Flashcards in Fetal Programming Deck (6):
What is epigenetics?
Heritable changes in gene function that occur without a change in the DNA sequence
What are the two mechanisms of action for epigenetics?
1. Alteration of background chromatin proteins which act as scaffolding for DNA during transcription
2. The degree of methylation of the nucleotide bases of the DNA
(Hypo/hyper)methylation will cause suppressed genes to be expressed
DNA methylation prevents ___
What is the primary cause of IUGR in livestock species?