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Flashcards in Final drugs Deck (79):
1

Tetracycline class

Therapeutic, anti infective

2

Tetracycline NC

Children less than 8 - permanent teeth staining

3

Nitroglycerin class (nitrostat)

Therapeutic, antianginal

4

Nitroglycerin (Nitrostat) SE

Dizziness, Headaches**

5

Nitroglycerin Nursing considerations

1. Pt take 1 tablet at a time, 5 minutes apart for max of 3 tablets

2. DO NOT TAKE WITH VIAGRA ; create permanent hypotension that is hard to fight

3. Always Sublingual

6

Digoxin class

Therapeutic, antiarrthmic

Has a positive inotropic effect

Glycoside

7

Digoxin SE

1. Increase crackles on auscultation on pt with left sided heart failure

8

Digoxin Nursing Considerations

1. Hold if apical pulse less than 60
2. Drug is risky for patients with hypokalemia

9

Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef) Class

Short acting corticoid steroid

10

Hydrocortisone SE

CARDIOvascular: Hypertensions
GI: Peptic ulcer
Skin: Acne, reduced wound healing

**cushing syndrome
Fluid retention

11

Coumadin class

Anticoagulant

12

Coumadin SE

Bleeding from bruises
Blood in stool

13

Coumadin NC

1. Avoid dark leafy herbs (vitamin K)
2. Don't take aspirin
3. Takes time to build in blood

14

Regular Insulin (Humulin R) class and; SE

Anti diabetic hormone

Hypoglycemia

15

Regular Insulin (Humulin R) NC

1. Used in sliding scale coverage
2. Used for ketoacidosis

16

NPH and regular Insulin (Humulin 70/30) SE

Hypoglycemia

17

NPH and Regular Insulin (Humulin 70/30) NC

**HB1C test above 6 early detection of pre diabetic

SE: Hypoglycemia

18

Glipizide (Glucotrol) Class

Second generation sulfonylurea

Therapeutic

19

Glipizide (Glucotrol) NC

Antidiabetic

SE: hypoglycemia

Pts avoid alcohol

20

PinRid class

Anti worm

21

PinRid NC

Only can be given once, single dose

22

Morphine Class

Opieod analgesic

23

Morphine SE

Confusion, sedation, dizziness, respiratory depression, constipation

24

Morphine NC

1. Use extreme caution in elderly, 2. keep Narcan handy

25

Narcan class

Antidote for opioid

26

Narcan SE

Cardiac arrhythmias

27

Narcan NC

Keep on hand when giving narcotics
Short half life (every 30 minutes)

28

Albuterol SE

Paradoxical bronchospasm

29

Albuteeol NC

Don't give to PTs already with tachycardia

30

Qvar Class

Corticoid steroid

31

QVAR SE

**laryngeal edema and bronchospasm

32

Aspirin Class

NSAID

33

Aspirins SE

1. Tinnitus
2. Bleeding ulcers

34

Apsrin NC

Take with food
Call doctor for S/S of bleeding

35

Captopril Class and SE

Class: Antihypertensive , ACEinhibitor
***SE: respiratory cough

36

Captopril NC

**teach pt to rise slowly

37

Lasix Class

Loop diuretic

38

Lasix SE

Dehydration and HypOKalemia

39

Lasix NC

Check potassium levels
Monitor for drug toxicitys (digoxin)

40

Keflex class

Anti infective, fist gen cephalosporin

41

Keflex NC

Caution with pt allergic to penicillin

42

Heparin Therapy NC

1. Used in hospital until Coumadin becomes therapeutic

2.check blood level (aptt) every 6 hrs for someone on Iv heprjn drip***

43

Flagyl Class and NC

Class: anti infective
Teach pts not to drink alcohol

44

Amphotericin B Class and NC

Class: anti fungal
NC: monitor vitals signs every 15 during test dose, and very 30 minutes for 2-4 hours after administration

45

Gentamicin class

Anti infective

46

Gentamicin SE

Ear nose and throat toxicity (audotixucuty) and Neohron toxicity

47

Gentamicin NC

Check labs daily, especially renal

48

Tylenol SE

Liver toxicity

49

Zofran class

Anti ematic

50

Zofran NC

Assess pt for nausea, vomiting, bowel sounds, and abdomen dissension before and after administration

51

DDAVP treats?

Treats diabetes insidious

52

DDVAP SE

Seizures, H20 toxicity, hypovenatremia

53

DDAVP NC

Monitor I and O frequently

54

Ritalin Class and NC

Class: central nervous system stimulant
NC: monitor CBC and weight frequently

55

Ritalin SE

Hyperactivity, insomnia, restlessness

56

Tegretol class and NC

Class: Mood stabilizer and anticonvulsant

NC: suicidal thoughts

**can be used with status epileptic

57

Tegretol

Suicidal thoughts

**stopping abruptly can cause status epileptics

58

Protamine sulfate class

Anti Heparin (antidote)

59

Protamine sulfate SE

Hypersensitivity, anaphylaxis, pulmonary edema

60

Prozac class

Antidepressant

61

Prozac NC

Monitor appetite and intake

Notify physician for huge weight loss. Small Weight loss is normal

62

Lipitor NC

Do not drink with alcohol or grapefruit juice

63

Valium Class

Anti anxiety and anti convulsant

64

Valium NC

Can be used for both panic attacks and status epileptics

65

Cogentin Class and SE

Class: anti Parkinson's

SE: hesitancy to urinate

66

Cogentin NC

**perferred drug for treatment of extra perennial side effects

67

Luminal NC

**seconsary choice for status epileptic (Valium is number one)

Not used for panic attacks

68

Dilantin NC

Teach pts to notify if rash occurs

69

Diflucan SE

Hepatic toxicity

70

Diflucan NC

Commonly used to treat yeast infections

71

Diuril NC and Class

Teach pt to notify for Persistant leg cramps

Class: antihypertensive, anti diuretic

72

Synthroid SE:

tremors, shakiness, angina

73

ThoraZine Class and SE

Class: anti Ametic, anti psychotic

SE: extra primidal reactions

74

Thorazine NC

Monitor decreased psychotic

75

NSAID SE

GI bleeding, stomach ulcers

76

NSAID NC

Drug of choice for rheumatoid arthritis

Take with food

77

Prilosec used for?

Treatment of Gerr (antiulcer)

78

Prilosec NC

Eat snacks meals and don't over eat

79

Synthroid NC:

Take in the morning on an empty stomach