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Unit I: Back and Extremities > Fillintheblank > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fillintheblank Deck (243)
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1
Q

The__________ of the brachial plexus is formed by the union of roots C5 and C6.

A

upper trunk

2
Q

The upper trunk of the_____________ is formed by the union of roots C5 and C6.

A

brachial plexus

3
Q

The ________ muscle separates the subclavian artery from the clavicle.

A

subclavius

4
Q

The upper trunk of the brachial plexus is formed by the union of roots ________

A

C5 and C6

5
Q

The subclavius muscle separates the______________ from the clavicle.

A

subclavian artery

6
Q

The _______ wall of the axilla is bounded by the teres major, latissimus dorsi and subscapularis muscles.

A

posterior

7
Q

The subclavius muscle separates the subclavian artery from the ______.

A

clavicle

8
Q

The posterior wall of the axilla is bounded by the _________, latissimus dorsi and subclavian muscles.

A

teres major

9
Q

The posterior wall of the _____ is bounded by the teres major, latissimus dorsi and subscapularis muscles.

A

axilla

10
Q

The posterior wall of the axilla is bounded by the teres major, ____________ and subscapularis muscles.

A

latissimus dorsi

11
Q

The posterior wall of the axilla is bounded by the teres major, latissimus dorsi and ________ muscles.

A

subscapularis

12
Q

The pectoralis minor, coracobrachialis and short head of the biceps brachii all attach in part to the coracoid process and are innervated by branches of the lateral cord of the ____________.

A

brachial plexus

13
Q

The pectoralis minor, coracobrachialis and short head of the biceps brachii all attach in part to the coracoid process and are innervated by branches of the _________ of the brachial plexus.

A

lateral cord

14
Q

The pectoralis minor, coracobrachialis and short head of the biceps brachii all attach in part to the _____________ and are innervated by branches of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus.

A

coracoid process

15
Q

The pectoralis minor, coracobrachialis and short head of the ___________ all attach in part to the coracoid process and are innervated by branches of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus.

A

biceps brachii

16
Q

The pectoralis minor, _____________ and short head of the biceps brachii all attach in part to the coracoid process and are innervated by branches of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus.

A

coracobrachialis

17
Q

The _____________, coracobrachialis and short head of the biceps brachii all attach in part to the coracoid process and are innervated by branches of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus.

A

pectoralis minor

18
Q

An infection associated with the _________________ would typically first spread to the supratrochlear lymph nodes of the upper extremity.

A

hypothenar eminence

19
Q

An infection associated with the hypothenar eminance would typically first spread to the ___________ lymph nodes of the upper extremity.

A

supratrochlear

20
Q

The _________ muscles of the shoulder include the supraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis and infraspinatus.

A

rotator cuff

21
Q

The rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder include the___________, teres minor, subscapularis and infraspinatus.

A

supraspinatus

22
Q

The rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder include the supraspinatus, _________, subscapularis and infraspinatus.

A

teres minor

23
Q

The rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder include the supraspinatus, teres minor, ___________ and infraspinatus.

A

subscapularis

24
Q

The rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder include the supraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis and ___________.

A

infraspinatus

25
Q

The _________ muscle attaches to the greater tubercle of the humerus and is innervated by a branch of the axillary nerve.

A

teres minor

26
Q

The teres minor muscle attaches to the _____________ of the humerus and is innervated by a branch of the axillary nerve.

A

greater tubercle

27
Q

The teres minor muscle attaches to the greater tubercle of the humerus and is innervated by a branch of the _______ nerve.

A

axillary

28
Q

<p>
At the \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_, the suprascapular nerve typically passes directly inferior to the transverse scapular ligament.</p>

A

<p>

| suprascapular notch</p>

29
Q

<p>
At the suprascapular notch, the \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_ typically passes directly inferior to the transverse scapular ligament.</p>

A

<p>

| suprascapular nerve</p>

30
Q

At the suprascapular notch, the suprascapular nerve typically passes directly ______ to the transverse scapular ligament.</p>

A

<p>

| inferior</p>

31
Q

At the suprascapular notch, the suprascapular nerve typically passes directly inferior to the _______________ ligament.</p>

A

<p>

| transverse scapular</p>

32
Q

The ________________ bands of the glenohumeral ligament attach to the lesser tubercle of the humerus.

