What commune makes a famous sweet wine?
A Grand Cru Appellation within the Coteaux du Layon in Central Loire, France.
Chenin Blanc, grown on the northern bank of the Layon River in schist and limestone soils. A mix of the right soil, climate, and low yields.
Rivals Sauternes but matured in the bottle not the cask.
What are the five red grapes found in Bordeaux?
- Cabernet Franc
- Cabernet Sauvignon
- Petit Verdot
Name the two white grapes from Spain and where they are from.
Albariño, Rías Biaxis
What is a sticki?
A fortified dessert wine in Australia
Name the three components of blind tasting.
- Nose (smell)
- Palate (taste)
What is the difference between the AOC and the AVA?
The AOC controls all facets of wine making and selling, such as areas of production, varietals grown, yield, vineyard practices (prune, trellis, irrigation), wine making methods (chaptalization, acidification and aging), tasting and analysis, degree of alcohol, varietal labeling
What grape is found in the the Claire Valley in Australia?
What does Trocken mean?
It's the German word for dry
What are Ambaugebiets? How many are there?
Name four of them.
Wine growing regions in Germany 13
- Hessische Bergstraße
List the level of ripeness in VDP wines
(Qualities mit Predicat)
- Auslese (might have Botrytis)
- Beerenauslese (might have Botrytis)
- Trockernbeerenauslese (sweetest, must have Botrytis)
What does QmP mean?
Which ones have Botrytis? Which one is the sweetest?
Qualities mit Predicat
- Trockenbeerenauslese (the sweetest)
What is Phylloxera?
A root louse that destroys vines at the root.
What famous mountain range is found in Alsace?
What is it's effect called?
Rain Shadow Effect
What mountain range separates Chili and Argentina?
What does it prevent and why?
Prevents Phylloxera because of the irrigation
techniques of flooding the fields
How is quality determined in Germany?
By the sweetness of the wine
What is the French Paradox?
They drink a lot of wine, reduced risk of heart disease
What are the differences between Prosecco and Champagne?
- fermented in the tank (ITT)
- Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier
- fermented in the bottle (ITB)
- bready/yeasty, nutty
Where would you find place like Châteauneuf-du-Pape?
Southern Rhône, France
What grape is Queen in Northern Rhône?
What is Southern Rhône's signature red varietal?
What varietal is used to make Borolo in Italy?
Name two synonyms for Tempranillo
- Tinto Fino
- Tinto del País
- Tinto de Toro
What French varietal is the signature grape grown in Argentina?
What is the single most important varietal in Chili?
What red grape originally from Bordeaux is grown in Chili?
Name the regions in New Zealand
- Hawk's Bay
What is the difference between Pouilly-Fuissé and Pouilly-Fumé?
Pouilly-Fumé is an appellation in the Upper Loire Region in France that grows Sauvignon Blanc, in Kimmeridgian Soil.
Pouilly-Fuissé is an appellation in Burgundy and grows Chardonnay.
What are the five facets of wine tasting?
- Distinct Varietal Character
What is distinct varietal character?
The unique qualities you would expect from a grape variety
What is integration?
The marriage of sensations and flavors. When all components have come together in a harmonious fashion
What is expressiveness?
The definition and projection of a wine's aromas and flavors.
What is complexity?
A force that pulls you into a wine and compells you to repeatedly return for another smell and sip because you find something new each time.
What does connectedness mean?
The bond between a wine and the earth it is grown in. Where is was grown can be tasted and smelled in the wine.
Describe the characteristics of Rueda terrior, and it's affect on Verdejo.
Rocky soils, rich in limestone and iron, and optimal sunshine lead Verdejo vines to yield grapes capable of producing full bodied and highly aromatic white wines. Verdejo grapes in Rueda are harvested at night, when the cooler temperatures prevent oxidation and help retain the grapes’ acidity and freshness. Fermentation in stainless steel or concrete underscores the bright, fruit-forward characteristics in the wine.