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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (34):
1

 

What commune makes a famous sweet wine?

 

 

Bonnezeax

A Grand Cru Appellation within the Coteaux du Layon in Central Loire, France.

Chenin Blanc, grown on the northern bank of the Layon River in schist and limestone soils. A mix of the right soil, climate, and low yields.

Rivals Sauternes but matured in the bottle not the cask.

 

2

 

What are the five red grapes found in Bordeaux?

 

 

  • Malbec
  • Merlot
  • Cabernet Franc
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Petit Verdot

 

3

 

Name the two white grapes from Spain and where they are from.

 

 

Verdejo, Rueda

Albariño, Rías Biaxis

 

4

 

What is a sticki?

 

 

A fortified dessert wine in Australia

 

5

 

Name the three components of blind tasting.

 

 

  • Sight
  • Nose (smell)
  • Palate (taste)

 

6

 

What is the difference between the AOC and the AVA?

 

 

The AOC controls all facets of wine making and selling, such as areas of production, varietals grown, yield, vineyard practices (prune, trellis, irrigation), wine making methods (chaptalization, acidification and aging), tasting and analysis, degree of alcohol, varietal labeling

 

7

 

What grape is found in the the Claire Valley in Australia?

 

 

Riesling

 

8

 

What does Trocken mean?

 

 

It's the German word for dry

 

9

 

What are Ambaugebiets? How many are there?

Name four of them.

 

 

Wine growing regions in Germany 13

  • Ahr
  • Baden
  • Franken-Bocksbeutels
  • Rheingau
  • Rheinhessen
  • Mittelrhein
  • Pfalz
  • Mosel
  • Nahe
  • Hessische Bergstraße 
  • Saale-Unstrut 
  • Saxony 
  • Württemberg

 

10

 

List the level of ripeness in VDP wines

(Qualities mit Predicat)

 

 

  • Kabinett
  • Spätlese
  • Auslese (might have Botrytis)
  • Beerenauslese (might have Botrytis)
  • Trockernbeerenauslese (sweetest, must have Botrytis)
  • Eiswine

 

11

 

What does QmP mean?

Which ones have Botrytis? Which one is the sweetest?

 

 

Qualities mit Predicat

  • Auslese
  • Beerenauslese
  • Trockenbeerenauslese (the sweetest)

 

12

 

What is Phylloxera?

 

 

A root louse that destroys vines at the root.

 

13

 

What famous mountain range is found in Alsace?

What is it's effect called?

 

 

Vosges Mountains

Rain Shadow Effect

 

14

 

What mountain range separates Chili and Argentina?

What does it prevent and why?

 

 

Andes Mountains

Prevents Phylloxera because of the irrigation

techniques of flooding the fields

 

15

 

How is quality determined in Germany?

 

 

By the sweetness of the wine

 

16

 

What is the French Paradox?

 

 

They drink a lot of wine, reduced risk of heart disease

 

17

 

 

What are the differences between Prosecco and Champagne?

 

Prosecco 

  • Glera
  • fermented in the tank (ITT)
  • fruity

Champagne

  • Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier
  • fermented in the bottle (ITB)
  • bready/yeasty, nutty

 

18

 

Where would you find place like Châteauneuf-du-Pape?

 

 

Southern Rhône, France

 

19

 

What grape is Queen in Northern Rhône?

 

 

Voignier

 

20

 

What is Southern Rhône's signature red varietal?

 

 

Grenache

 

21

 

What varietal is used to make Borolo in Italy?

 

 

Nebbiolo

 

22

 

Name two synonyms for Tempranillo

 

 

  • Tinto Fino
  • Tinto del País
  • Tinto de Toro

 

23

 

What French varietal is the signature grape grown in Argentina?

 

 

Malbec

 

24

 

What is the single most important varietal in Chili?

What red grape originally from Bordeaux is grown in Chili?

 

 

Cabernet Sauvignon

Carmenère

 

25

 

Name the regions in New Zealand

 

North Island

  • Gisbourne
  • Hawk's Bay
  • Auckland
  • Martinborough

South Island

  • Marlborough
  • Otago

 

26

 

What is the difference between Pouilly-Fuissé and Pouilly-Fumé?

 

 

Pouilly-Fumé is an appellation in the Upper Loire Region in France that grows Sauvignon Blanc, in Kimmeridgian Soil.

 

Pouilly-Fuissé is an appellation in Burgundy and grows Chardonnay.

 

27

 

What are the five facets of wine tasting?

 

  • Distinct Varietal Character
  • Expressiveness
  • Integration
  • Complexity
  • Connectedness

28

 

What is distinct varietal character?

 

The unique qualities you would expect from a grape variety

29

 

 

What is integration?

 

 

The marriage of sensations and flavors. When all components have come together in a harmonious fashion

30

 

 

What is expressiveness?

 

 

The definition and projection of a wine's aromas and flavors.

31

 

 

What is complexity?

 

A force that pulls you into a wine and compells you to repeatedly return for another smell and sip because you find something new each time.

 

thinker wines

32

 

 

What does connectedness mean?

 

The bond between a wine and the earth it is grown in. Where is was grown can be tasted and smelled in the wine.

33

Describe the characteristics of Rueda terrior, and it's affect on Verdejo.

Rocky soils, rich in limestone and iron, and optimal sunshine lead Verdejo vines to yield grapes capable of producing full bodied and highly aromatic white wines. Verdejo grapes in Rueda are harvested at night, when the cooler temperatures prevent oxidation and help retain the grapes’ acidity and freshness. Fermentation in stainless steel or concrete underscores the bright, fruit-forward characteristics in the wine.

34