A

superior and middle

33
Q

The superior and middle bands of the ___________ ligament attach to the lesser tubercle of the humerus.

A

glenohumeral

34
Q

The superior and middle bands of the glenohumeral ligament attach to the____________ of the humerus.

A

lesser tubercle

35
Q

The _____ nerve passes between the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle as it enters the forearm.

A

ulnar

36
Q

The ulnar nerve passes between the two heads of the ________________ muscle as it enters the forearm.

A

flexor carpi ulnaris

37
Q

The ulnar nerve passes between the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle as it enters the _______.

A

forearm

38
Q

The ____________ artery typically anastomoses with the radial colateral artery.

A

radial recurrent

39
Q

The radial recurrent artery typically anastomoses with the ____________ artery.

A

radial colateral

40
Q

The ________ and brachioradialis muscles have only a single primary function, flexion of the forearm.

A

brachialis

41
Q

The brachialis and ____________ muscles have only a single primary function, flexion of the forearm.

A

brachioradialis

42
Q

The brachialis and brachioradialis muscles have only a single primary function, ______ of the forearm.

A

flexion

43
Q

The brachialis and brachioradialis muscles have only a single primary function, flexion of the _______.

A

forearm

44
Q

The ___________ is bounded anteriorly by the transverse carpal ligament.

A

carpal tunnel

45
Q

The carpal tunnel is bounded ________ by the transverse carpal ligament.

A

anteriorly

46
Q

The carpal tunnel is bounded anteriorly by the_______________ligament.

A

transverse carpal

47
Q

A loss of _________________ over the lateral aspect of the thenar eminence is consistent with a lesion of the superficial branch of the radial nerve.

A

cutaneous innervation

48
Q

A loss of cutaneous innervation over the __________ of the thenar eminence is consistent with a lesion of the superficial branch of the radial nerve.

A

lateral aspect

49
Q

A loss of cutaneous innervation over the lateral aspect of the ______________ is consistent with a lesion of the superficial branch of the radial nerve.

A

thenar eminence

50
Q

A loss of cutaneous innervation over the lateral aspect of the thenar eminence is consistent with a lesion of the _______________ of the radial nerve.

A

superficial branch

51
Q

A loss of cutaneous innervation over the lateral aspect of the thenar eminence is consistent with a lesion of the superficial branch of the __________.

A

radial nerve

52
Q

The _____ side of the dorsal venous network of the hand is typically drained by the basilic vein.

A

ulnar

53
Q

The ulnar side of the ___________ network of the hand is typically drained by the basilic vein.

A

dorsal venous

54
Q

The ulnar side of the dorsal venous network of the hand is typically drained by the _____ vein.

A

basilic

55
Q

The ______________ branch of the radial artery typically crosses the flexor pollicis brevis muscle as it anastomoses with the superficial palmar arch.

A

superficial palmar

56
Q

The superficial palmar branch of the _________ typically crosses the flexor pollicis brevis muscle as it anastomoses with the superficial palmar arch.

A

radial artery

57
Q

The superficial palmar branch of the radial artery typically crosses the ________________ muscle as it anastomoses with the superficial palmar arch.

A

flexor policis brevis

58
Q

The superficial palmar branch of the radial artery typically crosses the flexor pollicis brevis muscle as it anastomoses with the ______________ arch.

A

superficial palmar

59
Q

The _______________________ muscle attaches in part to the medial epicondyle of the humerus and functions in flexion of the proximal IP joint of digits 2-5.

A

flexor digitorum superficialis

60
Q

The flexor digitorum superficialis muscle attaches in part to the ______________ of the humerus and functions in flexion of the proximal IP joint of digits 2-5.

