Exam \ Flashcards Preview

Grade 12 Photography > Exam \ > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam \ Deck (76)
Loading flashcards...

What are the 10 compositional techniques

rule of odds
rule of thirds
rule of space
worms eye
birds eye
dutch angle
symmetrical balance
leading lines
point of power


what is rule of odds

groups of 3,5,etc... frame subject with even number of elements


what is rule of thirds

subject is along one of the lines, horizontally or vertically


what is rule of space

leave some negative space for your subject to look, walk, run into


what is worms eye view

pic taken from below looking up-- this can make the subject look powerful or threatening


what is birds eye view

pic from above looking down-- this can make the subject look weak or fragile


what is dutch angle

pic taken on an angle-- gives a feeling of tension or uneasiness; out of balance/unrest


what is symmetrical balance

equal distribution on either side


what is leading lines

interesting lines leading to the subject


what is point o fpower

intersecting lines from the rule of thirds


what is framing your subject

your subject needs to be "framed"... window or doorway or tree, etc.. draws attention to the subjects


what are the elements of design

line, shop/form, space, texture, value colour


what are the principles of design

dominance, balance, contrast, movement/rhythm, pattern/repetition, unity


what is aperture

your aperture opens up and lets more light into the camera sensor


what do the aperture numbers mean

f1.5 is big and has a very shallow depth of field, f16 is very small and has a very large depth of field


what is a contact sheet

a sheet made that has all the pictures you have taken displayed on it


what is cropping

reducing the size of an image to get rid of edges that are unwanted


what is a digital image

electronic snapshots taken of a scene or scanned from documents, such as photographs, manuscripts, printed texts, and artwork. The digital image is sampled and mapped as a grid of dots or picture elements (pixels)


what is exposure

exposure is the amount of light reaching a photographic film or electronic image sensor,


how do you adjust exposure

determined by shutter speed, lens aperture and scene luminance


what is a JPEG

a format for compressing image files


what is RAW

A camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of either a digital camera, image scanner, or motion picture film scanner. Raw files are named so because they are not yet processed and therefore are not ready to be printed or edited


what are pixles

a minute area of illumination on a display screen, one of many from which an image is composed.


what is natural lighting

lighting that comes from the sun and not artificial lighting


what is overexposure

overexposure is a term used to describe the process of exposing film to too much light, which results in the photograph being too bright. In digital photography, where there is no film, overexposure refers to a white-looking or washed-out image (overexposed image)


what is resolution

Digital cameras are identified based on their resolution, which is measured in megapixels. This term is simply a measure of how many millions of pixels the camera's image sensor captures to produce the digital image. The more megapixels a camera captures, the more information it gathers


what is focus

when the subject is clear and not blurry


what is bokeh

aesthetic quality of the blur produced in the out-of-focus parts of an image produced by a lens. Bokeh has been defined as "the way the lens renders out-of-focus points of light"


what is noise

commonly-used term to describe visual distortion. It looks similar to grain found in film photographs, but can also look like splotches of discoloration when it's really bad, and can ruin a photograph. Noise tends get worse when you're shooting in low light.


how can noise be reduced

adjust ISO