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Physiology 209 > FINAL EXAM > Flashcards

Flashcards in FINAL EXAM Deck (40):
1

normovolemia

normal blood volume

2

hypovolemia

lower blood volume

3

hypervolemia

higher blood volume

4

fibrinogen

prime clotting protein

5

renal disease

decrease of albumin in the electrophoresis separation

6

Bacterial Infection

increase of y-globulin in the electrophoresis separation

7

when the liver dies

plasma protein levels decrease

8

If colloidal osmotic pressure increases

more water will flow into the plasma

9

If colloidal osmotic pressure decreases

more water will flow into the ISF

10

capillary bed

site where exchanges take place between plasma and ISF

11

Edema

accumulation of excess fluid in the interstitial spaces

12

Factors that lead to Edema

Increase in Hydrostatic Pressure and Capillary Permeability.
Decrease in C.O.P.
No lymphatic drainage

13

kwashiorkor

sever protein malnutrition

14

elephantiasis

blockage of lymphatic drainage resulting from parasite (Filaria nematode) infestation

15

hematopoiesis

production of blood cells

16

erythropoiesis

production of red blood cells

17

thrombopoiesis

production of platelets

18

leukopoiesus

production of white blood cells

19

cytokines

substance (proteins or peptides) which are released by one cell and effect the growth, development, and activity of another cell

20

glycolytic enzymes

RBC enzyme system that generates energy

21

carbonic anhydrase

RBC enzyme system that facilitates CO2 transport

22

Oxygen carrying capacity of blood

20 ml O2/100 ml blood

23

Life span of RBC's

120 days, and nothing can prolong its lifespan

24

Ferritin

How iron is stored as in the liver spleen and gut

25

Jaundice

Increase concentration of bilirubin. Bilirubin can accumulate and deposit in the whites of eyes, nail beds, and skin. Caused by liver damage, bile duct obstruction.

26

Polycythemia

Production of RBC's is greater than the destruction (Ht = 70%)

27

Anemia

Production of RBC's is lower than the destruction (Ht= 30%).

28

Microcytic

Small RBC size

29

Normocytic

Normal RBC size

30

Macrocytic

Large RBC size

31

Normochromic

Normal amount of Hemoglobin.

32

Hypochromic

Less than normal Hemoglobin

33

Hematoma

accumulation of blood in tissues

34

white thrombus

platelet plug

35

tetrodotoxin

an extremely potent inhibitor of sodium channels that puffer fish make

36

hydrocephalus

increased pressure inside the central nervous system; occurs with increase in the CSF which doesn't leave, putting pressure on the brain.

37

myopic

eye ball is too long. Farsighted

38

hyperopic

eye ball is too short.
Near sighted

39

Astigmatism

the lens or cornea is not spherical

40

presbyopia

lens gets stiff and doesn't change shape. Results in farsightedness.