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Flashcards in Family Policy Deck (161)
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1

What are the three ways the family is a unit of reproduction

Emotional support
Socialisation
Physical care

2

What did parsons say about understanding families

Family exists for the socialisation of children and emotional and psychological support for adults - especially male workers

The family has become the isolated nuclear family

Different family members have different functions

3

What are Marxist critiques of the functionalist view of the family

The family supports capitalist society
Domestic labour debate - housewife as cheap labour
The family as an oppressive institution

4

What are feminist critique of the functionalist view of the family

Public/private divide - split between the public domains (makes) and the private domain (females)
The 'black box' - hidden nature of the family, cannot make assumptions about what is inside without opening the box and looking inside
Gender and power - the family as a site of unequal gender power relationships

5

What are the two ways the family is an economic unit

Unit of consumption
Unit of production

6

What are the three functions of the family

Reproductive unit
Economic unit
Ideological unit

7

Who states that 'the major significance of the family in Britain today is ideological'. The family is seen as 'naturally give and as socially and morally desirable

Barrett and mcintosh

8

What did Wilmott and Young study and find out

Studied families in east London
Found they still relied heavily on extended families

9

What did Morgan look at in 'family practices

Meanings in family life
Active rather than passive
Nature of family relationships and family negotiations
Family moralities

10

Who said 'family is a facet of social life, not a social institution, it represents a quality rather than a thing'

Morgan

11

Who spoke about the pure relationship

Giddens

12

What is defined as 'a situation where a relationship is entered into for its own sake, for what can be derived by each person from a sustained association with another, and which is continued only in so far as it is thought by both parties to deliver enough satisfaction for each individual to stay within it

The pure relationship

13

What are the three types of love Giddens talked about

Economic love
Romantic love
Confluent love

14

What did Giddens mean by economic love

Marriages were contracted on economic circumstances

15

What did Giddens mean by romantic love

The search for the life time partner, the soul mate

16

How did Giddens describe Confluent love

Active, contingent and democratic

17

How did Smart and Neale criticise the pure relationship

Doesn't deal with the difficulties of separating and moving on
The nuclear family ideal is backed up by very powerful institutional structures
Moving from one partner to another ignores the effect on children
Having children makes relationships more complex on all levels including emotional and financial

18

How did Jamieson criticise the pure relationship

If these changes had really taken place we would have seen a much greater transformation in social divisions and inequalities
Evidence suggests that pure relationships are at best only possible for the lucky few
Pure relationships do not allow for the very messy and asymmetric character of people's real lives

19

What did beck and beck-gernsheim say about relationships

Increasing individualisation
Social fear of risk
Trying to find security in a precarious environment
The search for the right way to live

20

What did beck and beck-gernsheim say about love

Provides us with a sense of personal validity and worth
Depends on an active agent, making choices
Is not justified on formal or traditional lines but on emotional and individual ones
Is founded on itself
Is security
Is a blank that lovers must fill in
Requires consent not force
Is ultimately subjective

21

What did beck and beck-gernsheim say there is instead of stability and security

More changes and uncertainty
Fore fluidity and choice
But potentially more fragile

22

What are the two types of biography beck and beck gernsheim spoke about

Standard biography
Choice biography

23

What did beck and beck gernsheim mean by standard biography

Jobs for life
Marriage
Religion

24

What did beck and beck gernsheim mean by choice biography

Individuals seek to construct their own lives through individual choices

25

How did Smart and Shipman criticise beck and beck-gernsheim

Bleak and pessimistic
Focus on the push and pull factors
Marginalise difference
Monochrome and one dimensional
If you look at qualitative research with families you see that there is considerable diversity

26

What did Gross say about regulative tradition

Involves threats of exclusion from various moral communities
Individual groups such as gays and lesbians have managed to break away from regulative traditions
Regulative traditions are in decline

27

Who spoke about regulative tradition

Gross

28

Who said these things:
Family exists for the socialisation of children and emotional and psychological support for adults - especially male workers
The family has become the isolated nuclear family
Different family members have different functions

Parsons

29

Who studied families in east London and found they still relied heavily on extended families

Wilmott and Young

30

Who spoke about romantic, economic and Confluent love

Giddens