A

medial epicondyle

61
Q

The flexor digitorum superficialis muscle attaches in part to the medial epicondyle of the humerus and functions in ______ of the proximal IP joint of digits 2-5.

A

flexion

62
Q

The flexor digitorum superficialis muscle attaches in part to the medial epicondyle of the humerus and functions in flexion of the ______________ of digits 2-5.

A

proximal IP joint

63
Q

The _________ joint is innervated by branches of the ulnar, median and radial nerves.

A

radiocarpal

64
Q

The radiocarpal joint is innervated by branches of the ____, median and radial nerves.

A

ulnar

65
Q

The radiocarpal joint is innervated by branches of the ulnar, ______ and radial nerves.

A

median

66
Q

The radiocarpal joint is innervated by branches of the ulnar, median and _____ nerves.

A

radial

67
Q

The ___________ and radicular vessels exit the vertebral canal by traversing the intervertebral foramina.

A

spinal nerves

68
Q

The spinal nerves and ______________ exit the vertebral canal by traversing the intervertebral foramina.

A

radicular vessels

69
Q

The spinal nerves and radicular vessels exit the ____________ by traversing the intervertebral foramina.

A

vertebral canal

70
Q

The spinal nerves and radicular vessels exit the vertebral canal by traversing the __________________.

A

intervertebral foramina

71
Q

The _________________________ is positioned anterior to the spinal cord.

A

posteriror longitudinal ligament

72
Q

The posterior longitudinal ligament is positioned ______ to the spinal cord.

A

anterior

73
Q

The posterior longitudinal ligament is positioned anterior to the ________.

A

spinal cord

74
Q

The _______________ (subdivision of erector spinae) attaches in part to the costal angles of the ribs.

A

ilicostalis muscle

75
Q

The iliocostalis muscle (subdivision of ___________) attaches in part to the costal angles of the ribs.

A

erector spinae

76
Q

The iliocostalis muscle (subdivision of erector spinae) attaches in part to the __________ of the ribs.

A

costal angles

77
Q

___ is located in the subarachnoid space surrounding the spinal cord.

A

CSF

78
Q

CSF is located in the _______________ surrounding the spinal cord.

A

subarachnoid space

79
Q

The _________ of the sartorious muscle forms the lateral border of the femoral triangle.

A

medial edge

80
Q

The medial edge of the _____________ forms the lateral border of the femoral triangle.

A

sartorius muscle

81
Q

The medial edge of the sartorious muscle forms the __________ of the femoral triangle.

A

lateral border

82
Q

The medial edge of the sartorious muscle forms the lateral border of the ____________.

A

femoral triangle

83
Q

As the ___________ (external iliac) exits the pelvis, it is positioned posterior to the inguinal ligament and anterior to the iliopsoas muscle.

A

femoral artery

84
Q

As the femoral artery (external iliac) exits the _____, it is positioned posterior to the inguinal ligament and anterior to the iliopsoas muscle.

A

pelvis

85
Q

As the femoral artery (external iliac) exits the pelvis, it is positioned _______ to the inguinal ligament and anterior to the iliopsoas muscle.

A

posterior

86
Q

As the femoral artery (external iliac) exits the pelvis, it is positioned posterior to the ______________ and anterior to the iliopsoas muscle.

A

inguinal ligament

87
Q

As the femoral artery (external iliac) exits the pelvis, it is positioned posterior to the inguinal ligament and ______ to the iliopsoas muscle.

A

anterior

88
Q

As the femoral artery (external iliac) exits the pelvis, it is positioned posterior to the inguinal ligament and anterior to the _____________.

A

iliopsoas muscle

89
Q

The ________________ of the profunda femoral artery are the primary blood supply to the posterior compartment of the thigh.

A

perforating branches

90
Q

The perforating branches of the ___________________ are the primary blood supply to the posterior compartment of the thigh.

A

profunda femoral artery

91
Q

The perforating branches of the profunda femoral artery are the primary blood supply to the __________________ of the thigh.

