Quiz 1 Flashcards Preview

Exotics > Quiz 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (52):
1

Two reasons why rodents & rabbits are prone to heat stress

don't sweat
cannot pant

2

When a client is bringing in their rodent to be seen, what should you remind them of before the visit?

to bring the cage and NOT to clean it prior to visit

3

Why are pelleted diets preferred over seed-based ones?

so they cannot selectively pick out just what they want and become nutritionally deficient

4

What is the normal temperature range for
1) mouse
2) rat

1) 98-101

2) 99.5-100.6

5

When handling rodents it's important to stabilize which area?

Rodents should never be picked up by?

the base of the tail

their tails-->tail slip!

6

In most rodents, males are aggressive. In which type of rodent can females be aggressive?

Female hamsters

7

What is the medical purpose for gavage needles in rodent medicine?

to administer oral medications

8

One route of injection for rodents in IP. Where should this be done in:
1) mice/rats
2) gerbils

1) lower left quadrant

2) lower right quadrant

9

How can porphyrin be differentiated from blood? From which gland is it produced?

with wood's lamp--it will fluoresce

produced from Harderian gland when stressed

10

In which type of rodents is mammary tissue found all over the body (including along the back)?

Mice/rats

11

The most common health problem affecting mice/rats?

respiratory disease

12

In which rodents do we have to worry about ammonia build-up in the cage?

mice/rats & hamsters

13

Which bedding type is not appropriate for most rodent species? Why?

cedar shavings

elevates liver enzymes and causes hypersensitivity

14

Describe barbering in mice

when the dominant mouse nibbles on the fur/whiskers of the subordinates (doesn't leave wounds or lesions)

**dominant mouse is only one with all fur

15

Most common tumor in
1) mice
2) rats

1) adenocarcinoma

2) fibroadenoma

16

A rat presents with a greasy hair coat and pruritus. You are suspicious of fur mites. Should you skin scrape?

No--they are non-burrowing

17

Most prevalent (common) organism causing pneumonia in mice/rats?

Mycoplasma pulmonis

18

Name 3 adaptations gerbils have for surviving in arid environments

1) don't sweat
2) produce v. concentrated urine
3) have large adrenal glands

19

Because gerbils are predisposed to _____ extra care should be taken when handling to avoid stress

seizures

20

Sore nose (nasal dermatitis) in gerbils is assoc. with what cause?

elevations in humidity

*causes increased secretions from Harderian gland--> irritates skin

21

Gerbils are very susceptible to which disease affecting the GI tract?
What is the causative organism?

Tyzzer's disease

Clostridium piliforme

22

Which rodent spp. is most susceptible to dybiosis?

Hamsters

23

Name 3 antibiotics that are contrainidicated for use in rodents

streptomycin
Dihydrostreptomycin
Procaine

24

When assessing anesthetic depth in rodents, which reflexes will remain present?

palpebral and jaw tone

25

The molars of hamsters are ____ rooted; which predisposes them to formation of?

closed rooted

dental carries

26

Which rodent spp. has a moveable mandibular symphysis?

hamster

27

T/F: when handling hamsters, even with proper restraint, their eyes may bulge

True

28

Hamster urine contains a high concentration of ______, giving it a milky, white color

Calcium carbonate

29

Causative agent of proliferative ileitis in hamsters?

Lawsonia intracellularis

30

Which disease of hamsters is zoonotic to humans (hint: shed in urine)

LCM (lymphocytic choriomeningitis)

31

In which rodent spp. should injectable anesthetics be avoided?

Gerbils

32

How does the dental formula of rabbits differ from rodents? (2)

they have 2 upper incisors and premolars (3U and 2L)

33

Which type of rabbit had young born WITH fur and eyes open

wild hares

34

Though rabbits are good with most other spp. which rodent spp. should they NOT be housed with and why?

Guinea pigs

risk for transferring Bordetella

35

When performing an enucleation in this species, care must be taken to avoid excessive hemorrhage assoc. with the extensive venous plexus

Rabbits

36

What physical characteristics of a rabbit make them prone to lumbar fractures

minimal skeletal mass combined with large muscle mass

37

A unique feature of the female rabbit's repro tract? Surgical implications?

"Duplex uterus"--has two cervices and no uterine body

*have to incise into each horn when doing C-section

38

The most important part of a rabbit's diet is making sure it has plenty of...

FIBER!

39

T/F: all forms of penicillin are safe for rabbits

FALSE--injectable only!

40

An important anesthetic consideration for rabbits is the fact that many of them produce _____

atropinesterase (faster metabolism of atropine)

41

The most common tumor of rabbits assoc. with decreased fertility and vaginal bleeding

uterine adenocarcinoma

42

A young rabbits presents for being unable to hop. On exam you notice the rabbit is unable to abduct the right rear limb; what is your top ddx?

splay leg

*autosomal recessive

43

Most common location for vertebral dislocation in rabbits

L7

44

An ingesta-filled stomach on radiographs in a rabbit that hasn't been eating would lead you to suspect?

trichobezoar

45

What two characteristics of rabbit urine are a risk factor for development of uroliths?

excess dietary Ca
alkaline urine pH

46

A rabbit presents to you with anorexia and watery diarrhea. You perform a gram stain of a fecal smear and helically coiled, semi-circular rods. What's your diagnosis? Causative organism that you just IDed?

Enterotoxemia


Clostridium spiroforme

47

Mucous in the feces of young, newly weaned rabbits it most consistent with which GI disease?

Mucoid enteritis

48

T/F: E. coli is part of the normal GI flora in the rabbit colon

FALSE!

49

Injectable penicillin is the indicated treatment for which disease in rabbits?

Rabbit syphilis (Treponematosis)

50

T/F: is a rabbit dam develops mastitis, her kits must be removed and placed with another rabbit to foster

FALSE--must remove kits but don't foster them (can spread infection)

51

Which infectious disease of rabbits is both zoonotic and reportable (though uncommon in domestic rabbits)

Tularemia

52

Which type of flea preventative should not be used in rabbits

Fipronil (Frontline)