FCRA Flashcards Preview

CRCM > FCRA > Flashcards

Flashcards in FCRA Deck (82):
1

T/F: FCRA affects more than just credit.

True. FCRA also affects deposit accounts, insurance, employment and child support.

2

What is a consumer report?

Any written or oral communication bearing on a consumer's individual creditworthiness or general reputation that is collected to establish the consumer's eligibility for:
- Credit or insurance to be used for personal, family, or household purposes
- Employment purposes
- Any other authorized purposes

3

Is a report containing information about the transactions or experiences between the consumer and the person making the report considered a consumer report?

No

4

CRAs, among other responsibilities, must purge obsolete information and report negative credit information for no longer than __ years and bankruptcies for no longer than __ years unless the information is related to credit or insurance for more than $___.

7
10
$150,000

5

Before procuring a consumer report for ______ purposes, the ______ must disclose to the individual in writing and obtain written authorization that a consumer report may be obtained.

Employment
Employer

6

When is an AAN provided under FCRA?

When information from the CRA contributes in whole or in part to take adverse action against the consumer, such as
- a denial of consumer credit or insurance
- the refusal to open a checking account
- an adverse change in terms of consumer credit or insurance such as refusing to renew a policy, credit card, or line of credit.
- the denial of employment

7

If information from a CRA was used to make the adverse action decision, what 4 things must the user disclose?

- The CRA's name, address and telephone number
- Statement that the CRA did not make the decision
- Statement that the consumer has the right to obtain a free copy of their consumer credit report within 60 days
- Inform the consumer of the right to dispute the accuracy or completeness of any info contained in the credit report.

8

If credit information received from a 3rd party (not a CRA) including an affiliate, is used to make the AA, the user must:
- Notify the consumer of the action, including a statement that the consumer may obtain the info if it is requested within __ days after transmittal of the notice
- On the receipt of a request for the info by the consumer, disclose to the consumer the nature of the information on which the action is based within __ days of receipt of the request

60
30

9

If the employer uses a credit report in whole or in part to make an adverse employment decision, what two things must the user provide to the consumer?

A copy of the report and a description of the consumer's rights under FCRA

10

Notice of address discrepancy is a notice informing a user that a consumer address supplied by the user in its request for a report is _____ ______ from one in the consumer's file at the CRA.

substantially different

11

T/F: After receiving an accurate address (from an address discrepancy), the user must notify the CRA of the accurate address as a part of the information the user regularly reports to the CRA for the reporting period.

T

12

Under red flag requirements, these are accounts that involve continuing relationships established for personal, family or household purposes that involve or are designed to permit multiple payments or transactions, including credit cards, mortgages, checking accounts, savings accounts, utility accounts and phone accounts.

Covered accounts

13

T/F: Banks are required to perform risk assessments and maintain an identity theft program under FCRA.

T

14

T/F: Staff training is a required element of an identity theft program.

T

15

Issuers of debit and credit cards must implement reasonable policies and procedures to assess the validity of changes of address if they receive a change of address for a consumer's debit or credit card within a short period of time (during at least the first __ days after receiving the notice) the issuer receives a request for a replacement or an additional card.

30

16

Any communication required must be sent to the cardholder _____ from the issuer's regular correspondence with the cardholder.

Separately

17

When is a risk-based pricing noticed required?

Anytime a credit report is used in connection with an application for consumer purpose credit and anyone who grants credit on terms that are materially less favorable than the most favorable terms offered to consumers by that person.

18

Is the bank required to provide a RBPN to business customers?

No, business credit is excluded

19

What are material terms for open-end credit?

The APR required to be disclosed under Reg Z, but not a temporarily discounted APR that is lower than the APR that will apply after the temp rate expires, a penalty APR or a fixed rate option APR.

20

What are the material terms if credit doesn't have an APR?

the material term is the term that varies based on credit information and that has the most significant impact on the customers (such as a required deposit or membership fee)

21

What are the material terms for closed-end credit?

The APR required to be disclosed under Reg Z

22

What are the material terms for a credit card?

The APR for purchases, or if there is no APR for purchases, the APR that varies based on credit information that has the most significant financial impact on the customer.

23

What does "materially less favorable" mean?

With respect to the same lender, the material terms granted to one consumer differ from the material terms granted to another consumer and the cost of credit to the first consumer would be significantly greater than the cost of credit to the other consumer.

24

What is a cutoff score?

The score representing the point of which 40% of the lenders borrowers have higher scores and 60% have lower scores.

