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Flashcards in Extra practice? Deck (71):
1

Definition of wolrdview

A worldview is a network of ultimate beliefs, assumptions, values, and ideas about the universe and our place in it that shapes how a person understands their life and experiences

2

Left wing

-associated with egalitarianism
-popular or state control of the major institutions of political and economic life
-term from 1790s, French socialist representatives sat left
-hostile to traditional elites, including wealthy and members of aristocracy
-favour interests of working class
-social welfare as most important
-communism is radical leftist ideology

3

Right

-associated with conservative
-c.1790 French conservatives sat right
-19th cent. term applied to conservatives who supported authority, tradition, and property
-fascism is radical rightist ideology

4

Authoritarianism

A principle of blind submission to authority, as opposed to individual freedom of thought and action

5

Libertarianism

A political philosophy that takes individual liberty to be primary political value.

6

Characteristics of the Left

-Supports legal marijuana (lit)
-Defence budget should be cut
-Bigger government
-Business regulation
-Free market not fair
-Equality
-Society freedom

7

Characteristics of the Right

-Supports strong defence
-Free market
-Smaller government
-Lower taxes
-Traditional value
-Liberty
-Individual freedom

8

Definition of language families

a group of languages that likely evolved from a common language

9

Definition of dialects

Variations of a language used by groups of speakers who are often regionally or socially based.

10

Definition of treaty

An agreement. Treaties are written to have the government recognize its responsibilities toward Aboriginal people in the areas of social, educational, and economic concerns

11

Definition of repatriate

To bring back something that was taken out of a country

12

Definition of consensus

group agreement obtained through a process of dialogue and discussion

13

This term loosely translated means "their existence is here"

Indigenous

14

The text indicates that traditional First Peoples' view of the land was

In relationship with the land as caretakers

15

"Life" was best described as ___ in a traditional First People worldview

Interconnected or holistic

16

_____ is/are to First Peoples' past as documentation is to traditional European past

Oral tradition

17

All world views have a _____

Creation Myth

18

First Peoples originally identified themselves through

Totemic images

19

First Peoples arrived to North and South America via

The Bering Strait Land Bridge and perhaps other means

20

Most First Peoples' languages are:

Connection and relationship based

21

Elders of the First Peoples are perceived as:

Natural leaders in the community to whom people turn to for advice

22

What is the description that best suits the First Nations concept of justice?

Let's talk this through and fix the problem within the community

23

What were the coureurs de bois?

Unlicensed inland fur traders

24

Radisson and Groseilliers, brothers-in-law, were:

Allies of England (even though they were French) who were sponsored for inlander trade exploration by Prince Rupert

25

Based on the success of the Nonsuch voyage to the Hudson Bay area, King Charles II:

Granted a charter for the creation of the Hudson Bay Company

26

Officially, Rupert's Land was:

The drainage basin of the Hudson Bay

27

Indentured Servants were:

People who agreed to work for the HBC for 7-9 years

28

An important individual to the northern development of what is now Manitoba was named:

Henry Kelsey

29

The Ininimowin (Swampy Cree) were:

Avid traders and supporters of the Hudson Bay Company

30

Two events that encouraged the Northwest expansion by the French were

Haudenosaunee Wars; Creation of the Hudson Bay Company

31

The "custom of the country" was:

French traders taking First Nation wives, in time creating a new culture known as Metis

32

In 1770 an organized attempt was made to rival the Hudson Bay Company. It as known as;

The Northwest Company - a Montreal based organization

33

Much of the colonization of North America that has taken place because of

Greed

34

Frobisher's exploration of the New World was largely to:

Seek fame and fortune

35

European contact with the Indigenous Peoples:

Was peaceful at first and then violent

36

The Indigenous peoples of the Northwest of Canada were different than many other groupings in Canada in the following way:

They lived in a permanent living arrangement

37

Numbered Treaties, post-1867, were designed to:

Acquire land for political gain in Canada

38

Donald Trump would represent the following political ideology:

Right Wing Libertarian

39

The Indigenous peoples eventually made alliances with Europeans for the following reason:

Trade in exchange for military support

40

Halifax Explosion?

1917.
-Mont Blanc and IMO crash into one another
-War munitions were on board and exploded
-Levelled the northwest of Halifax
-1500 dead; 9000 injured
-Largest explosion in history prior to Japan WWII

41

Pier 21 Halifax

Majority of immigrants arrived via steamship and the Ports of Halifax and St. John

42

WWI - The Great War: 1914-1918

-The Great War did not directly impact Canada at first
-Eventually men were encouraged to go and fight for the cause, under the Union Jack
-War was actually romanticized at first. Propaganda became commonplace

43

Canada's involvement in WWI

-Vimy Ridge- fought with courage and took charge of operations and claimed the victory after a long stalemate
-Led by British General (Sir) Julian Byng; Brigadier General Arthur Currie
-"In those few minutes," said Canadian Brigadier-General A.E. Ross of the victory, "I witnessed the birth of a nation."

44

WWI Canada by the Numbers

Population: 6 000 000
Soldiers: 600 000
Deaths: 61 000
Wounded: 174 000
Shell shock: 9 000

45

Winnipeg General Strike

Year 1919. Unemployment, inflation, the Bolshevik Revolution, Industrial Unionism (first of its kind in Canada) post-war labour unrest led to 30 000 people walking off their jobs to protest. 30 injured 1 dead. Bloody Saturday

46

Japanese Internment Camps

-Property was confiscated and all people were put into camps as if prisoners
-Apology issued by Prime Minister Mulroney along with compensation

47

Lester B. Pearson and Pierre Elliot Trudeau are ____

Liberals

48

John Diefenbaker and Brian Mulroney are _____

Conservative

49

Jean Chretien is _____

Liberal

50

Stephen Harper is _____

Conservative

51

Definition of political deadlock

A situation in which government decisions are prevented by opposing sides by refusing to compromise

52

Definition of "rep by pop"

Representation by population; a system of democratic government in which representation in the legislature is distributed according to population

53

Definition of Confederation

(1867) the political union of British North American Colonies

54

Definition of American Civil War

(1861-1865) the war in which a group of southern states tried to secede from the United States

55

Definition of Manifest Destiny

a popular belief held among Americans in the 19th century that their country had a right to control North America

56

Definition of annexation

The incorporation of a foreign territory into another

57

Definition of Fenians

A group of Irish immigrants in North America dedicated to the freedom of Ireland from British control

58

Definition of reciprocity

The basis of a trade agreements between countries involving an exchange of benefits

59

Definition of federation

More than one level of government

60

Definition of British North American Act

(1867) legislation passed by the British parliament that formed the Constitution of the Dominion of Canada

61

Definition of enfranchisement

The right to vote; used by the Government of Canada

62

Definition of constitutional monarchy

A country with a monarch as the head of state whose power is limited by the country's constitution

63

Definition of prorogue

To suspend Parliament temporarily

64

Equality

-Each person same treatment
-Each person same amount of something
-Systematic division of something into equal parts

65

Equity

-Recognizes not everyone has the same needs
-Focuses on fairness and justice
-Takes into account past injustices; positions of privilege; barriers to well-being

66

Year of Plains of Abraham

1759

67

Year of Conquest of NF

1760

68

Year of Treaty of Paris

1763

69

Year of Quebec Act

1774

70

Year of Declaration of Independence

1776

71

Year of Constitutional Act

1791