Flashcards in Fast Facts Deck (14):
List the major white wine grapes in order of texture, tannin, color and ageability from less/lighter to more/full-bodied.
Riesling > Sauvignon Blanc > Chardonnay
List the major red wine grapes in order of texture, tannin, color and ageability from less/lighter to more/full-bodied.
Gamay > Pinot Noir > Tempranillo > Sangiovese > Merlot > Zinfandel > Cabernet Sauvignon > Nebbiolo > Syrah/Shiraz
Vitis vinum is latin for:
Vitis - vine; Vinum - wine
Tell me about the parts of a grape.
Stem - usually discarded. Skin - contains the color and tannins that create red wines. Flesh - contains acids, sugars and water. Seeds - contain tannins.
What are the three main sources of flavor in wine?
Grapes, Fermentation, Maturation and Aging.
How long ago did planting of vineyards for winemaking begin and where?
More than 8,000 years ago near the Black Sea in such places as Georgia.
When are vines typically planted and how long can they produce good-quality grapes?
Planted during dormant period (April, May); 40 years or more.
When will a newly planted vine produce grapes suitable for winemaking?
Usually not until the third year.
Do red or white grapes require a longer growing season?
Red - and thus are planted in warmer regions.
On average, how many days between a vine's flowering and the harvest?
How many bottles of wine can be produced annually from one grapevine?
How many bottles of wine can be produced annually from a ton of grapes?
How many bottles of wine can be produced annually from an acre of grapevines?