A

posterior compartment

92
Q

The __________ attaches in part adjacent to the anterior superior iliac spine and is innervated by a branch of the superior gluteal nerve.

A

TFL muscle

93
Q

The TFL muscle attaches in part adjacent to the ______________________ and is innervated by a branch of the superior gluteal nerve.

A

anterior superior iliac spine

94
Q

The TFL muscle attaches in part adjacent to the anterior superior iliac spine and is innervated by a branch of the _________________.

A

superior gluteal nerve

95
Q

The ____________________ attaches in part to the adductor tubercle of the femur and is innervated by the obturator and sciatic nerves.

A

adductor magnus muscle

96
Q

The adductor magnus muscle attaches in part to the ______________ of the femur and is innervated by the obturator and sciatic nerves.

A

adductor tubercle

97
Q

The adductor magnus muscle attaches in part to the adductor tubercle of the femur and is innervated by the _______ and sciatic nerves.

A

obturator

98
Q

The adductor magnus muscle attaches in part to the adductor tubercle of the femur and is innervated by the obturator and _____ nerves.

A

sciatic

99
Q

The _________________ exits the greater sciatic foramen directly inferior to the piriformis muscle.

A

inferior gluteal nerve

100
Q

The inferior gluteal nerve exits the __________________ directly inferior to the piriformis muscle.

A

greater sciatic foramen

101
Q

The inferior gluteal nerve exits the greater sciatic foramen directly ______ to the piriformis muscle.

A

inferior

102
Q

The inferior gluteal nerve exits the greater sciatic foramen directly inferior to the ______________.

A

piriformis muscle

103
Q

The _______________________ attaches in part to the acetabular notch of the inominate.

A

ligament of the femoral head

104
Q

The ligament of the femoral head attaches in part to the _____________ of the inominate.

A

acetabular notch

105
Q

The ligament of the femoral head attaches in part to the acetabular notch of the ________.

A

inominate

106
Q

Within the____________, the popliteal artery is positioned directly posterior to the popliteus muscle.

A

popliteal fossa

107
Q

Within the popliteal fossa, the ____________ is positioned directly posterior to the popliteus muscle.

A

popliteal artery

108
Q

Within the popliteal fossa, the popliteal artery is positioned directly _______ to the popliteus muscle.

A

posterior

109
Q

Within the popliteal fossa, the popliteal artery is positioned directly posterior to the _____________.

A

popliteus muscle

110
Q

Swelling within the _________________ of the leg may cause compression of the deep peroneal nerve.

A

anterior compartment

111
Q

Swelling within the anterior compartment of the leg may cause compression of the ________________.

A

deep peroneal nerve

112
Q

The tendon of the ___________________ passes posterior to the lateral malleolus prior to attaching in part to the lateral aspect of the base of the first metatarsal.

A

peroneus longus muscle

113
Q

The tendon of the peroneus longus muscle passes _______ to the lateral malleolus prior to attaching in part to the lateral aspect of the base of the first metatarsal.

A

posterior

114
Q

The tendon of the peroneus longus muscle passes posterior to the _____________ prior to attaching in part to the lateral aspect of the base of the first metatarsal.

A

lateral malleolus

115
Q

The tendon of the peroneus longus muscle passes posterior to the lateral malleolus prior to attaching in part to the __________ of the base of the first metatarsal.

A

lateral aspect

116
Q

The tendon of the peroneus longus muscle passes posterior to the lateral malleolus prior to attaching in part to the lateral aspect of the base of the ___________.

A

first metatarsal

117
Q

At the________ of the tibia, the tibial nerve is positioned between the tendons of the flexor hallucis longus and flexor digitorum longus muscles

A

distal end

118
Q

At the distal end of the tibia, the _________ is positioned between the tendons of the flexor hallucis longus and flexor digitorum longus muscles

A

tibial nerve

119
Q

At the distal end of the tibia, the tibial nerve is positioned between the tendons of the__________________ and flexor digitorum longus muscles

A

flexor hallucis longus

120
Q

At the distal end of the tibia, the tibial nerve is positioned between the tendons of the flexor hallucis longus and ___________________ muscles

A

flexor digitorum longus

121
Q

The ______________ and vein pass inferior to the clavicle.