25

How often does the cutoff score have to be recalculated?

No less often than every two years

26

If a lender uses the cutoff score to provide a RBPB, what does the creditor do if the consumer has no score?

It must provide a RBPN to that consumer

27

A person using secondary source method based on market research or using the method of another party due to a merger or acquisition must base the cutoff score on its own customer data within _ ____.

1 year

28

In this method, lenders set the material terms of credit by placing consumers within discrete pricing tiers based on the consumer's credit report and provide a RBPN to all consumers who are not in the top tier(s).

The tiered pricing method

29

If a lender uses the tiered pricing method, if there are __ or fewer pricing tiers, consumers in all tiers except the top tier (lowest price) must be provided with RBPNs.

4

30

If a lender uses the tiered pricing method, if there are __ or more pricing tiers, consumers in all tiers except the top two tiers must be provided with RBPNs, so long as it comprises no less than the top __% but no more than the top __% of the top # of tiers.

5
30%
40%

31

Credit card issuers may use the credit score proxy or tiered pricing method or may do what if the consumer is responding to a direct mail application or solicitation?

Provide a RBPN and provide the consumer with an APR that is greater than the lowest rate that has been provided on the credit card product based on a consumer report.

32

Is a credit card issuer required to provide a RBPN if the issuer's program offers only one rate or if the issuer offers the consumer the lowest APR on the program?

No.

The issuer doesn't need to provide a RBPN if the program offers only one rate (not including the temporary discounted rate or a penalty rate) or if the issuer offers the consumer the lowest APR available on the program, even if there is a lower APR offered by the issuer on ANOTHER card program.

33

T/F: A RBPN doesn't have to be provided to the consumer when a lender uses a consumer report in the review of an existing account and as a result, increases the APR on the account.

F. A RBPN must be provided.

34

The RBPN must contain a statement that federal law gives the consumer the right to requires a copy of the consumer report without charge for __ days after receiving the notice.

60

35

The RBPN must note the key factors that adversely affected the credit score, which can't exceed __ key factors, except that if one of the key factors is the number of inquiries made, then the number of key factors can't exceed __.

4
5

36

If a lender conducts a review of an account and provides a RBPN, what additional statements must be made in the disclosure?

- That the lender has conducted a review of the account using the consumer's credit history, and
- That as a result, the consumer's APR has been increased

37

When must the RBPN be delivered for contemporaneous purchases (instant credit)?

Either at the time of the first mailing to the consumer after the purchase OR within 30 days of the purchase.

38

If a transaction involves multiple consumers, how many RBPNs must be given?

One to each

39

T/F: A lender is not required to give a RBPN to a consumer to whom it provides an AAN.

True

40

Is a RBPN required for pre-screened solicitations?

No. This applies even if the lender makes offers to other consumers on more favorable terms.

41

Is a lender required to provide a RBPN if the extension of credit is secured by a 1-4 family residence?

No, so long as they provide a CSD.

42

What is the alternative way to comply with FCRA if lenders choose not to provide the RBPN?

They provide a credit score disclosure.

43

What is the notice that's required for CSDs when the loan is secured by a 1-4 family residence?

Notice to the Home Loan Applicant

44

What is the timing requirement for CSDs for credit secured by a 1-4 family residence?

Same as RBPNs, must be provided before consummation for a closed-end or prior to the first transaction in the case of open-end.

45

Is the lender required to provide a RBPN if the extension of credit is for non-residential property loans?

No, so long as they provide a CSD.

46

What are the three CSDs?

- Residential
- Non-residential
- No credit score

47

What are examples of contemporaneous credit?

Any OPEN-END plan for the purpose of financing a purchase, such as a department store card.

48

T/F: In a transaction involving more than one consumer, each consumer must receive a notice that contains only their credit score and not the credit score of the other consumer, whether the consumers have the same address or not.

True

49

In a transaction involving more than one consumer, when can the lender send the RBPNs together to the same address?

Only when the notice does NOT contain a credit score, a single notice can be addressed to both consumers.

50

Information reporters must provide the month and year of the start of the delinquency that resulted in a charge-off, placing the account for collection or similar action within __ days of furnishing the charge-off or collection information.

90

51

_____ _____ refers to a fraud committed or attempted using the identifying information of another person without authority.

Identity theft

52

____ ____ refers to any name or item of information that may be used, alone or in conjunction with other information to identify a person, such as name, SSN, DOB, ID#, and biometric data.

