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Legal/Professional Practices In Special Education > Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (60)
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1

Limitations of LRE

Available trained personnel
Variety of program options
Support service options
Adequate funding

2

Why is funding an ongoing issue?

Special education is expensive

3

Why are some parents opposed to inclusion?

Child won't progress
Why are they in the classroom
Negative reaction from parents of nondisabiled children

4

Reverse inclusion

Bring typical peers into the classroom
Not forced interaction; natural

5

Double Standard

Two discipline systems
One for students w/ disabilities
Another for students w/o

6

Is double standard avoidable?

No

7

Change in Placement

More than 10 consecutive school days or more than 15 school days cumulatively

8

Suspensions

In-school
Out-of-school
Partial day
Short-term
Long-term
Cumulative

9

In-school suspensions are not counted as a suspension if...

Someone is working in IEP goals with the student

10

Why are suspensions used so frequently?

Easy way to get the student out of the classroom and school
Don't have to deal with the problem

11

Expulsion

Exclusion from school for more than 10 school days

12

Stay-put

Student remains in current educational placement
Pending
Outcome of hearing

13

Interim Alternative Educational Setting (IAES)

Misconduct involving weapons, drugs, inflicting serious bodily injury requires manifestation determination

14

Manifestation Determination

Review of potential relationship between disability and behavior
Includes FBA
Review of all current, relevant data by IEP team

15

Questions of Manifestation Determination

1. Was conduct caused by or related directly to the disability?
2. Was conduct caused by school's failure to implement IEP?

16

What is the legal presumption regarding manifestation determination?

Misconduct was related to disability or behavior

17

Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA)

To determine the purpose of students behavior
A,B,C,F

18

Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP)

Based on FBA
Goals
Positive Interventions
Progress Monitoring

19

Non-IDEA eligible students

Discipline procedural safeguards extended to students not yet identified but believed to have a disability
Belief based on parent or teacher expression

20

Law Enforcement

Involved with students who have disabilities only to the extent that involved with students without disabilities
Cannot circumvent IDEA

21

New Disciplinary Paradigm

Positive
Proactive
Preventative
Support
Corrective

22

Try to avoid...

Calling law enforcement (unless urgent)
Homebound instruction

23

Parents rights assured in IDEA

Procedural Safeguards
Informed written consent
Participation in decision making
Program/services at no cost
Notice of Recommenced Education Placement
Access to education records
Confidentiality of Education Records
Dispute Resolution (Mediation, due process hearing)

24

Which 3 events require written parental consent?

Initial evaluation
Initial placement
Before student records are released

25

Parent defined as...

Natural
Adoptive
Foster
Guardian
Surrogate
Individual acting in place of parent

26

Communication with Parents

Accept parent statements
Listen actively
Question effectively
Encourage
Remain focused
Stressed child's strengths and needs
Realize that parents know child best
Avoid jargon
Respect parents' right to say no
Don't be defensive
Be open-minded flexible
Refer when necessary
Don't hesitate to say "I don't know"

27

School to Home Communication

Written
Phone
E-mail
Conference

28

Barriers

Failing to see parents as equal partners
Too much distance
Blaming parents for child's disability
Treating parents as though they need counseling
Seeing parents as less intelligent
Labeling parents
Treating parents as adversaries

29

Professional distance

Distance between parent and teacher

30

Cultural/Linguistic Considerations

ELL
Low income/poverty
Limited education
Different perspective on the cause, treatment of disabilities
Intimidated by the school
Fearful
Lacking self-confidence
Family-oriented