A

subclavian artery

122
Q

The subclavian artery and vein pass ______ to the clavicle.

A

inferior

123
Q

The subclavian artery and vein pass inferior to the ______.

A

clavicle

124
Q

The __________ passes directly anterior to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus.

A

radial nerve

125
Q

The radial nerve passes directly _______ to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus.

A

anterior

126
Q

The radial nerve passes directly anterior to the _______________ of the humerus.

A

lateral epicondyle

127
Q

The ____________ and cords of the brachial plexus pass posterior (deep) to the pectoralis minor muscle.

A

axillary artery

128
Q

The axillary artery and _______________________ pass posterior (deep) to the pectoralis minor muscle.

A

cords of the brachial plexus

129
Q

The axillary artery and cords of the brachial plexus pass _____________ to the pectoralis minor muscle.

A

posterior (deep)

130
Q

The axillary artery and cords of the brachial plexus pass posterior (deep) to the ____________________.

A

pectoralis minor muscle

131
Q

The __________ and profunda brachii artery pass directly posterior to the shaft of the humerus.

A

radial nerve

132
Q

The radial nerve and ___________________ pass directly posterior to the shaft of the humerus.

A

profunda brachii artery

133
Q

The radial nerve and profunda brachii artery pass directly ________ to the shaft of the humerus.

A

posterior

134
Q

The radial nerve and profunda brachii artery pass directly posterior to the _________________.

A

shaft of the humerus.

135
Q

The __________ nerve is positioned directly lateral to the serratus anterior muscle.

A

long thoracic

136
Q

The long thoracic nerve is positioned directly _____ to the serratus anterior muscle.

A

lateral

137
Q

The long thoracic nerve is positioned directly lateral to the ___________________.

A

serratus anterior muscle

138
Q

The _________ and superior ulnar collateral (or posterior ulnar recurrent) artery pass directly posterior to the medial epicondyle of the humerus.

A

ulnar nerve

139
Q

The ulnar nerve and ________________________________________________ pass directly posterior to the medial epicondyle of the humerus.

A

superior unlar collateral artery

140
Q

The ulnar nerve and superior ulnar collateral (or posterior ulnar recurrent) artery pass directly ________ to the medial epicondyle of the humerus.

A

posterior

141
Q

The ulnar nerve and superior ulnar collateral (or posterior ulnar recurrent) artery pass directly posterior to the _______________ of the humerus.

A

medial epicondyle

142
Q

Near the wrist, the __________ is positioned directly lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle.

A

radial artery

143
Q

Near the wrist, the radial artery is positioned directly _____ to the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle.

A

lateral

144
Q

Near the wrist, the radial artery is positioned directly lateral to the _________________________________.

A

tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle

145
Q

The _________________ pass anterior to the transverse carpal ligament.

A

ulnar artery and nerve

146
Q

The ulnar artery and nerve pass ______ to the transverse carpal ligament.

A

anterior

147
Q

The ulnar artery and nerve pass anterior to the _____________________.

A

transverse carpal ligament

148
Q

The _____________________ of the flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus muscles pass deep to the transversecarpal ligament.

A

median nerve and tendons

149
Q

The median nerve and tendons of the _______________________ and flexor digitorum profundus muscles pass deep to the transversecarpal ligament.

A

flexor digitorum superficialis

150
Q

The median nerve and tendons of the flexor digitorum superficialis and_____________________________ pass deep to the transversecarpal ligament.

A

flexor digitorum profundus muscles

151
Q

The median nerve and tendons of the flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus muscles pass ____ to the transversecarpal ligament.

A

deep

152
Q

The median nerve and tendons of the flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus muscles pass deep to the ____________________.

A

transversecarpal ligament

153
Q

The __________ passes directly posterior to the trapezium and base of the first metacarpal.