Identifying information

53

After an identity theft report is filed, a person may request additional information, provided the requestor makes the request not later than __ days after the date of ___ of the copy of the report or the request for service by the consumer, whichever is later.

15
receipt

54

After an identity theft report is filed, a person may request additional information or request supplemental information within __ days after the date of the __ request for information or documentation

15
initial

55

After an identity theft report is filed, the requestor will have __ days to make a final determination on the acceptance of the ID theft report in the even that the additional documentation or information is received on the __ day or later within the 15-day period.

5
11th

56

Fraud alerts must notify users of reports that the consumer may be a ____ __ ____ or is an ____ ____ _____ consumer.

victim of fraud
active duty military

57

At the request of the consumer, a CRA must include a __ day initial fraud alert in the file of the consumer and alert other CRAs.

90

58

CRAs must include extended fraud alerts if the consumer provides what?

an identity theft report such as a policy report.

59

If a CRA extends the fraud alert, consumers are excluded from prescreen lists for __ years.

5

60

On request, CRAs must include an active duty alert in the file for __ months.

12

61

If an active duty alert is placed in the consumer's file, the requester is excluded from prescreened lists for __ years.

2

62

How long is a consumer's opt out effective for?

5 years beginning at the time to consumer's choice is received. (could be longer or indefinite)

63

Persons who accept debit or credit cards may print no more than the last __ digits of the card on any paper receipt provided to the customer at the time of the transaction.

5

64

T/F: Banks that extend credit regularly and furnish info to CRAs must provide to the consumer notice that it has furnished negative info to the CRA. This notice must be provided within 30 days after furnishing the information.

T

65

T/F: Mortgage lenders and brokers that use credit scores must provide to the consumer either the credit score it developed and used or a score developed by the CRA, even if it used its own proprietary internal credit score.

T

66

T/F: A creditor may obtain and use medical information in connection with a determination of the consumer's eligibility for credit so long as these 3 conditions are met:
1. The info is the type of info routinely used in making credit eligibility determinations (debts, income, expenses, assets, purpose or proceeds of the loan, or collateral)
2. The creditor uses the info in a way that is no less favorable than it would use any other comparable, nonmedical info.
3. The creditor doesn't take into account the consumer's physical, mental or behavioral health condition or history, type of treatment, or prognosis into account as a part of any such determination.

T

67

T/F: A creditor can consider any medically related debt of the consumer for purposes of determining the consumer's repayment ability; however, the creditor can't treat debt owed to a hospital less favorable than debt owed to a retail store when considering the consumer's credit history.

T

68

Which of the following communications is NOT a consumer report regulated by FCRA?

a. A report telephoned by a Bank A loan officer to a Bank B loan officer, describing Bank A's lending experience with a borrower.
b. A report from a credit bureau to a bank containing general credit information on a consumer
c. A bank's written credit reference sent to a dept store as requested by the individual with bank credit file information, including other lenders; information from a credit bureau report
d. A bank's report to a contractor with credit information on a mutual customer, including references from retailers gathered by the bank at the customer's request

a. A report telephoned by a Bank A loan officer to a Bank B loan officer, describing Bank A's lending experience with a borrower.

A consumer report does not include a report that only contains info about experiences between the person making the report and the consumer. Therefore, a bank can provide info about is own lending experience and not be covered by FCRA.

69

Mrs. Williams applies to rent an apartment from Better Living Apartments. She has been a customer of First National Bank for several years, so she lists the bank as a credit reference. Better Living sends the bank a credit inquiry letter, and the bank sends Better Living a list of Mrs. Williams's bank transactions. the report states that she has had several insufficient checks on her account over the last two months and that she has satisfactorily paid off a car loan. Better Living calls the bank and speaks to Consumer Loan Officer George Dillon. Mr. Dillon states that Mrs. Williams applied for a loan three months ago, and he died the loan bc of a slow-pay report from ABC Dept Store that appeared on Mrs. Williams's credit report.

Did the bank give Better Living a consumer report under the FCRA?

a. No. Providing limited amounts of information from others will not cause the bank to be covered under FCRA.
b. Yes. By giving deposit-related info concerning returned checks, the bank has created a consumer report.
c. Yes. The bank gave credit information it received from another source.
d. No. The ABC Dept Store info was part of the bank's own experience, because it was used by the bank to make a credit decision.

a. No. Providing limited amounts of information from others will not cause the bank to be covered under FCRA.

