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OPRE 6369- Supply Chain Software > Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (237)
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1

A few hallmarks of an APS system usually include:

-fewer internal users than ERP systems.
-the use of memory resident models in addition to traditional data base management systems.
-advanced planning & scheduling functionality.
-advanced optimization algorithms such as linear programming and other heuristics.
-planning at a finer time increment.
-ability to do rapid what-if simulation.
-advanced problem notification.

2

Major APS software providers are:

-SAP
-i2 Technologies
-Manugistics (now JDA)
-Oracle (up and coming)
-plus others.

3

The SAP APO application is SAP's version of

Advanced Planning & Scheduling

4

APO is bundled with several other advanced planning applications into mySAP SCM 5.0.

-Advanced Planning & Optimization (APO)
-Forecasting and Replenishment--retail.
-Inventory Collaboration Hub
-Event Manager
-Extended Warehouse Management

(^^all of those 5 things have one thing in common---> all used for supply chain.

5

APO is all about

planning.

6

APO Demand Planning (DP) is used

to create a forecast of market demand for your company's products.

7

APO DP allows you to take into consideration the many different causal factors that affect demand.

DP Contains a large library of statistical forecasting models.
-customers may also develop unique forecasting models using a powerful macro tool.

8

Forecasts created by APO DP may be released to

APO Supply Network Planning or passed to R/3 for MRP planning.

9

APO Supply Network Planning (SNP) integrates

purchasing, manufacturing, distribution, and transportation so that a comprehensive tactical planning and sourcing decisions can be simulated and implemented on the basis of a single, global consistent model.

10

Starting from a demand plan, Supply Network Planning creates a

medium-term, rough-cut plan for fulfilling the estimated sales volumes.

11

Supply Network Planning uses advanced optimization techniques, based on

constraints and penalties, to plan product flow along the supply chain.

12

APO Production Planning/Detail Scheduling (PP/DS) is intended to be a

short-term (1-6 weeks), detailed planning and scheduling tool.

13

The PP portion of PP/DS is capable of creating

finite supply chain plans taking capacities into consideration.

14

The DS portion of PP/DS is capable of creating

optimized scheduling sequences.

15

PP/DS accomplishes its primary mission by

using various advanced heuristic and linear programming algorithms.

16

APO Global Available to Promise (GATP) is

an advanced order promising tool.

17

GATP extends the Available-To-Promise capability currently in SAP R/3 to include:

-Multiple Plant Planning
-Simulation of orders (Capable-To-Promise)
-Rule-based order promising.

18

APO Transportation Planning/Vehicle Scheduling (TP/VS) is intended to

optimize the planning and scheduling inbound and outbound freight.

19

The Transportation Planning portion of TP/VS enables you

to make optimal use of the available capacity of trucks, trains, ships, and airplanes.

20

The Vehicle Scheduling component of TP/VS will

optimize the delivery routes.

21

TP/VS utilized

advanced linear programming algorithms to accomplish its mission.

22

The APO Alert Monitor is an

advanced monitoring system to detect supply chain problems at the earliest possible time.

23

The APO Alert Monitor is capable of

operating within all the APO sub-modules (DP, SNP, PPS/DS, TP/VS).

24

APO Alert conditions may be

customized by company or individual user.

25

The portion of the APO Architecture where most data and calculations are performed is called

Live Cache.

26

The purpose of the BW (Business Warehouse) is

to store historical sales data to forecast.

27

The APO Modules where forecasting is done is

Demand Planning.

28

The APO Module used for Advanced Order Promising is called

Global ATP

29

The APO module used for advanced problem notification is called

Alert Monitor.

30

Characteristics usually in an APO System include:

-Fewer internal users than ERP Systems (fewer users).
-The use of memory resident models in addition to traditional data base management systems.
-Advanced planing & scheduling functionality.
-Advanced optimization algorithms such as linear programming and other heuristics (advanced mathematical techniques).
-Planning at a finer time increment.
-Ability to do rapid what-if simulations (rapid what-if simulations).
-Advanced problem notification.