A

radial artery

154
Q

The radial artery passes directly _______ to the trapezium and base of the first metacarpal.

A

posterior

155
Q

The radial artery passes directly posterior to the ________ and base of the first metacarpal.

A

trapezium

156
Q

The radial artery passes directly posterior to the trapezium and _____________________.

A

base of the first metacarpal

157
Q

The tendon of the _________________________ passes directly medial to the dorsal tubercle of the radius.

A

extensor pollucis longus muscle

158
Q

The tendon of the extensor pollucis longus muscle passes directly _____ to the dorsal tubercle of the radius.

A

medial

159
Q

The tendon of the extensor pollucis longus muscle passes directly medial to the ______________________.

A

dorsal tubercle of the radius

160
Q

The _____________________ passes directly posterior to the neck of the femur.

A

obturator externus muscle

161
Q

The obturator externus muscle passes directly _______ to the neck of the femur.

A

posterior

162
Q

The obturator externus muscle passes directly posterior to the ______________.

A

neck of the femur

163
Q

During its _______ course, the medial circumflex femoral artery passes directly lateral to the pectineus muscle.

A

posterior

164
Q

During its posterior course, the ___________________________ passes directly lateral to the pectineus muscle.

A

medial circumflex femoral artery

165
Q

During its posterior course, the medial circumflex femoral artery passes directly ______ to the pectineus muscle.

A

lateral

166
Q

During its posterior course, the medial circumflex femoral artery passes directly lateral to the ______________.

A

pectineus muscle

167
Q

Immediately ______ to the inguinal ligament, the femoral nerve is positioned directly lateral to the femoral artery.

A

inferior

168
Q

Immediately inferior to the ______________, the femoral nerve is positioned directly lateral to the femoral artery.

A

inguinal ligament

169
Q

Immediately inferior to the inguinal ligament, the ___________ is positioned directly lateral to the femoral artery.

A

femoral nerve

170
Q

Immediately inferior to the inguinal ligament, the femoral nerve is positioned directly _____ to the femoral artery.

A

lateral

171
Q

Immediately inferior to the inguinal ligament, the femoral nerve is positioned directly lateral to the ___________.

A

femoral artery

172
Q

As they exit the___________________, the superior gluteal nerve, artery and vein are positioned superior to the piriformis muscle.

A

greater sciatic foramen

173
Q

As they exit the greater sciatic foramen, the _______________________________ are positioned superior to the piriformis muscle.

A

superior gluteal nerve, artery, and vein

174
Q

As they exit the greater sciatic foramen, the superior gluteal nerve, artery and vein are positioned _______ to the piriformis muscle.

A

superior

175
Q

As they exit the greater sciatic foramen, the superior gluteal nerve, artery and vein are positioned superior to the ______________.

A

piriformis muscle

176
Q

The tendon of the ____________________ passes posterior to the neck of the femur.

A

obturator internus muscle

177
Q

The tendon of the obturator internus muscle passes _______ to the neck of the femur.

A

posterior

178
Q

The tendon of the obturator internus muscle passes posterior to the ____ of the femur.

A

neck

179
Q

As it exits the __________________, the sciatic nerve is positioned directly inferior to the piriformis muscle.

A

greater sciatic foramen

180
Q

As it exits the greater sciatic foramen, the __________ is positioned directly inferior to the piriformis muscle.

A

sciatic nerve

181
Q

As it exits the greater sciatic foramen, the sciatic nerve is positioned directly ______ to the piriformis muscle.

A

inferior

182
Q

As it exits the greater sciatic foramen, the sciatic nerve is positioned directly inferior to the ______________.

A

piriformis muscle

183
Q

The tendon of the ________________________ passes directly inferior to the sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus.

A

flexor hallucis longus muscle

184
Q

The tendon of the flexor hallucis longus muscle passes directly ______ to the sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus.

A

inferior

185
Q

The tendon of the flexor hallucis longus muscle passes directly inferior to the ______________ of the calcaneus.