70

In which of the following circumstances is it NOT permissible for a bank to obtain a consumer report from a CRA?

a. The bank requests reports on all delinquent borrowers for collection purposes.
b. The bank requests prescreen lists on prospective credit card applicants to solicit credit card accounts.
c. As an employee service, the bank requests credit reports on employees' family members for the employees' and their families own use.
d. The bank obtains a credit report on prospective employees, with their consent, after the first interview but before the job offer.

c. As an employee service, the bank requests credit reports on employees' family members for the employees' and their families own use.

71

Consumer reports used for credit transactions may contain which of the following terms?

a. Records of bankruptcies for 7 years
b. Adverse credit items for 7 years and bankruptcies for 10 years
c. Records of arrests or convictions for 10 years
d. Paid tax liens for 10 years

b. Adverse credit items for 7 years and bankruptcies for 10 years

72

First National Bank has denied a credit application from Mr. Johnson because the application scored too low on the bank's internal credit-scoring systems. Mr. Johnson's credit report, received from a CRA, scored a 4 out of a possible 10. Other parts of Mr. Johnson's application received low scores also. Which statement best describes First National's responsibility to Mr. Johnson under the FCRA?

a. Send an AAN that states the reasons the credit was denied
b. Send a notice that a credit report was used
c. Send an AAN that states that a credit report was used and gives the name and address of the CRA
d. Send an AAN that summarizes the information on the credit report.

c. Send an AAN that states that a credit report was used and gives the name and address of the CRA.

When credit is denied based wholly or partly on info contained in a consumer report, the user of the report must advise the consumer of the fact and supply the name and address of the CRA. Under Reg B, the AAN must either give the reasons for the action or explain to the applicant that he or she ahs the right to request the reasons.

73

Mr. Hilliard applied to First National Bank for a car loan. The bank requested a credit report on Mr. Hilliard from the local CRA and found that he had almost no credit. No negative items were on the report. In addition, Mr. Hilliard had been employed at his job for four months and his previous work experience was difficult to verify. The bank denied his application for a loan and set him an AAN. What should the bank do under FCRA?

a. Notify Mr. Hilliard that a credit report was obtained and give him the name and address of the credit bureau.
b. Nothing. The bank has no responsibilities under the FCRA because the report contained no adverse items.
c. In person or over the telephone, explain to Mr. Hilliard that, although the credit report had no negative items, he has too little credit history.
d. Give Mr. Hilliard a copy of the credit report.

a. Notify Mr. Hilliard that a credit report was obtained and give him the name and address of the credit bureau.

That info on the credit report was partially responsible for the credit denial gives rise tot he responsibility to report it to the consumer. Even too little credit history is enough reason to report under the FCRA. In addition, under ECOA's Reg B, the reasons for credit denial must be provided either automatically or on request after notice of the right is provided.

74

First National Bank received a credit application from Lewis Nelson for a home equity loan. Mr. Nelson indicated that he has a $75,000 loan from the Overton Cancer Center. The bank called the cancer center to check the credit history and balance on the loan. The bank discovered that Mr. Nelson is 4 months past due on the loan. Based on this information, the bank denied the home equity credit application. Which statement is correct?

a. The bank's denial, based on the information, was wrong because the fact that he had a loan from the cancer center involves medical information about the consumer
b. The bank should not have contacted the cancer center at all because doing so involves medical information about the consumer
c. The bank should have disclosed on its consumer application that medically related debts do not have to be listed
d. The bank acted correctly because it treated the applicant's medical debt just as it would any other debt.

d. The bank acted correctly because it treated the applicant's medical debt just as it would any other debt.

Using medical information in a manner that is no less favorable than it uses other forms of credit info is an exception to the general rule.

75

To avoid being considered a CRA, the FCRA requires banks that regularly purchase dealer paper from auto dealers to be sure that the:

a. Dealer properly discloses the reasons for a denial of credit
b. Bank's name does not appear on the application or on the contract signed by the customer
c. Dealer reports to the consumer the name and address of the bank
d. Statement of disclaimer of liability is on any application for credit purchased by the bank.

a. Dealer properly discloses the reasons for a denial of credit

This info must be given to the consumer in order to prevent the bank from becoming a CRA.

76

A compliance officer is monitoring a bank's credit reports for compliance with the FCRA requirements. Which of the following is NOT a permissible purpose for obtaining and using the consumer report?

a. Application to open a new personal deposit account
b. Annual review of a personal credit card account before issuing a renewal card
c. Review of the personal credit history of a prospective customer on whom the bank officer plans to call
d. Application for a commercial loan by an individual where the individual authorized the bank to investigate his credit history.

c. Review of the personal credit history of a prospective customer on whom the bank officer plans to call.

