution, which is measured in megapixels. This term is simply a measure of how many millions of pixels the camera's image sensor captures to produce the digital image. The more megapixels a camera captures, the more information it gathers

27

what is focus

when the subject is clear and not blurry

28

what is bokeh

aesthetic quality of the blur produced in the out-of-focus parts of an image produced by a lens. Bokeh has been defined as "the way the lens renders out-of-focus points of light"

29

what is noise

commonly-used term to describe visual distortion. It looks similar to grain found in film photographs, but can also look like splotches of discoloration when it's really bad, and can ruin a photograph. Noise tends get worse when you're shooting in low light.

30

how can noise be reduced

adjust ISO