Flashcards in FINAL EXAM Deck (40):
normal blood volume
lower blood volume
higher blood volume
prime clotting protein
decrease of albumin in the electrophoresis separation
increase of y-globulin in the electrophoresis separation
when the liver dies
plasma protein levels decrease
If colloidal osmotic pressure increases
more water will flow into the plasma
If colloidal osmotic pressure decreases
more water will flow into the ISF
site where exchanges take place between plasma and ISF
accumulation of excess fluid in the interstitial spaces
Factors that lead to Edema
Increase in Hydrostatic Pressure and Capillary Permeability.
Decrease in C.O.P.
No lymphatic drainage
sever protein malnutrition
blockage of lymphatic drainage resulting from parasite (Filaria nematode) infestation
production of blood cells
production of red blood cells
production of platelets
production of white blood cells
substance (proteins or peptides) which are released by one cell and effect the growth, development, and activity of another cell
RBC enzyme system that generates energy
RBC enzyme system that facilitates CO2 transport
Oxygen carrying capacity of blood
20 ml O2/100 ml blood
Life span of RBC's
120 days, and nothing can prolong its lifespan
How iron is stored as in the liver spleen and gut
Increase concentration of bilirubin. Bilirubin can accumulate and deposit in the whites of eyes, nail beds, and skin. Caused by liver damage, bile duct obstruction.
Production of RBC's is greater than the destruction (Ht = 70%)
Production of RBC's is lower than the destruction (Ht= 30%).
Small RBC size
Normal RBC size
Large RBC size
Normal amount of Hemoglobin.
Less than normal Hemoglobin
accumulation of blood in tissues
an extremely potent inhibitor of sodium channels that puffer fish make
increased pressure inside the central nervous system; occurs with increase in the CSF which doesn't leave, putting pressure on the brain.
eye ball is too long. Farsighted
eye ball is too short.
the lens or cornea is not spherical