The bank can't obtain a consumer report without a legitimate credit or employment purpose. The consumer must either apply for credit or employment, or the bank must be planning to make a firm offer of credit in order to obtain a consumer report.

77

Friendly Service Bank is a new bank that will focus on offering financial services to consumers. The compliance officer needs to comply with the identity theft prevention requirements of FACTA. What should she do first?

a. Write a complaint policy that the board can approve
b. Establish procedures for handling address changes
c. Appoint a task force to establish compliance priorities
d. Perform a risk assessment of the bank's risk factors for identity theft

d. Perform a risk assessment of the bank's risk factors for identity theft.

The first step in developing an identity theft prevention program is to perform a RA to determine whether the bank offers or maintains covered accounts, consider the methods used to open and provide access to accounts in order to assess the bank's exposure to identity theft threats.

78

Friendly Service Bank has an affiliated insurance company, FSB Insurance. In which of the following cases would the consumer receiving the marketing materials have to have received the affiliate marketing op-out opportunity?

a. FSB obtains credit score qualification info from FSB Insurance to identify which of the bank's loan customers would be eligible for FSB Insurance's products
b. FSB using a city phone directory, sends a brochure containing marketing materials on its own products, as well as FSB Insurance products
c. FSB Insurance receives individualized credit score information from FSB about the bank's loan customers. After selecting eligible customers from the list, FSB Insurance sends a qualified list back to FSB who sends the FSB Insurance marketing materials to the selected bank customers.
d. FSB sends its own customers a marketing brochure containing info about its own loan products.

c. FSB Insurance receives individualized credit score information from FSB about the bank's loan customers. After selecting eligible customers from the list, FSB Insurance sends a qualified list back to FSB who sends the FSB Insurance marketing materials to the selected bank customers.

The affiliate marketing rules allow the bank to obtain selection information from an affiliate to send marketing materials to its own customers who might be eligible for the products sold by the affiliate without requiring a notice and opt out by the bank's own customers. The bank can send info to individuals whose names are obtained on public lists without giving an opt-out notice, even if some of them happen to be customers of their affiliates. The bank can also market its own products without requiring an opt-out opportunity. However, when an affiliate, such as FSB Insurance, obtains individualized information on the bank's customers and selects them to receive marketing materials, then the opt-out notice requirement is triggered.

79

In which of the following cases must a furnisher of consumer information investigate the dispute?

a. A dispute submitted by a credit repair company on behalf of one of the furnisher's customers
b. A dispute submitted by one of the furnisher's customers on a form supplied by a credit repair company
c. A dispute about a charged off loan for which the consumer refused to provide his SSN
d. A dispute about a delinquent account that has been previously submitted but upon which the furnisher took no action

d. A dispute about a delinquent account that has been previously submitted but upon which the furnisher took no action.

A furnisher can consider a dispute to be a frivolous dispute if it does not include sufficient identifying information, such as a SSN, it is submitted by a credit repair company or on a form by a credit repair company. Disputes that have been submitted previously can be considered to be frivolous if the furnisher investigated the dispute when it was previously submitted.

80

Which of the following methods is NOT valid for determining which consumer borrowers should receive a RBPN?

a. The credit score proxy method
b. The direct comparison method
c. The tiered pricing method
d. The comparative file method

d. The comparative file method.

The direct comparison method is used when the lender directly compares borrowers to other similar borrowers in the portfolio to determine who receives a notice. The credit score proxy method is used when the lender derives a cutoff credit score where at least 40% of its borrowers fall above the cutoff and 60% below the cutoff. Borrowers below the cutoff receive notices. The tiered pricing method allocates notices to borrowers in the higher pricing tiers.

81

The Fair Credit Reporting Act Notice to Home Loan Applicants must be provided to:

a. All consumers whose applications for personal purpose credit secured by a principal dwelling are denied
b. All consumers who apply for a home loan
c. All consumers who apply for a home loan and are turned down because of information contained in a consumer report
d. All consumers who apply for a home loan in which the creditor uses a consumer credit score

d. All consumers who apply for a home loan in which the creditor uses a consumer credit score

82

A Notice to Home Loan Applicant under the FCRA must include:

a. A statement that if the consumer has questions about the terms of the loan, the consumer should contact the consumer reporting agency
b. A statement that the lender plays no part in the credit decision
c. A statement describing what a credit score is
d. A statement that credit scores are not as important as income in determining whether a consumer will receive credit

c. A statement describing what a credit score is