Figures of Speech Flashcards Preview

AP Literature & Composition > Figures of Speech > Flashcards

Flashcards in Figures of Speech Deck (27):
1

Alliteration

Repetition of similar sounds usually consonants at the beginning of consecutive words or words in close proximity

2

Apostrophe

Direct address to absent or dead person or to an object quality or idea

3

Assonance

Repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sequence of consecutive words or words and close proximity: "All day the wind breathes low and with mellower tone"

4

Cacophony

Clash of discordant were harsh sounds within a sentence or phrase

5

Chiasmus

Two phrases in which the syntax is the same but the placement of words is reversed

6

Cliché

An expression used so frequently it has lost it's expressive power

7

Colloquialism

In formal expression or slaying especially in the context of more formal text

8

Euphemism

Use of decorous language to express vulgar or unpleasant ideas

9

Euphony

Pleasing arrangement of sounds

10

Hyperbole

Excessive overstatement or conscious exaggeration of fact

11

Idiom

Common expression that has acquired a meaning different from its literal meaning

12

litotes

A form of understatement in which a statement is affirmed by negating its opposite: "he is not unfriendly "

13

Metaphor

Direct comparison: "life is but a walking shadow, a poor player"

14

Mixed metaphor

A combination of direct comparisons that produces a confused or contradictory image: "a stitch in time gathers no moss"

15

Metonymy

Substitution of one term for another generally associated term

16

Onomatopoeia

Words that sound like what they are: "pop, hiss, and boing "

17

Oxymoron

Association of two directly contradictory terms in a single expression

18

Paradox

A statement which seems absurd or contradictory on the surface but, on closer examination, expresses a deeper truth

19

Paralipsis

The technique of drawing attention to something by claiming not to mention it

20

Parallelism

Use of similar grammatical structures, word order in two sentences or phrases, lines of poetry, or elements in a narrative to suggest a comparison or contrast

21

Personification

use of human characteristics to describe animals, things, or ideas

22

Pun

A play on words that exploits the similarity in sound between two words with distinctly different meanings

23

Rhetorical question

A question designed not to elicit a response, But instead to make an impact or call attention to something

24

Sarcasm

A simple form of verbal irony designed to wound, used as expression of scorn

25

Simile

And indirect comparison between two things, using like or as

26

Synesthesia

Confusion of the senses, using one kind of sensory experience to describe another

27

Synecdoche

Using a part to refer to the whole, as a form of metonymy