A

sustentaculum tali

186
Q

The_________ passes posterior to the medial malleolus.

A

tibial nerve

187
Q

The tibial nerve passes _______ to the medial malleolus.

A

posterior

188
Q

The tibial nerve passes posterior to the ______________.

A

medial malleolus

189
Q

The ________ passes posterior and inferior to the lateral malleolus.

A

sural nerve

190
Q

The sural nerve passes _______ and inferior to the lateral malleolus.

A

posterior

191
Q

The sural nerve passes posterior and ______ to the lateral malleolus.

A

inferior

192
Q

The sural nerve passes posterior and inferior to the _____________.

A

lateral malleolus

193
Q

The tibial attachment of the _____________________ is positioned anterior to the tibial attachment of the posterior cruciate ligament.

A

anterior cruciate ligament

194
Q

The tibial attachment of the anterior cruciate ligament is positioned _______ to the tibial attachment of the posterior cruciate ligament.

A

anterior

195
Q

The tibial attachment of the anterior cruciate ligament is positioned anterior to the tibial attachment of the_______________________.

A

posterior cruciate ligament

196
Q

The ____________________________ is positioned inferior to the head of the talus.

A

plantar calcaneonavicular ligament

197
Q

The plantar calcaneonavicular ligament is positioned ______ to the head of the talus.

A

inferior

198
Q

The plantar calcaneonavicular ligament is positioned inferior to the _____________.

A

head of the talus

199
Q

The tendon of the ___________________ passes superior to the long plantar ligament.

A

peroneus longus muscle

200
Q

The tendon of the peroneus longus muscle passes _______ to the long plantar ligament.

A

superior

201
Q

The tendon of the peroneus longus muscle passes superior to the _________________.

A

long plantar ligament

202
Q

A _________ (loss or weakness of wrist extension) is typically associated with a lesion of the radial nerve.

A

wrist drop

203
Q

A wrist drop (loss or weakness of wrist extension) is typically associated with a lesion of the __________.

A

radial nerve

204
Q

A __________ syndrome is typically associated with a compression of the median nerve at the wrist.

A

carpal tunnel

205
Q

A carpal tunnel syndrome is typically associated with a compression of the __________ at the wrist.

A

median nerve

206
Q

A _________, characterized by a tilting of the pelvis towards the uninvolved side, may be due to a lesion of the superior gluteal nerve.

A

gluteal gait

207
Q

A gluteal gait, characterized by a tilting of the pelvis towards the _____________, may be due to a lesion of the superior gluteal nerve.

A

uninvolved side

208
Q

A gluteal gait, characterized by a tilting of the pelvis towards the uninvolved side, may be due to a lesion of the _________________.

A

superior gluteal nerve

209
Q

The ___________________ is the most commonly injured nerve in the lower extremity due to its close association with the neck of the fibula.

A

common peroneal nerve

210
Q

The common peroneal nerve is the most commonly injured nerve in the lower extremity due to its close association with the ______________.

A

neck of the fibula

211
Q

___________________ should be restricted to the superior lateral quadrant of the gluteal region of the lower extremity due to the absence of neurovascular structures.

A

Intramuscular injections

212
Q

Intramuscular injections should be restricted to the____________________ of the gluteal region of the lower extremity due to the absence of neurovascular structures.

A

superior lateral quadrant

213
Q

Intramuscular injections should be restricted to the superior lateral quadrant of the ___________ of the lower extremity due to the absence of neurovascular structures.

A

gluteal region

214
Q

Intramuscular injections should be restricted to the superior lateral quadrant of the gluteal region of the lower extremity due to the absence of ___________________.

A

neurovascular structures

215
Q

A ______________________ reflex is consistent with a compression of either the S1 or S2 spinal roots.

A

depressed calcaneal tendon

216
Q

A depressed calcaneal tendon reflex is consistent with a compression of either the _________________.

A

S1 or S2 spinal roots

217
Q

The _____________ functions to “unlock” the knee joint during flexion of the leg.

