Eye Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Eye Disorders Deck (31):
1

diplopia

double vision

2

glaucoma

causes damage to the optic nerve and loss of vision. increased intraocular pressure is the primary risk factor

3

myopia

nearsightedness

4

hyperopia

farsightedness

5

astigmatism

abnormal curvature of the cornea or lens

6

strabismus

lazy eye

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exotropia

one eye turns outward

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esotropia

one eye turns inward

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hypertropia

one eye turns upward

10

amblyopia

lazy eye - caused by strabismus

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presbyopia

reduced ability to focus on close objects due to advanced age

12

amaurosis fugax

sudden temporary blindness in one eye

13

blepharoptosis

drooping of the upper eyelid usually associated with aging

14

xerophthalmia

dry eyes, often a result of vitamin A deficiency

15

chalazion

cystic structure caused by blockage of the meibomian glands

16

hordeolum or stye

acute abscess or bacterial infection of eyelid that causes redness, irritation, and foreign body sensation

17

xanthelasma

mass consisting of yellowish plaques underneath the skin of the eyelid

18

pterygium

benign growth of the conjuntiva of the eye

19

blepharitis

generalized inflammation along the edge of the eyelid at the eyelash. depicted by white, flaky patches of skin

20

ectropion

outward curling of the eyelid away from the globe causing constant uncontrolled tearing

21

entropion

inward curling of the eyelid toward the globe

22

conjunctivitis

pink eye

23

scleritis

inflammation of the sclera

24

anisocoria

pupils unequal in size

25

cataract

degenerative disease characterized by clouding of the lens

26

keratitis

inflammation of the cornea

27

keratoconus

degenerative disorder in which the cornea becomes cone-shaped

28

macular degeneration

photosensitive cells in the macular malfunction

29

diabetic retinopathy

dilation and hemorrhaging of blood vessels in diabetics

30

retinitis pigmentosa

progressive genetic disorder of the retina. includes tunnel vision preceded by night blindness and eventual blindness

31

retinal detachment

state in which retina detached from choroid and supportive tissues