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Philosophical terms referring, respectively, to the world as a whole. According to one version of this ancient analogy, man and the universe are constructed according to the same harmonic proportions, each sympathetically attuned to the other, each a cosmos ordered according to reason. By an imaginative leap, the universe itself was thought to be, like man, living and conscious, a divine creature whose nature is reflected in human existence.



Refers to the universe as a whole, the world, or mankind as a whole.


Husseri, Heidegger, & Sartre

Phenomenologists who sought to establish a presupposition-less philosophy by deferring all questions of existence. Springs from Kant's distinction between the phenomenal and noumenal worlds. Can only see the transcendental ego out of the corner of the eye.



In terms of the outside world, establishes a simple way of interpreting the relationship between the subject and the object, the knower and the known.

In terms of philosophical views, it focuses on the reality. It considers things as they are, rather than what they ought to be.

Spectator theory-sensation & correspondence, a world of things, cannot account for mistakes in judgment.

Thomas Reid & G.E. Moore