A

popliteus muscle

218
Q

The popliteus muscle functions to _______ the knee joint during flexion of the leg.

A

unlock

219
Q

The popliteus muscle functions to “unlock” the knee joint during ______ of the leg.

A

flexion

220
Q

The ____________________________ and axillary nerve typically traverse the quadrangular space, an anatomical region bounded inferiorly by the teres major muscle.

A

posterior circumflex humeral artery

221
Q

The posterior circumflex humeral artery and __________ typically traverse the quadrangular space, an anatomical region bounded inferiorly by the teres major muscle.

A

axillary nerve

222
Q

The posterior circumflex humeral artery and axillary nerve typically traverse the _______________, an anatomical region bounded inferiorly by the teres major muscle.

A

quadrangular space

223
Q

The posterior circumflex humeral artery and axillary nerve typically traverse the quadrangular space, an anatomical region bounded inferiorly by the _______________.

A

teres major muscle

224
Q

The _________________ is the (infero-) medial border of the cubital fossa.

A

pronator teres muscle

225
Q

The pronator teres muscle is the (infero-) ___________ of the cubital fossa.

A

medial border

226
Q

The pronator teres muscle is the (infero-) medial border of the __________.

A

cubital fossa

227
Q

The_______________________________ are the two nerves most at risk for injury during the surgical excision of the axillary lymph nodes.

A

thoracodorsal and long thoracic nerves

228
Q

The thoracodorsal and long thoracic nerves are the two nerves most at risk for injury during the surgical excision of the _________________.

A

axillary lymph nodes

229
Q

____________ (aching, burning, numbness and tingling on the medial side of the sole of the foot) may be due to compression of the medial plantar nerve where this nerve passes deep to the abductor hallucis muscle.

A

Jogger’s foot

230
Q

“Jogger’s foot” (aching, burning, numbness and tingling on the medial side of the sole of the foot) may be due to compression of the ________________ where this nerve passes deep to the abductor hallucis muscle.

A

medial plantar nerve

231
Q

“Jogger’s foot” (aching, burning, numbness and tingling on the medial side of the sole of the foot) may be due to compression of the medial plantar nerve where this nerve passes ____ to the abductor hallucis muscle.

A

deep

232
Q

“Jogger’s foot” (aching, burning, numbness and tingling on the medial side of the sole of the foot) may be due to compression of the medial plantar nerve where this nerve passes deep to the ____________________.

A

abductor hallucis muscle

233
Q

The __________ passes directly anterior (deep) to the tendon of the extensor pollicis longus muscle prior to piercing the 1st dorsal interosseous muscle.

A

radial artery

234
Q

The radial artery passes directly_____________ to the tendon of the extensor pollicis longus muscle prior to piercing the 1st dorsal interosseous muscle.

A

anteriror

235
Q

The radial artery passes directly anterior (deep) to the _____________________________________ prior to piercing the 1st dorsal interosseous muscle.

A

tendon of the extensor pollicis longus muscle

236
Q

The ________________ is the distal continuation of the anterior tibial artery.

A

dorsalis pedis artery

237
Q

The dorsalis pedis artery is the _______________ of the anterior tibial artery.

A

distal continuation

238
Q

The dorsalis pedis artery is the distal continuation of the ________________.

A

anterior tibial artery

239
Q

The _____________ attaches to the tibia, talus, navicular and calcaneus, and resists forced eversion (movement) of the foot.

A

deltoid ligament

240
Q

The deltoid ligament attaches to the _____________________________, and resists forced eversion (movement) of the foot.

A

tibia, talus, navicular and calcaneus

241
Q

The deltoid ligament attaches to the tibia, talus, navicular and calcaneus, and resists forced __________________ of the foot.

A

eversion

242
Q

The _________________ helps to maintain the body in an erect posture by preventing overextension of the hip joint.

A

iliofemoral ligament

243
Q

The iliofemoral ligament helps to maintain the body in an erect posture by preventing ________________________.

A

overextension of the hip joint