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Flashcards in Film Analysis Key Terms Deck (18)
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1

close up

an image that shows the subject from the neck up or frames an object at a close distance. An
ECU, or extreme close-up, shows a detail of the subject or object, e.g., an eye

2

composition

the arrangement and relationship of the
visual elements within a frame; more precisely, the
organization, distribution, balance and general relationship of stationary objects and figures, as well as of light, shade, line, and color, within the frame

3

continuity editing

film editing that provides for a sense of uninterrupted and continuous narrative action
within each scene, maintaining the illusion of diegetic reality for the spectator. Because it seeks to maximize continuity—to be
seamless and not call attention to itself—
continuity editing is often referred
to as “invisible editing.” This system of narrative film construction is the foundation of classic narrative film and “Classical Hollywood Cinema.”

4

cross cutting (Parallel Editing)

cutting between two separate scenes that occur at the same time or at
different times. Intercutting, a special case of cross cutting, involves cutting between two separate scenes that are related, such the two sides of a telephone conversation.

5

Cut

the juxtaposition or splicing of two shots

6

deep focus

an image with a great depth of field, where foreground, mid-ground, and background objects are all in focus.

7

editing

The task of selecting or joining camera takes
OR the set of techniques that governs the relations among shots.

8

establishing shot

a shot, usually at the beginning of a scene, that situates where and sometimes when the
action that is to follow takes place before it is broken up through editing. Establishing shots also make clear the spatial relations among characters and the space they inhabit. Establishing shots are usually long shots or extreme long shots

9

graphic match (match cut)

two successive shots joined so as to create a strong similarity in compositional elements.

10

high-key lighting

a scene that is brightly and evenly lit. In contrast,
low-key lighting involves the use of shadow areas and chiaroscuro

11

long shot

an image in which the distance between the camera and the subject is great

12

pan

camera pivots side to side, scanning horizontally.

13

point-of-view shot (POV)

a shot simulating the viewpoint of a character or group of characters. Also called a “subjective shot” or “subjective camera” or “subjective point of view.”

14

scene

a dramatic unit composed of a single shot or several shots. A scene usually takes place in a
continuous time period, in the same setting, and involves the same characters

15

shot

a continuously exposed and unedited image of any length.

16

superimposition

two or more shots that appear simultaneously on the screen, in an overlapping, or “superimposed,” fashion.

17

tilt

camera pivots up or down, scanning vertically.

18

voice-over

non-synchronous commentary from an off-screen source. The voice may be that of a
disembodied narrator (in either a narrative film or a documentary) or of a character, either in the form of an interior monologue or addressing the spectator directly