final exam Flashcards
One conception declared that the human Jesus of Nazareth was adopted by the heavenly Logos at his baptism or resurrection
taught that Christ was the Father’s first creation, made from nothing and through whom then all other creation came into existence. Neither the Son nor the Spirit are eternally pre-existent (“there was a time when Christ was not”) nor of the “same nature” but only “similar nature” as God the Father. Christ was not God but rather a god, a changeable created being through whom the Father made the world. The Spirit was defined in Arianism as yet another semi-divine creature or immaterial energy.
From about 330 to the 360s, Athanasius often stood almost alone in his forceful defense of Nicene Trinitarian faith
Cappadocian Father’ Trinitarianism
Basil of Caesarea (330-379), Gregory of Nazianzus (329-389), and Gregory of Nyssa (334-394). Appointed bishop of Caesarea in 370, Basil sought rapprochement of the Eastern bishops around the Nicene Creed, showing the homoousios of the West was basically equal to the homoiousios of the East
Council of Nicea
Council of Constantinople
Deism: History, continuation
Until the 17th century synonymous with theism, the term Deism came to distin- guish a view that affirms that a Supreme Being created the world but has little or no direct involvement in that creation; knowledge of this God comes through natural reason as opposed to divine revelation. Nevertheless humankind has obli- gation to worship, live ethically, and repent of sin in light of eventual divine judgment.
(God-lnfused)in c h a r a c t e ar n d p e r s o n . U n l i k e p a n t h e i s m , S p i r i t i s m , a n d N e w A g e b e l i e f s , it is not that a human beingbecomesGod himself,who is infinite and immutablein nature.Ratherby “partakingof thedivinenature”(2 Pet. i:4), the believeris filled with the divine presenceh, encein this sense God-like,Christ-liheand”Spirit-ua|.”
is the general term used to describe the way in which gnostic groups in- terpreted Jesus Christ. Christ was perceived as divine, usually a god or spirit manifes- tation. But he was not fully human in that he had neither an entirely human body nor fully human nature.
Fairly obscure in history, semi-Christian Ebionism was a scattered, distinctly Jew- ish movement found in eastern Palestine and elsewhere. In Tertullian’s assessment, they (a) accepted Jesus as “a mere man,”10 (b) strictly adhered to Jewish law, and (c) re- jected Paul’s writings.
Eternal Generation and Procession
Owing to Origen, the Nicean and Christian tradition affirms the eternal gen- eration of the Son from the Father, as expression of Ps 2:7 (“today I have begotten thee”) and its citations in the NT and, again, the Gk. monogenes (trad. “only begot- ten”; lit. “one and only”). Some question the exegetical bases of eternal generation; others see it as broadly expressing the ontological relations of the Son and the Fa- ther.
Filioque: Historical Debate
procession of the Spirit from the
Father and the Son.