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Flashcards in Final--Avian & Reptiles Deck (30):
1

Causative agent of Newcastle disease

Avian paramyxovirus 1

2

Which feature of avian influenza allows it to
1) enter the host cell
2) exit the host cell

(Hemagglutinin vs. neuraminidase)

1) Hemagglutinin

2) Neuraminidase

3

Which strains of avian influenza have the highest potential for causing human epidemic (just H's)

H5 & H7

4

Which arboviruses require a two mosquito life cycle?

Equine encephalitites
(EEE, WEE)

5

Which disease of chickens is zoonotic and is assoc. with formation of conjunctivitis in infected humans?

Newcastle

6

Elementary bodies are the infective form for?

Chlamydia psittaci

7

T/F: Salmonella infections in poultry are typically subclinical & can be spread to humans if they consume raw eggs or undercooked poultry

TRUE

8

Conjunctivitis & tracheitis are clinical signs assoc. with which disease in commercial and backyard chickens. A key feature on histopath is intranuclear inclusion bodies

infectious laryngotracheitis (gallid herpesvirus 1)

*REPORTABLE

9

This virus in chickens is assoc. with gasping, coughing, rales, and nasal discharge; you may also see soft, irregularly-shaped eggs

Infectious bronchitis (coronavirus)

*REPORTABLE

10

Name 2 diseases in chickens that target immunologic organs

1) chicken anemia virus ("blue wing")
2) infectious bursal disease

11

T/F: Crytptosporidiosis from chickens is commonly associated with infection in humans

FALSE--does NOT cause infections in humans

12

Acute hepatitis, yellow mustard diarrhea, and intranuclear inclusion bodies are all associated with which disease?

Pacheco's disease (Psittacid herpesvirus type 1)

13

This virus causes "marbled spleen disease" in pheasants and turkeys

Avian adenovirus

14

Associated with chronic ulcerative dermatitis and progressive bilateral dystrophy of feathers

Psittacine beak and feather disease (Circovirus)

15

Which organism is typically associated with bumble foot? On which area of the foot do the lesions most commonly occur?

Staphylococcus

weight-bearing surface

16

Seed-based diets may predispose birds to which nutritional deficiency?

Vit A deficiency

17

Histomoniasis (blackhead) in chickens is assoc. with ingestion of worms containing which organism?

Heterakis gallinarum (cecal protozoan that contains the protozoan parasite)

*target lesions on liver

18

In both birds and reptiles, gout formation is associated with a decrease in the secretion of?

uric acid

19

Name the disease assoc. with the following herpesviruses
1) Gallid herpesvirus 1
2) Gallid herpesvirus 2

1) laryngotracheitis

2) Marek's disease

20

Non-commercial poultry serve as a reservoir for this disease that causes swelling of the infraorbital sinuses & resp. signs

Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG)

21

T/F: Infectious coryza, caused by Avibacterium paragallinarum, is typically a primary/solo pathogen

FALSE

**ALWAYS co-infection (typically w/ mycoplasma)

22

Reptile heat sensors are located where?

on their dorsum

23

Reptiles require full-spectrum light which is in which wavelengths

290-320nm

*NOT incandescent bulbs

24

T/F: mealworms are an excellent source of protein for insectivorous reptiles

FALSE

25

If you palpate a lump on a reptile, what are the chances it's a lymph node?

0% (have no LNs!)

26

Most disease/illness in captive reptiles is due to

poor husbandry

27

Which type of Ca is best for supplementing to reptiles?

Ca carbonate (i.e. cuttlefish bone)

**NOT Ca phosphate

28

When do osteoporitic change become evident on radiographs?

after 40-50% of bone mineral is depleted

29

Keratinization of the eyelids is a common clinical sign of which disorder in reptiles

Vitamin A deficiency

30

Snakes with infectious diseases should be quarantined for how long?

90-180 days