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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (23):
1

a large wide-area network created by the United States Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA)

ARPANET

2

a software application that enables computer users to access information on the World Wide Web

browser

3

piece of information sent by a web server and stored by the browser as text strings on a computer; the browser returns the cookie to the server the next time the page is referenced

cookie

4

used interchangeably with the word "component," a device can be a drive, a scanner, or any computer-related object that acts as a tool to perform work

device

5

a device that modulates outgoing digital signals from a computer or other digital device to analog signals

gopher

6

(GUI) an interface that relies on visual clues, such as icons, to help users interact with electronic devices

graphical user interface

7

computer text accessed by users with a stylus, touch screen, keyboard strokes, or mouse

hypertext

8

a device that modulates an analog carrier signal and encodes it for digital information; it also demodulates carrier signals

modem

9

two or more computers connected to one another to form a network so that information can be shared

network

10

multimedia digital files that can be downloaded from the Internet

podcasts

11

a computer program that processes requests from another set of programs, called "clients"; the server serves the clients performing work for them; clients may run on the same computer as the server or connect to it through a network

server

12

a part of a larger whole (the CPU and hard drive, for instance, can be referred to as a computer components; components can also be much smaller than a drive and include integrated circuits, switches, and extremely small transistors)

component

13

a wireless local network that uses high frequency radio signals to transmit an Internet signal from a wireless router; often found in coffee shops and other public places

Wifi

14

a pen-like instrument used to access screen options on a PDA

stylus

15

the range of an area where users can access the Internet via high frequency radio signals that transmit an Internet signal from a wireless router

hotspot

16

a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances

bluetooth

17

information processed or stored by a computer; examples include text documents, images, audio clips, and software applications; all are stored in files and folders on a computer's hard, DVD, or CD drives

data

18

the theory that such computing characteristics as processing speed, memory capacity, and sensors double every two years; a rate described as exponential

Moore's Law

19

a measure of data storage that is one thousand gigabytes in size

terabyte

20

software that prevents unauthorized users from accessing a private network

firewall

21

a production line that can extend around the entire world and involve hundreds of companies

supply chain

22

a multiple of a byte; eighty billion bytes

gigabytes

23

a multiple of a byte; one million bytesf

megabytes